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85 terms

AP Human Geography Unit 3 Vocab

AP Human Geography Unit 3 Vocab
adoption of some culture traits of the surrounding culture
doctrine that everything natural has a soul
ancient objects made by human beings
when one culture completely absorbs a different culture
new faith founded in Iran
observable actions or responses of humans or animals
ideas that people hold to be true
ablility to speak two languages
a religion that teaches that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire
the teachings that encourage love for humanity
contagious diffusion
rapid and widespread diffusion
mother tongue that originates from a pidgin
cultural determinism
the belief that cultural influences determine the behaviors and personalities of people
cultural diffusion
spread of cultural ideas from one society to another
cultural ecology
emphasizes human-environment interactions
cultural geography
looks at how cultures vary over space.
cultural hearths
place of origin of a culture
cultural landscape
visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
cultural relativism
practice of judging a culture by its own standards
cultural transmission
process by which one generation passes culture to the next
culture complex
common culture traits that make a group in an area distinct from others
culture region
area marked by culture that distinguishes it from other regions
culture system
group of interconnected culture complexes
culture trait
single element of normal practice in a culture
religion that emphasizes a simple, honest life
usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people; branches off of a language
forced exodus from lands of origin
Durkheim's sacred and profane
religious world and ordinary, everyday world
Eastern Orthodox
minor branch, 12 percent, split from Roman Catholicism in the 11th century, strong in Eastern Europe and Russia
environmental determinism
view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
ethnic religion
religion with a concentrated spatial distribution
belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
extinct religion
religion that is no longer practiced
folk culture
culture usually practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
folk culture region
an area where many people who live in a land space share at least some traditions or customs
folk life
composite culture of folk societies
geographic region
culture system that intertwines with location and environmental circumstances to form a geographic region
Torsten Hagerstrand
was a geographer that wrote about cultural diffusion
hierarchical diffusion
spread of an idea from nodes of authority or power to persons or places with less power
religion practiced by majority of India, can be considered either monotheistic or polytheistic
doctrine encouraging a person's self-realization using reasoning
independent invention
developments that can be traced to a specific civilization
Indo-European language family
language family spoken in most of Europe and areas of European settlement and in much of southwestern and southern Asia
monotheistic religion practiced mainly in Middle East
boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
monotheistic religion started in Israel
vocal or written communication
language families
group of languages with a shared origin
language sub-family
group of languages with more in common than a language family
lingua franca
a common language that comes to be spoken and understood over a large area
linguistic fragmentation
many languages spoken by a small group of people.
linguistic geography
study of the geographical distribution of language
Big Wheel; broad incorporation of ideas and gods from other religions
economic and political theories that say human actions and institutions are economically determined
material culture
physical representations of human culture
migrant diffusion
when an innovation originates somewhere and enjoys strong-but brief-adoption, loses strength at origin by the time it reaches another area
monotheistic religion
religion with one god
ability to speak more than two languages
non-material culture
human creations, such as values, that are not embodied in physical objects
rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
official language
language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of busines and publication of documents
an artificial language used for trade between speakers of different languages
popular culture
culture found in a heterogeneous society
split from catholic church in 16th century, divided into hundreds of denominations; strong in north america
regional identity
an awareness of being a part of a group of people living in a culture region
branches, denominations, sects
large and general divisions
small divisions that branch off of the branches
even smaller groups
relocation diffusion
spread of a feature or trend through movement of people
Roman Catholics
major branch of CHristianity
Sauer, Carl
American geographer that wrote about diffusion
animistic religion of northern Asia
one of the two primary branches of Islam
a monotheistic religion founded in northern India
standard language
form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
stimulus diffusion
diffusion in which one people receives a culture element from another but gives it a new and unique form
one of the two primary branches of Islam
symbolic landscape
smaller landscapes that symbolize a bigger area
motifs that stand for other things or ideas
combining of beliefs
The Buddhist yana whose path is the transformation of neurotically confused emotions into their enlightened equivalents.
Way of the Elders
time-distance decay
declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
branch of naming that studies the place names of a region or a language
traditional religion
original religion
cultural borowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
universalizing religion
religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.