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Apartheid in South Africa
Terms in this set (44)
a person of mixed European ("white") and African ("black") or Asian ancestry, as officially defined by the South African government from 1950 to 1991.
Africans, Early 1800s: Grew out of warfare, conquest of other clans, gain people.
Dutch East India Company
Jan van Riebeeck arrived on behalf of the Dutch East India Company to establish the first permanent European settlement at the Cape Colony.
Means African in Afrikaans, then Boer (farmer) were more commonly used, conflict with British. From A to B. Development of distinct language, Afrikaans. Boer, farmer; Afrikaner, African. Struggle of independence and freedom. Afrikaners are typically taken to be South Africans whose first language is Afrikaans, were defined as white during Apartheid, and who claim descent from the early Dutch settlers at the Cape.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Set up by the Government of National Unity to help deal with what happened under apartheid. The conflict during this period resulted in violence and human rights abuses from all sides. No section of society esscaped these abuses. (Desmond TuTu was a part of it)
Inkatha Freedom Party
A South African political organization, established by Chief Gatsha Buthelezi, which encouraged a resurgent Zulu nationalism and created a platform for Buthelezi to advance his political ambitions.
FW de Klerk
South African politician who served as the country's State President from August 1989 to May 1994. He was the seventh and last head of state of South Africa during the apartheid era.
A South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid.
A township of the city of Johannesburg in Gauteng, South Africa, bordering the city's mining belt in the south
An anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the 1960s and 1970s, until his death while in police custody.
Black Consciousness Movement
An anti-Apartheid activist movement that emerged in South Africa in the mid-1960s out of the political vacuum created by the jailing and banning of the African National Congress and Pan Africanist Congress leadership after the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960.
A trial in which 156 people, including Nelson Mandela, were arrested in a raid and accused of treason in South Africa in 1956. The main trial lasted until 1961, when all of the defendants were found not guilty.
Umkhonto we Sizwe
The armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC), co-founded by Nelson Mandela in the wake of the Sharpeville massacre. Its founding represented the conviction in the face of the massacre that the ANC could no longer limit itself to nonviolent protest; its mission was to fight against the South African government.
An event which occurred on 21 March 1960, at the police station in the South African township of Sharpeville in Transvaal (today part of Gauteng). After a day of demonstrations against pass laws, a crowd of about 5,000 to 7,000 black protesters went to the police station in a peaceful protest turned violent.
A march that took place on 9 August 1956 in Pretoria, South Africa. The marchers' aims were to protest the introduction of the Apartheid pass laws for black women in 1952 and the presentation of a petition to the then Prime Minister J.G. Strijdom.
Federation of South African Women
A political lobby group formed in 1954.
A territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia), as part of the policy of apartheid.
The statement of core principles of the South African Congress Alliance, which consisted of the African National Congress (ANC) and its allies - the South African Indian Congress, the South African Congress of Democrats and the Coloured People's Congress. 1955
Was the first large-scale, multi-racial political mobilization against apartheid laws under a common leadership - by the African National Congress, South African Indian Congress, and the Coloured People's Congress. 1952
a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. 1964 he was in prison for 18 of his 27 year sentence.
A language of southern Africa, derived from the form of Dutch brought to the Cape by Protestant settlers in the 17th century and an official language of South Africa.
A suburb or city of predominantly black occupation, formerly officially designated for black occupation by apartheid legislation.
Bantu Education Act
A segregation law where school buildings were racially separated into white and black schools. The education was weakened in the black schools, and the white schools excelled in all subjects.
Suppression of Communism Act
Legislation of the national government in South Africa which formally banned the Communist Party of South Africa and prescribed any party or group subscribing to communism. June 26, 1950
The title of two acts of the Parliament of South Africa which prohibited, amongst other things, sexual relations between white people and people of other races. 1927, 1957
Group Areas Act
The title of three acts of the Parliament of South Africa enacted under the apartheid government of South Africa. The acts assigned racial groups to different residential and business sections in urban areas in a system of urban apartheid. First one in 1950.
Population Registration Act
Required that each inhabitant of South Africa be classified and registered in accordance with his or her racial characteristics as part of the system of apartheid. 1950
Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act
An apartheid law in South Africa that prohibited marriages between "Europeans" and "non-Europeans". 1949
system of institutionalised racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa between 1948 and 1991. It's motivated by several Afrikaner concerns:
Loss of jobs to black workers
Increasing population (blacks)
Survival of Afrikaner nation
A group of conservative afrikaners, defeats the united party(British and moderate Afrikaner) during the 1948 election.
Formed in 1912, to organize Africans and oppose discrimination through petitions and appeals to Great Britain.
African land ownership was limited to specially designated Natives' Reserves on 8 percent of the countryside.
Natives' Land Act (1913)
It became the first piece of major legislation creating separate areas for Europeans and Africans.
Liberator of India. Came to South Africa in 1893 to accept a position in an Indian law firm. He formed the South African Indian Congress, SAIC, to organize Indians to demand basic human, political, and economic rights for the South Asian community. His idea of Satyagraha (the struggle for truth) as the root of a nonviolent form of resistance against white discrimination. Hindu. Assassinated because he's too liberal
Boer War (South African War)
a war in which Great Britain fought against the Transvaal and Orange Free State, 1899-1902.
The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony was a British colony in present-day South Africa and Namibia, named after the Cape of Good Hope.
A form of internal passport system designed to segregate the population and allocate migrant labor. Began in 1896 ended in 1986.
Casual and unskilled workers who travel systematically from one region to another offering temporary services.
The capital city of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.
Orange Free State
an independent Boer state which later became a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa.
A region in the northeast South Africa inhabited by the Bantu people.
Battle of Blood River
December 16, 1838, a fight between 15,000 Zulu and 470 Pioneers.
The movement of Dutch-speaking colonists up into southern Africa in search of land to colonize and call their homeland, separate from the British. 1836-1845
A monarch of the Zulu kingdom until his death in 1828.