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40 terms

BOnes

Information about Bones from chapter 6
STUDY
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Osteoporosis
Bone resorption outpaces bone deposit
Osteitis
Inlfammation of bony tissue
Axial and Appendicular
two main divisions of bones in skeleton
Flat bones
thin, flat,
Tuberosity
large rounded projection, may be roughened
Meatus
canal-like passageway
Trabeculae is located?
Spongy bone
Sharpley's fibers
connect periosteum to bone
Diploe
spongy bone in flat bones
Articular cartilage
hayaline, cushions bone ends
Osteoblasts
bone-forming
Displaced fracture
bone ends have moved
Wolffs Law
bone grows of remodels in respongs to demands placed on it
Closed reduction
bone ends moved by physican's hands
Bone spur
abmormal projection from a bone due to bony overgrowth, common in aging bones
3 types of cartilage tissue in body
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Axial skeleton
long axis of body
Hematopoieis
blood cell formation
trochanter
very large, blunt, irregulary shaped process
Facet
smooth, nearly flat articualar surface
Fossa
shallow, basinlike depression in a bone, often sevres as articular surface
Epiphyses
bone ends
periosteum
covers entire lone bone, double-layered membrane
Lacunae
hold osteocytes
2 types of ossification
Intramembranous ossification & endochondral ossification
4 major stages for repair of fractures
Hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, bondy callus formatoin, bone remodeling
Paget's Disease
Excessive and haphoazard bonde deposit & resorption
Perichondrium
fibrous connective tissude membrane covering extermal surface of cartilaginous structures
Most abundant cartilage in body?
Hyaline Cartilage
Part of external ear
Elastic Cartilage
Upper and Lower limbs
Appendicular Skeleton
Short bones
cube shaped, wrist & ankle
Tubercle
small rounded projection or process
Condyle
rounded articular projection
Process
any bony prominence
Head
bony expansion carried on a narrow neck
Groove
furrow
Compact bone
external layer, dense, looks smooth & solid
Diaphysis
fomrs long axis of bone
Epishyseal line
between diaphysis and epiphysis in adults