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"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of the lives of the people
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967)
a city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire
Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain's Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the 'Desert Fox') in 1942-1943. (p. 793)
one of the Solomon Islands in southwest Pacific, Japanese building airstrip, August 1942 battle, Allies won
One of the Bloodiest battles in the war, a fight to the death for Japanese soldiers, as the Americans were coming closer to Japan
An important invasion that lead to the removal of Mussolini from government, only to have him put back later
Who was the British Prime Minister before Churchill who said that talking it out will avoid war
FDR wanted to help somehow before US were involved in war. So he lent bombs and artillery to Britain
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Because of American paranoia of Japanese citizens, where did they decide to put American born people with Japanese roots to?
Wasnt as savage as Iwo Jima, however many Japanese met their death jumping of a cliff from hearing of American troops arriving
To get to Russia and prevent Germany from blocking Suez Canal
Why did United States go through North Africa
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