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69 terms

Medical Terminology 2013 Chapter 1 part 3

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Prefixes
Words beginnings are called
Suffixes
Word endings are called
Root
The foundation of a word is known as the
combining vowel
A letter linking a suffix and a root, or linking two roots, in a term is the
combining form
The combination of a root and a combining vowel is known as the
cardi/o
The combination form for heart
aden/o
The combination form for gland
bi/o
The combination form for life
cerebr/o
The combination form for cerebrum, largest part of the brain
cephal/o
the combination form for head
arthr/o
The combination form for joint
carcin/o
The combination form for cancer, cancerous
cyst/o
The combination form for urinary bladder
cyt/o
the combination form for cell
derm/o
the combination form for skin
dermat/o
the combination form for skin
encephal/o
the combination form for brain
electr/o
the combination for electricity
-oma
The suffix meaning tumor, mass, swelling
-al
The suffix meaning pertaining to
-itis
the suffix meaning inflammation
-logy
The suffix meaning process of study
-scopy
The suffix meaning process of visual examination
-ic
the suffix meaning pertaining to
-gram
The suffix meaning record
-opsy
The suffix meaning process of viewing
Cerebral
Cerebr/al
Pertaining to the cerebrum or largest part of the brain
biopsy
bi/opsy
Process of viewing life
Removal of living tissue and viewing it under a microscope
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
cephalic
cephal/ic
pertaining to the head
carcinoma
carcin/oma
tumor that is cancerous
cystoscopy
cyst/o/scopy
process of visually examining the urinary bladder
electrocardiogram
electr/o/cardi/o/gram
record of the electricity in the heart
cardiology
cardi/o/logy
process of study of the heart
electroencephalogram
electr/o/encephal/o/gram
record of the electricity in the brain
arthroscopy
arthr/o/scopy
process of visual examination of a joint
cytology
cyt/o/logy

process of study of cells
erythr/o
red
enter/o
intestines (usually small intestine
gastr/o
stomach
gnos/o
knowledge
hemat/o
blood
cis/o
to cut
nephr/o
kidney
leuk/o
white
iatr/o
treatment, physician
hepat/o
liver
neur/o
nerve
gynec/o
women, female
carcinogenic
When Paul smoked cigarettes, he inhaled a _________ substance with each puff
leukocytosis
Sally's sore throat, fever and chills made her doctor order a white blood cell count. The results, indicating infection, showed a slight increase in normal cells a condition called
hepatoma (hepatocellular carcinoma
Mr. Smith's liver enlarged, giving him abdominal pain. His radiologic tests an biopsy revealed a malignant tumor or
arthralgia
Mr. Rose complained of a pain in her hip joints, knees and shoulders each morning. She was told that she had painful joints, or
endocrine
Dr. Black was trained to treat disorders of the pancreas, thyroid gland, adrenal glands and pituitary gland. Thus, he was an expert in the ------glands
cystitis
Walsh told her doctor she had pain when urinating. After tests, the doctor's diagnosis was inflammation of the urinary bladder or
hematoma
Elizabeth's overhead tennis shot hit David in the thigh, producing a large---------. His skin looked bruised and was tender
leukemia
Mr. Bell's white blood cell count is 10 times higher than normal. Examination of his blood shows cancerous white blood cells. His diagnosis is
iatrogenic
Mr. Kay was resuscitated (revived from potential or apparent death) in the emergency department after experiencing a heart attack. Unfortunately, he suffered a broken rib as a result of the physician's chest compressions. This is an example of a/an ------------- fracture
enteropathy
After coming back from a trip during which he had eaten unfamiliar foods, Mr. Cameron had a disease of his intestines called
leukocycte
White blood cell
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
iatrogenic
pertaining to being produced by treatment
nephrology
study of kidneys
erythrocyte
red blood cell
hematoma
mass of blood
biopsy
process of viewing living tissue (using a microscope)
neuralgia
pain of nerves
ophthalmoscopy
process of visual examination of the eye
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestine