28 terms

WHAP: China

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White Lotus Rebellion
Took place during the Qing Dynasty.it was iniated by the followers of the white lotus movement
The Opium War
Also known as the first Opium war. This war changed china and Europe's relationships.
Taiping Rebellion
Also known as the Taiping Civil War. This was a massive rebellion in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864.
Self Strengthening Movement
took place from c. 1861 to 1895 took place in china. It was a period of institutional reforms during the late Qing Dynasty.
Boxer Rebellion
also known as the Boxer Uprising, erupted in Northern China.It took place from November 2,1889 to September 7, 1901. It was led by the Society of Righteous & Harmonious Fist. The Boxers killed Europeans and Chinese Christians and sieged Beijing.
Russo-Japanese War
took place from February 8, 1904 to September 5, 1905. This was a war between Russia and Japan. Japan and Russia had a rivalry about the land they were taking over due to strong imperialism
Qin Dynasty
Established the first centralized imperial government. This dynasty built much of the great wall. It ruled from 221 B.C.E.-206 B.C.E.
Han Dynasty
The second imperial dynasty, was founded in 206 bc after the Qin dynasty was successfully ended by Liu Bang. it lasted for four centuries and was considered the golden age of china. Founded in 206 B.C.E. -220 A.D.
Sui Dynasty
3rd dynasty, was short lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance. Unified the country. Ruled from 581-618.
Tang Dynasty
an imperial dynasty, it was followed by the 5 dynasties and the 10 kingdoms period. It is regarded as a high point in Chinese civilization, and a golden age of cosmopolitan culture. Ruled from 618-907.
Song Dynasty
culturally the most brilliant era. It was a time of great social and economic change, it shaped the intellectual and political climate of china. It ruled from 960-1279.
Ming Dynasty
a major dynasty that ruled China from 1368 to 1644. It was marked by great by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.
Qing Dynasty
the last Imperial Dynasty. It was overthrown by revolutionaries. During this time China was ruled by the Manchu. It was ruled from 1644 to 1911.
Qin Shihuangdi
First Chinese Emperor. A ruler from the western state of Qin and subjugated the warring states and formed China in 221 BC. He declared himself the first emperor of China.
Han Wudi
seventh emperor of the Han Dynasty. his reign lasted 54 years
Civil Service Exam
exams implemented in various countries for recruitment and admission to the civil service. they are intended as a method to achieve an effective, rational public administration on a merit system
Silk Road
an ancient network of trade routes that were for centuries central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the East and the West from China to the Mediterranean Sea
Yellow Turban Revolution
a peasant revolt in China against the Han dynasty. The uprising broke out in the year 184 during the reign of Emperor Ling
Xuanzang
was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who described the interaction between China and India in the early Tang dynasty
Equal Field System
or land-equalization system was a historical system of land ownership and distribution in China used from the Six Dynasties to mid-Tang dynasty.
Kangxi
the 4th emperor of the Qing Dynasty. the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanghai pass near Beijing
Guangzhou
port city northwest of Hong Kong on the Pearl River.
Qianlong
the 6th emperor of the machu led Qing dynasty. the 4th Qing emperor to rule over china.
Confucius
founder of Confucianism, a system of philosophical and ethical teachings founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius, he was a teacher and philosopher.
Daoism
A Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-Tzu, advocating humility and religious piety. Emphasizes living in harmony.
Legalism
the principles and practices of a school of political theorists advocating strict legal control over all activities, a system of rewards and punishments uniform for all classes, and an absolute monarchy.
Filial Piety
Confucian philosophy, a virtue of respect for one's parents, elders, and ancestors
Analects
a collection of short literary or philosophical extracts.
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