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28 terms

T21 WH: Unit 6

STUDY
PLAY
imperialism
the complete domination or control of a country by another; that control can be military, economic, or political
kaiser
another term for emperor, used in Eastern Europe and Germany
social Darwinism
this theory was born from a scientist's ideas about natural selection; it is a twisted theory that wrongly justifies racist beliefs
India
the "jewel in the crown" of the British empire
nationalism
a deep devotion to one's country that places it above all others
unification
this is what Italy and Germany had in common in the late 1800s; Italy did it from 1861-70 and Germany did it in 1871
aristocracy
elite or upper class
tenement
run-down, shack-like apartment buildings in cities during the Industrial Age
standard of living
the quality of one's lifestyle
prime minister
the head of a country's government, similar in power to a US president
Aborigines
a hunter-gatherer group that settled in Australia about 50,000 years ago
New Zealand
an island nation that was taken over by the British in 1840
impacts of the Industrial Revolution
children often worked long hours in factories; craftspeople were put out of work by cheaper and faster factories; cities became over-crowded
socialism
an ideology that attracted many working-class people because of its call for an even distribution of wealth
Impressionism
a style of art that artists created when the new invention of the camera could "out-do" their efforts at creating realistic paintings
Conservatives
prefer capitalism; tend to be the "Haves"; want to prefer traditional ways and resist change
Liberals
prefer socialism; tend to be the "Have nots"; want to find new ways for improving society
Dark side of nationalism
glorified war and military conquest of other nations
Bright side of nationalism
promoted freedom from foreign control
Britain's imperialism in India
For India, there were some advantages to this, such as gaining a telegraph system, railroads, postal services, and paved roads; mostly, however, this put hardships on 300 million Indians
Australia
initially used by Britain as a prison colony
Scramble for Africa
eager to gain raw materials for their factories, Europeans carved up Africa amongst themselves to rule
Spanish-American War
this made America a legitimate imperial power, because after defeating Spain, America took over Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
emperor Meiji
this leader of Japan was highly interested in modernizing his island nation; he sent officials to learn from the West, and he ordered the construction of a modern navy, railroad, and factory system
Crimean War
this served as a "wake up call" for Russia, making it obvious to them that they needed reforms in education, an end to serfdom, and overall Westernization if they were going to avoid being bullied by European powers
Canada
this was a French colony that the British took over in 1763; as a result of it's French roots, some people in this country still speak French today
Mexico
when this Spanish colony became independent, things were set up in a way that heavily favored white, upper class elites
Westernization
becoming industrialized and modern; adopting Western ideas and values