Upgrade to remove ads
PS 0300 Key Terms
Terms in this set (47)
This is a method for provisionally understanding the world. It is a quest for knowledge
Describes the process by which scientists learn the world.
Question, Theory, Hypothesis, Observations, Evaluation
A set of logically consistent statements that tell us why the things we observe occur. It offers an explanation as to "why" something happens. An explanation identifies for us a "cause" or a causal process.
This step of the scientific process requires that we deduce implications from the model other than those we set out to explain in the first place
is information acquired by observation or experimentation. This data is recorded and analyzed by scientists and is a central process as part of the scientific method
This allows us to use observation to distinguish between two or more competing explanations of the same phenomenon.
If we observe the implications deduced from our theory, then we say that our theory is corroborated. We do not say that our theory is proven. We then continue to look for evidence that would contradict our theory
Starts with a set of observations and then generates an explanation for the observations. Observation precedes theory
It involves the formulation of an expectation in light of a particular theory. Theory precedes observation
A statement that is true by definition
This needs to happen to distinguish between science and nonscience statements. All statements must be testable, or this ________, just there has to be potential it could be _________
Relationship between two variables in which they tend to move in predictable relationships to one another. Can be positive(same direction) or negative(opposite)
Relationship in which one thing causes another
X causes Y, and Y causes X
X correlates with Y, because both are caused by another variable Z
X leads to Y, but only indirectly
The subset of human behavior that involves the use of power or influence
The acceptance that there has been a deleterious change in your environment and alter your behavior to achieve the best outcome possible given your new environment
Use this to try to change the environment back to its original condition
Accept the fact that your environment has changed and make no changes to your behavior
Fundamental tool for analyzing strategic situations
Extensive form games
normal form or strategic form games. They are the outcomes of the game
the choices of one actor depend on the choices made by other actors
"A human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within given territory"
"A state is an organization with a comparative advantage in violence, extending over a geographic are whose boundaries are determined by its power to tax constituents"
A state that does not or cannot perform to its expected functions.
The ability of the state to achieve its objectives, especially the abilities to control violence, effectively tax the population, and maintain well-functioning institutions and the rule of law
Rule of law
A system that imposes regularized rules in a polity, with key criteria including equal rights, the regular enforcement of laws, and the relative independence of the judiciary
Functions of premodern state
Defense, Policing, Taxation, and Order administration and legibility
A form of organization that has individuals operating and working under established, specified, and often complex rules
States identified with institutions rather than the personalities of their leaders
States are the ultimate authority within their specifically demarcated territories
Contractarian View of State
The creation of the state helps solve disputes that citizens might have with one another
An implicit agreement among individuals in the state of nature to create and empower the state. In doing so, it outlines the rights and responsibilities of the state and citizens in regard to each other.
State of Nature
Hobbes described this as "war of every man against every man" in which life was "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short." A term used to describe a situation in which there is no state
Theory that states are created by war
A concept used to distinguish states in the modern world from earlier forms of political centralization; it includes features such as extensive bureaucracy, centralization of violence, and impersonality
Territorial states became this
...a group of people bound together by a common set of political aspirations, especially self-government and sovereignty
The total value of goods and services produced in a given country or territory; divided by the population
In the social sciences, the differential distribution of access to goods like power, status, and material resources
The most common measure of income inequality in any given population, usually expressed as a number between 0 and 1, with 0 being total equality and 1 being maximal equality
The ongoing, paid access to regular work. And the lack of ongoing, paid access to regular work
Increase in the prices of good and services
A state that aims to provide a safety net for the most vulnerable elements of its population, often accomplished through social insurance, public health care plans, and poverty relief.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Comparative Politics Chapters 1-5
Ch:3 [Comparative Politics]
cpo2002 exam 1
CPO 2002 Exam 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
African Dance Test 3
African Dance Test 2
African Dance Quiz 1
Human Body Final Exam