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Chapter 16 Study Guide

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Warren G. Harding won the presidency by appealing to Americans' desire to
return to normal life after the war
Calvin Coolidge became president when
Warren G. Harding died in office
Attorney General Harry Daugherty resigned in disgrace after being investigated for taking bribes in exchange for allowing
someone to acquire a valuable German owned company seized during the war
Coolidge believed that government should
not interfere with business
Ford's system for making cars increased efficiency by
dividing the job into simple tasks
The purpose of Henry Ford's Sociological Department was to
set requirements workers had to meet
Commercial radio began its rise in November 1920, with the news that
Harding won the election
In the 1920s, young people began to look for careers as
managers in a corporate bureaucracy
Some members of congress tried to help farmers by proposing the McNary-Haugen Bill, which called for the government to
buy American crop surpluses and sell them abroad
Unions declined during the 1920s in part because many corporations instituted
welfare capitalism
The Ohio Gang was a group of
Harding's friends
In the Teapot Dome scandal, a government official recieved bribes for
allowing private interests to lease lands containing U.S. Navy oil reserves
Calvin Coolidge grew up
on a Vermont farm
An innovation instituted by International Harvester in 1926 was
an annual 2-week paid vacation
Henry Ford's business philosophy was to increase sales by
lowering the cost per car
The federal government began to support the airline industry after
entrepreneurs such as Glenn Curtis started building practical aircraft
An unintended affect of the Fordney-McCumber Act was
a reaction in foreign markets against American agricultural products
Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover believed that waste could be reduced and costs lowered if trade associations would
voluntarily share information with Bureau of Standards
After WWI, most Americans wanted to avoid future wars by
avoiding involvement in European affairs
The result of the Dawes Plan was
Europe's deeper descent into debt
welfare capitalism
profit sharing, medical care benefits, and pensions
cooperative individualism
from trade associations and share information with the federal government
Four-Power Treaty
recognized each country's island possessions in the Pacific
reparations
payments Germany was required to make as punishment for starting the war
Henry Ford's Model T car
Tin Lizzie
moratorium
pause in doing something, such as constructing new warships
Kellogg-Briand Pact
attempted to outlaw war
commuters
made possible by affordable cars
supply-side economics
growth through lower taxes
assembly line
enormously increased manufacturing efficiency
adoption of the assembly line at Ford
first
less time required to build cars
second
lower production costs
third
lower car prices for consumers
fourth
Henry Ford
installed the first moving assembly line in 1914
Albert B. Fall
first cabinet officer in history to go to prison
Robert La Follette
presidential nominee of the Progressive Party in 1924
Charles Lindbergh
made first solo transatlantic flight
Charles R. Forbes
sold medical supplies for veterans' hospitals
Calvin Coolidge
"Four fifths of all our troubles in this life would dissapear if we would only sit down and keep still."