18 terms

EAP602: Parts of Speech

A sentence
Contains a complete subject, a complete verb, and a complete idea. It starts with a capital letter and ends with some end punctuation.
person, place, thing, or idea
proper nouns
used to name a specific person, place, or thing. These begin with a capital letter. Examples: Sarah, Los Angelas, Mars, Cafe Río
common nouns
used to name non-specific people, places, or things. Examples: house, dog, broom, happy
concrete nouns
These refer to people or things that exist physically and that at least one of the senses can detect. You can touch, smell, see, or hear them. Examples: cat, soup, baby, violin.
abstract nouns
These have no physical existence. They refer to ideas, emotions and concepts you cannot see, touch, hear, smell, or taste. Example: love, time, freedom.
plural nouns
More than one of a noun. Examples: dogs, students, mice. Usually, there is an "s" at the end, but some plural nouns like "mice" have a special form.
Replace a noun. Examples: I, you,he, she, it, we,they.
Tell us more about a noun by describing the noun. Examples: green slow, five, stinky, tall, round
Words we use before nouns or pronouns to show their relationship with other words in the sentence. Example: behind (the tree), across (Market Street), down (the stairs)
Words that show action or a state of being. A complete verb is required in a complete sentence.
linking verbs
Verbs that don't show action. They link the subject to words or groups of words that identify or describe the subject. Examples: be, seem, appear, grow, taste, become.
helping verbs
Help the main verb express an action or a state of being. Examples: have (laughed), are (doing), were (looking).
Tell more about a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Tells how, how many, when. Examples: quietly, several, now. Many adverbs end in -ly.
Connect words and phrases; a comma comes before a conjunction in a compound sentence.
Remember FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so [or] SOBA: so, or , but, and
Express strong emotions. Followed by an exclamation point or a comma depending on the strength of emotion. Examples: Wow!, Yuck!, Yes!, Holy cow!
Parts of speech in English
There are 9 parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions, interjections, determiners
determiners are words that determine a noun: articles ( a, an, the) are examples of determiners. Other examples are words like some, or many.

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