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Unit 1: The West
Terms in this set (18)
vast grassland between the Mississippi river and the Rocky Mountains
Massacre at Sand Creek
Cheyenne assumed they were protected by U.S. Gov't. Returned to Colorado reserve for winter. Gen Curtis a militia to attack - 150 Cheyenne died.
Battle of Little Bighorn
Indian leaders Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse defeated Custer's troops who tried to force them back on to the reservation, Custer and all his men died
Battle of Wounded Knee
US soldiers massacred 300 unarmed Sioux Native American in 1890. This ended the Indian Wars.
Adopting the traits of another culture. Often happens over time when one immigrates into a new country.
An act that removed Indian land from tribes, redivided it, and distributed it among individual Indian families. Designed to break tribal mentalities and promote individualism.
Railroad line that linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system; constructed by the
railroads; completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah
a house built of strips of sod, laid like brickwork, and used by settlers on the Great Plains, where timber was scarce.
Large, 15,000-50,000 acre, single crop farms; came to dominate agricultural life in much of the West in the late 1800s.
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.
African Americans who moved from post reconstruction South to Kansas.
(1862) Federal law that gave land to western states to build agricultural and engineering colleges.
Originally a social organization between farmers, it developed into a political movement for government ownership of railroads
Group of unified farmers that had the goal better farming conditions and having more market control
Movement of farmers in the late 1800s to become politically involved to protect their interest in America; movement wanted to expand the money supply and regulate Big Business.
Panic of 1893
Serious economic depression beginning in 1893. Began due to rail road companies over-extending themselves, causing bank failures. Was the worst economic collapse in the history of the country until that point, and, some say, as bad as the Great Depression of the 1930s.
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amount of gold
A monetary system in which the government would give citizens either gold or silver in exchange for paper currency or checks