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90 terms

World War 2 Test Study Guide

TEST IN TWO WEEKS!!!! STUDY NOW LOTS TO MEMORIZE
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Dictator
a ruler who has absolute power
Blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
Totalitarian State
country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of the lives of the people
Fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Appeasement
practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Russia, later US
Operation Overlord
The Allied invasion of Normandy in June of 1944.
D-Day
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
V-E Day
May 8, 1945; The name of the day which ended World War II
Rationing
a limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
Victory Garden
a home vegetable garden created to boost food production during WWII
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Concentration Camp
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
Internment Camp
relocation camps for Japanese-Americans during WWII
Island Hopping
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Kamikaze
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
V-J Day
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Benito Mussolini
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
Erwin Rommel
"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
Bernard Montgomery
British General who cut off Rommel from advancing into Africa
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe then was elected to be Pres. of the USA
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Chester Nimitz
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
Robert Oppenheimer
United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967)
Manchuria
Province in northeast China invaded by Japan in September 1931
Ethiopia
African nation invaded by fascist Italy in 1935
Dunkirk
a city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire
Pearl Harbor
US Naval base attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941
Stalingrad
Battle in which the Nazi advance east through Russia was halted.
El Alamein
Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain's Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the 'Desert Fox') in 1942-1943. (p. 793)
Midway Island
An American military base that was fought over with the Japanese.
Guadalcanal
one of the Solomon Islands in southwest Pacific, Japanese building airstrip, August 1942 battle, Allies won
Iwo Jima
One of the Bloodiest battles in the war, a fight to the death for Japanese soldiers, as the Americans were coming closer to Japan
Nagasaki
site of 2nd Atomic Bomb, killing 40,000+ Japanease citizens
Hiroshima
site of 1st Atomic Bomb, killing 70,000+ Japanease citizens
Sicily
An important invasion that lead to the removal of Mussolini from government, only to have him put back later
Rome
Capital of Italy
Normandy
Where Operation Overlord took place
December 7 1941
What day was Pearl Harbor attacked?
September 1 1939
What day was Poland attacked?
June 6 1944
What day were the beaches of Normandy bombed
Neville Chamberlain
Who was the British Prime Minister before Churchill who said that talking it out will avoid war
Lend Lease
FDR wanted to help somehow before US were involved in war. So he lent bombs and artillery to Britain
US stopped trading with Japan
What were the causes of Japan bombing Pearl Harbor?
Sudetenland
Area in Czechoslovakia that was German speaking, became part of Germany in 1938
Built up arms
How did Hitler violate the Versailles Treaty?
Rhineland
What part of France did Germany take over in 1936?
Part of Russia and Yugoslavia
What did Hitler take over in 1941?
Poland and Czechoslovakia
What did Hitler take over in 1939?
Austria
What country did Hitler take over in 1938?
Denmark, Norway, Holland, France, and Belgium
What countries did Hitler take over in 1940
Austria
Country where Hitler is originally from
Nazi
German political party popularized by Hitler and assumed power in Germany in 1933
Munich Conference
Meeting in Germany to decide the fate of Czechoslovakia, praised by Chamberlain
Happy
When American troops came into Sicily from Africa, where the Italians happy or sad?
Czechoslovakia and Austria
Two countries that were happy to be taken over by Hitler
World Fair
What was going on in New York while Hitler was invading Poland
U-Boat
German Submarine
Enigma code first broken, Britain would not give up
How was the Battle of Britain significant?
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
March 1941
Year and month FDR started to "lend" artillery to Britain
Hirohito
Japanese Emperor with a hunger for power.
Jews caused German loss of WW1
What did Hitler say to make Germany hate Jews?
lightning war
What does blitzkrieg mean?
Internment Camps
Because of American paranoia of Japanese citizens, where did they decide to put American born people with Japanese roots to?
August 15, 1945
What day did Japan surrender?
Okinawa
Wasnt as savage as Iwo Jima, however many Japanese met their death jumping of a cliff from hearing of American troops arriving
April 30, 1945
What day did Hitler commit suicide
May 5, 1945
What day did Germany surrendur
USA wanted to trade with China
Why did USA not want Japan to take over the Pacific
Frank Sinatra
The man back home not sent to the army who became a favorite for teenage girls
George Patton
Who was the General that saved the day in the Battle of the Bulge
Midway Island
Which battle in the Pacific was a turning point for America
MAGIC
What was Japans secret code
Saipan
Japanese place where soldiers convinced civilians to kill themselves
Kamikaze
Japanese fighter pilots that killed themselves crashing into boats and planes
Stalingrad
What battle was a turning point for Russia
Scrap metal, food, work
What did kids ration, help, or donate to help the soldiers at war
US Yorktown
Boat that lasted Pearl Harbor and three other battles
El Alamein
Where the British pushed Germany west to stay away from the Suez Canal
Kasserine Pass
first encounter; inexperienced US troops suffer humiliating defeat against Rommel
To get to Russia and prevent Germany from blocking Suez Canal
Why did United States go through North Africa
Suez Canal
A ship canal where many boats go through.
Gold, Omaha, Utah, Sword, Juno
What are the five beaches of Normandy