American Government Vocab
Terms in this set (15)
The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
All of the goals a government sets and the various courses of action it pursues as it attempts to realize these goals.
The power to make a law and to frame public policies.
The power to execute, enforce, and administer law.
The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes within the society.
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
A form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people.
A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
Having supreme power within its own territory; neither subordinate or responsible to any other authority.
A form of government in which a single person holds unlimited political power.
A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
A centralized government in which all government powers belong to a single, central agency.
A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis (in the United States, between the National Government and the States).