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109 terms

Medical Office 1 Week 2

Medical Office 1 Week 2
STUDY
PLAY
crani/o
skull
cervic/o
neck
sacr/o
flesh
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
inguin/o
groin
viscer/o
internal organs
sarc/o
flesh
chondr/o
cartilage
thorac/o
chest
hist/o
tissue
-ose
full of, pertaining to sugar
-eal
pertaining to
-ectomy
removal, excision
-tomy
process of cutting
inter-
between
hypo-
below, deficient
ana-
up, apart
epi-
above, upon
cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic, spinal
5 cavities of the body
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
5 divisions of the back
thoracic
region of the chest
sacral
region of the sacrum
coccygeal
region of the tailbone
cranial
cavity surrounded by the skull
thoracic
cavity in the chest surrounded by the ribs
pelvic
cavity surrounded by the hip bone
spinal
cavity surrounded by the back bones
abdominal
cavity below the chest containg digestive organs
cervical
region of the neck
lumbar
region of the waist
sacral
region of the sacrum
coccygeal
pertaining to the tailbone, coccyx
superficial
on the surface
deep
away from the surface of the body
proximal
The ___ end of the humerus is at the shoulder
distal
the ____ end of the thigh bone (femur) joins with the knee cap
prone
lying on the belly
supine
lying on the back (face up, palms up)
dorsal
pertaining to the back of the body
anterior
front surface of the body
inferior, caudal
the diaphragm lies_________ to the organs in the thoracic cavity.
caudal
pertaining to the tail, lower part of body
lateral
the left lung lies _____ to the heart.
sagittal
pertaining to lengthwise
superior
The liver lies ______ to the intestines
transverse
plane that divides the body into upper and lower cavities
vertebral
pertaining to the vertebra, backbone
medial
pertaining to the middle
cephalic
pertaining to the head
physician practicing requirements
•be of legal age, good moral character, graduated from approved medical school
•resident of state where practicing
•passed oral/written exams administered by state where physician is practicing.
reciprocity
If a physician is licensed in one state and moved to another, he/she can practice medicine in the other state if determined that the original state requirements are equal to the new state.
physician license revoked
•convicted a crime (murder, rape)
•betrayal pt-physician confidence
•inappropriate sexual conduct
•fraud when applying for license (fake diplomas)
•fraudulent claims filing (services not rendered)
•incompetent to practice mental incapacity
principals of medical ethics
In 2001, the American Medical Association updated a code of ethics which stated what is expected of a physician
uniform anatomical gift act
any person of sound mind and legal age may give any part of there body after death for research or transplant
living will
•a document written in advance that states the pateient's wishes regarding end-of-life.
•must be witnessed by 2 people
•file copy w/family, primary physician & family attorney
durable POA
a document that allows an individual to delegate to another person the legal authority to act on his or her behalf
miranda warning law
gives patient legal options for refusing or accepting treatment if they are incapacitated
negligent
an act or failure to act as a reasonable prudent physician under the same or similar circumstances
liability
anything to which a person is liable, responsible, legally bound.
libel
written defamation
slander
verbal defamation
assault
a deliberate attempt or threat to touch without consent
battery
unauthorized touching of another person
patient physician contract
The offer, The acceptance, The considerations
emancipated minor
a minor that is no longer under the care, custody or supervision of parents and that can legally consent to medical care are referred to as an
express consent
needed for proposed surgery or other invasive treatments will be performed, experimental drugs, unusual procedures that may involve high risk
exceptions to express consent
•minor procedures, only need an explanation by physician
•oral consent from patient
•notes must be entered in pt medical record
patient
has the right to accept or reject treatment, know the side effects of treatments, what the prognosis is, and treatment alternatives
withdraw of care
when a patient does not follow instructions for treatment, keep follow-up appointments or leaves the hospital against medical advice, the physician has the right to?
abandonment
When a physician terminates supervision of a patient without notifying the patient in writing it is called
sexual harassment
•unwelcome sexual advances
•requests for sexual favors
•verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature
•affects and interferes with individual's work performance
•creates an intimidating, hostile & offensive environment
•directly inform the harasser that the conduct is unwelcome and must stop
respondent superior
Latin for 'let the master rule' physicians are responsible for the actions of their staff
subpoena duces tecum
ask the custodian of records (or office manager) to accept it. it is a type of subpoena that requires a witness to appear in court with records.
medical records errors
•draw a single line through incorrect material
•date and add your initials
•note reason for the change
physician
the owner of the medical records
patient bill of rights developed
•to try remedy some recurring complaints about attitudes of treatment by physicians and administrators
•can help reduce malpractice suits often resulting from misunderstandings between patient, physician or hospital
house of delegates of the american hospital association
who developed the patient bill of rights?
prescription pads
•should be stored in safe place, locked cabinet
•minimize number of pads used at any one given time
•should be written in ink or typed and be written in numerical or roman numeral format
•limit amount dispensed at one time (30,60,90 tabs)
•amount of controlled substance on premises should be
kept at a minimum to prevent missing or stollen
•pads should not be signed in advanced
medical assistant
Has the right to work in a place free from sexual discrimination
libel
written statements (defamation)
seek parental approval in cases that are not sensitive or confidential
when treating minors, you should do this first
varies by state
the age of majority (legal age) in each states
arbitration
this is used when the patient and physician have agreed before treatment (proclaim agreement) that both will waive the right to a court trial in case of a dispute
make patient feel less anxious and well cared for
schedule follow-up appts, know how to reach the physician at all times, make sure the telephone is adequately covered at all times.
patient
have the right to refuse having observers present, such as medical students or residents
expressed
a direct verbal or written statement is a/an _______ contract
assumption of risk
when a patient understood the risks of a particular operation or other medical procedure and signed a document givieng informed consent, the physician can use this in their defense
unintentional
negligence is an example of this kind of tort
prescription pads
these should not be left around where they could be stolen and possibly used to obtain controlled substances
medical records information
permission must be given in writing before releasing these
slander
you should never make critical statements about the treatment given to a patient by another physician. If you do, it is considered?
1 or more
sexual harrassment cases can involve this number of people
moral
a principle of right and wrong in conduct
implied consent
only involve an explanation by the physician and oral consent by the patient, instead of a written express consent.
defamation
to slander or attack the reputation of an individual or group is?
confidential
describes everything seen, heard or read about a patient and does not leave the office
physician
This person is responsible for obtaining informed consent from a patient
ventral, anterior
opposite of dorsal
prone
opposite of supine
inferior, caudal
below another structure
sagittal
Plan that divides the body into right and left portions
proximal
near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
distal
opposite of proximal
superior, cephalic
above another structure
superficial
opposite of deep
superficial
on the surface of the body
vertebra
back bone
lateral
pertaining to the side
distal
far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure