Unit 1, 2
Terms in this set (75)
Once developed, metal tools were preferred over stone tools for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
they were easier for ordinary people to make at home.
A characteristic of the human species before the advent of civilization was
the ability to spread to various geographic settings and climate zones.
Among the early river civilizations
the Huanghe culture in China was the most isolated.
The development of writing
helps explain why governments could become more formal and bureaucratic.
The Paleolithic Age refers to
the period in which simple stone tools were developed.
The earliest known writing in a civilization first developed in
the Middle East.
A society is almost certainly a civilization if
it practices sedentary agriculture.
Egypt differed from Mesopotamian civilization by stressing
well-organized, durable empires.
Sumerian civilization produced the first
written law code.
Hunting and gathering societies
organize rather small groups into political units
Why did the original inhabitants of Australia not develop agriculture?
They were too isolated to learn of developments elsewhere until recently.
emphasized the power and abstraction of God.
The development of agriculture caused important changes in all of the following EXCEPT
the tendency to believe in many gods.
Which river valley civilization was most completely destroyed by natural disasters such as climate change?
The Neolithic revolution occurred first in
the Middle East.
One of China's key economic strengths was
high levels of technological innovation.
A "dynasty" in Chinese history was
a family that passed the imperial title from generation to generation.
One difference between classical China and the earlier Huanghe river valley civilization was that
human sacrifices were suppressed.
A famous example of "cultural diffusion" in early Chinese history was
the introduction and spread of Buddhism from India.
The Chinese government accepted Daoism for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
Daoists believed that nobles were holier than peasants.
One difference between classical civilizations and river valley civilizations was that in classical civilizations
political organizations were more elaborate.
Chinese art featured
careful craftsmanship and detail work.
Women in Han Chinese society
sometimes become quite powerful in the household.
Which of the following was a Confucian belief?
A good society has a hierarchy both in family and state.
All of the following constituted a function of government in Han China EXCEPT
schools for peasant boys.
Ceremony became an important part of upper-class Chinese life because
the Chinese believed that it would help unify society and prevent greed.
Chinese views of nature emphasized
harmony and balance.
The Aryan conquerors brought to India
distinctive religious ideas.
India's trading network involved direct contact with all of the following EXCEPT
Hindu ethics involved
emphasis on an individual carrying out the obligations of life
Which of the following does NOT describe important features of Indian art?
Opposed to the use of animal figures
The Indian caste system served to an extent as a political institution by
enforcing rules about social behavior
In the classical period, both China and India
showed considerable tolerance for different religions.
The Mauryan dynasty differed from the Gupta dynasty in that
it ruled a larger territory.
full union with the divine essence.
Hinduism urged that
all living creatures participated in the divine essence.
Both Rome and the ancient Greeks depended on slavery. One result of this was
both groups lagged in technological advances when compared to the Chinese or the Indians.
The Roman Empire
tolerated local and political religious diversity.
Greek and Roman agriculture
tended to develop large, commercial estates.
The two Mediterranean powers fighting in the Punic Wars were
Carthage and Rome.
The Senate of republican Rome particularly represented
the landed aristocracy.
Roman slaves were used for all of the following EXCEPT
The Greek and Hellenistic approach in science
used mathematics to try and explain nature's patterns.
Compared to Hinduism and Buddhism, all of the following constitute distinctive features of late-Roman Christianity EXCEPT
non-believers cannot join the church.
Which of the following best survived the Hun invasions in India?
By 600, looking at the entire world, a good definition of "barbarian" would be
someone who is not part of a civilization.
The end of the Gupta Empire differed from the decline of Rome in that it did not involve
the introduction of a new religion for the majority.
Japan developed a religion called
Compared to Hinduism, Christians are more likely to
see humans as superior to the rest of nature.
Which of the following areas was NOT one of the earliest civilizations to develop?
The characteristic political organization of the Tigris-Euphrates civilization was
regional city states.
The Qin dynasty differed from the Zhou in that
it was more centralized.
The "Son of Heaven" concept was designed to promote all of the following EXCEPT
priests' control of the state.
Which of the following groups was considered "low standing" in official Chinese social hierarchy?
Daoists would agree with Confucianists on all of the following EXCEPT
the importance of political activity.
Compared to China, India
had greater contact with other societies and civilizations.
In contrast to China, the social values that developed in classical India
encouraged greater emotional spontaneity.
Compared to China, Indian social and economic structure
gave a stronger role to merchants.
India's political tradition
stressed the importance of regional and local units.
The Socratic method emphasized the importance of
Greek politics resembled Indian politics in
the tendency of regional fragmentation.
Compared to modern American ideas about democracy, Athenian democracy was distinctive in
urging that all citizens participate directly in lawmaking and policymaking.
The eastern portion of the Roman Empire experienced less decline than the west for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
the east resisted the spread of Christianity.
Nomadic invaders often had military advantages over the armies of empires because
they were more skilled as horsemen.
Nalanda became famous for
its university that attracted students from all over Asia.
Which of the following does NOT help explain why India was more often invaded than China?
Hostility to warfare
From a Confucian viewpoint, the Roman Empire might have been criticized for placing too much confidence in
laws rather than trained officials.
One important early symptom of Rome's decline was
the drop in population due to a series of plagues.
Buddhism differed from Hinduism by not believing
in the caste system.
Roman emperors tried to prevent popular disorder by
organizing food suplies and distribution.
By 600 C.E., an early civilization was beginning to take shape in
Confucian and Hindu values both
helped justify and preserve social inequality.
Republican Romans and democratic Athenians would have agree that all of the following were politically important EXCEPT
division of powers within the state.
The first kingdoms in eastern Africa below the Sahara showed the influence of
Egypt and Hellenism.
Hellenistic society was known for its advances in
medicine and geometry.