Middle Ages: Quest 8
Terms in this set (13)
The region of present-day Israel; includes the city of Jerusalem, which is a holy city to Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Pope Urban II
Pope who called for the first Crusade to reclaim Jerusalem from the Muslims
the act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church
Richard the Lionheart
son of Henry II and King of England from 1189 to 1199; a leader of the Third Crusade; on his way home from the crusade he was captured and held prisoner in the Holy Roman Empire until England ransomed him in 1194
King of England (from from 1199 to 1216) who raised taxes and punished his enemies without a trial. He is best known for being forced to sign the Magna Carta.
sultan of Syria and Egypt; reconquered Jerusalem from the Christians in 1187 but was defeated by Richard Coeur de Lion in 1191
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
5 Pillars of Islam
1) belief in Allah, 2) prayer 5 times a day, 3) fasting during Ramadan, 4) charity, 5) pilgrimage to Mecca once in your lifetime
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
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HIS Exam 2
1-4 Establishment and Spread of Islamic Empires
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