24 terms

World War 1 Vocabulary

Dauphin Jr High World History- Unit 6
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alliance/ally
Formal agreement or treaty between 2 or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes
front
line of battle (place where combat operations take place)
autocracy
government in which one person has unlimited power
militarism
reliance of military strength within a country
conscription
military draft
fourteen points
peace plan to end WW l and restructure the countries of Europe. Proposed by Woodrow Wilson
sabotage
secret action to damage a war effort
armistice
truce or agreement to end fighting
mandate
a nation governed by another nation on behalf of the League of Nations
dissent
Opposition; minority opinion
Espionage
the act or practice of spying
League of Nations
Organization of nations to preserve peace and resolve international disputes proposed in Wilson's Fourteen Points
Soviets
Russian councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers
socialists
people who believed industries should be publicly owned
war of attrition
Conflict in which one side attempts to wear down its enemy by constant attacks and heavy losses
mobilization
Process of assembling troops and supplies for war
Nationalism
loyalty to a nation. Idea that people of the same ethnicity, langiage, etc. should form their own nation
convoy
group that travels with something, such as a ship, to protect it
Communism
system of social organization based on the holding of all properties in common, actual ownership going to the state
trench warfare
battle tactic in which troops fighting in ditches protected by barbed wire
propaganda
ideas spread to influence the public opinion for or against a cause
pacifist
person opposed to the use of violence
total war
impacts the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those not in battle
War Communism
Government control banking and industry during periods of military conflict