Social Studies Vocab

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Potable water
Drinking water
Groundwater
water within the earth especially that supplies wells and springs
Surface water
water that collects on the surface of the ground
Aquifer
a porous deposit of rock, such as a sandstone, containing water that can be used to supply wells
Reservoir
a natural or artificial place where water is collected and stored for use, especially water for supplying drinking water, irrigating land, and power for a community
Water cycle
also known as the hydrologic cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
Water scarcity
as a condition in which people lack access to water or do not have access to safe water supplies
Economic water scarcity
exists when a population does not have the necessary financial resources to use an available source of water
Unequal distribution of water
people do not have equal access to fresh water
Physical water scarcity
the demand for water outweighs the land's ability to provide the water a population needs
Arid regions
Dry parts of the world
Overuse of water
constantly using a water source to the point it is running out or disappears
Water pollution
pollution of the water in rivers and lakes because of human activity
Water rich countries
countries with available water and easy access to water sources
Water poor countries
countries with limited water and limited access to water sources