Module III Terms
Terms in this set (30)
New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention and leader of the Federalists; one of the authors of the Federalist Papers.
A change to the Constitution
Opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution in favor of a confederation of independent states.
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 and was weak because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Also known as the Great Compromise, this was a compromise between large and small states at the Constitutional Convention to create a bicameral legislature with a lower house in which representation would be based on population and an upper house in which each state would have two senators.
The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
Debate on Slavery
contested topic at the Constitutional Convention that resulted in the 3/5 Compromise, counting 3 out of every 5 slaves toward representation
The branch of government established in Article II of the US Constitution, headed by the President, that carries out the nation's laws and policies.
A system of government in which power is shared by national and state governments
Supporters of ratification of the US Constitution, which called for a strong central government.
The first President of the United States after the adoption of the US Constitution.
Father of the Constitution
Second President of the United States who attempted peace negotiations with the French.
The branch of government established by Article III of the US Constitution, including the federal court system, that interprets laws.
The branch of the government established in Article I of the US Constitution, whose job is to make laws.
Constitutional principle that the government only has those powers given to it by the people.
the Enlightenment thinker who wrote about the principle of Separation of Powers
Washingtons foreign policy stance as England and France engage in war; picking neither side
New Jersey Plan
Plan favored by smaller states at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation in Congress for each State.
Groups of people who organize to help elect government officials and influence government policies; Hamilton forms the first one known as the Federalists.
The idea that the people of a territory should be able to decide its position on slavery.
The process of formal approval.
Separation of Powers
This principle states that each branch should have a different function and power should be divided among the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches of government.
This conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was ineffective.
The Federalist Papers
This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government. It was published to convince New York to ratify the Constitution.
The detailed, written plan for government of the United States.
Plan favored by large states at the Constitutional Convention that called for representation in Congress to be based on a States population.
Uprising of Pennsylvania farmers over a tax, that required President Washington to send in federal troops. This proved that the new federal government could maintain control and avoid instability.