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Terms in this set (23)
A body of land with water on three sides
City-state. A ____ in Greece was like an independent country.
A fort built on a hilltop. Greeks would go to escape invaders or build temples to honor local gods.
An open area outside an acropolis run like a marketplace where Greeks would gather and debate issues, choose officials, pass laws, and carry out business.
A person who seizes power and rules with total authority.
a few wealthy people hold power over the larger group of citizens (Sparta).
Ruled by the people.(Athens).
Elected leaders of the council who enforced the laws and managed the collection of taxes in Sparta.
all citizens meet to debate and vote on government matters.
citizens elect a smaller group of people who represent them, makes laws, and governs on their behalf.
A person who searches for wisdom or enlightenment
One way that the geography influenced Ancient Greece was they were on a peninsula so they could fish and trade easily. Also they had rugged land and lots of mountains so it was hard to farm
How does geography influence peoples lives in ancient Greece?
Sparta´s focus was on war and bravery and they had a oligarchy government. Athens focus was on politics and brain power. They had a democracy government, and they also focused on improving there lifestyle
How was Sparta different from Athens?
Sparta's lifestyle was very harsh. Boys would start training for war at age 8. They would train and train boys would get whipped and punched. Sometimes people would even get seriously injured or die in training.
What was a Sparta's lifestyle like??
Resisted change: discouraged free thinking and learning. Resisted coins leading others to not want to trade. Didn't establish colonies for trade.
Why did Sparta fall behind other city-states in Greece?
Tyrants led with absolute rule unrestrained by law. The common people, merchants, artisans, and farmers were unhappy with their lack of involvement.
Why did the people in Greece want to change to a democracy or oligarchy?
Leader of the Persian Empire who led the first attack on Greece.
Son of Darius who invaded Greece With 200,000 men and thousands of ships
King Leonidas of Sparta
Led the Spartans in Thermopylae who stood bravely against a large Persian army of 300 Spartans.
Themistocles of Athens
Directed the Greek naval forces against Persians. Won the battle of Salamis, weakening Persian fleet.
Trading: Traded with islands and coast. Many people today still fish and trade for a living.
Why did the Greek city-states set up colonies?
agriculture (farming), which was done by the helots (slaves).
While many Greek city-states focused on trading, the Spartans primary focus was
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
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