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Terms in this set (23)
What was the earliest literary genre?
Where does the word "tragedy" come from?
It is derived from the greek word for goat (goat song); which was also used as the prize at the festival of Dionysus
Who was the Dionysus?
The goddess of wine and fertility
Who is credited with the invention of greek tragedy?
What were Thespis' main accomplishments in theater?
He is credited with the addition of the first actor (hypokrites) and the creation of dialogue within a Greek play
What were the five parts of a Greek tragedy?
prologue, parados, episodes, odes, and exodus (in order)
What are the four conventions of Greek drama?
the three unities; oracles, prophecies, and soothsayers; messengers; and the chorus
What are the three unities?
unity of time, place, and action
What were the main roles of the chorus?
1. providing transitions from one scene to another
2. commenting on the action
3.announcing new characters arriving on stage
4. introducing messengers
5.giving advice to characters, but not giving direction to the plot
What is a tragic hero?
a good person, usually royal or prominent in society, that has a serious downfall. Their downfall is usually caused by faltering judgement (hamartia) and or huburis. Their suffering results in a growth of character.
How would the audience leave the theater feeling?
cleansed and purified (catharsis)
What is perpeteia?
the change of situation from good to bad; most important moment of the plot (coined by Aristotle)
What is Anagnorises?
a shift from ignorance to knowledges; a "recognition"
He preferred simple plots with grand and noble themes of divine order and inexorable fate. He added a second actor, increasing dialogue and decreasing the role of the chorus.
Who wrote Antigone?
What myth is Antigone based on?
The myth of Oedipus
Who is Niobe?
ancient queen of Thebes who had seven sons. Her sons were killed because she boasted of their greatness to Leto (father of Apollo and Artemis). Her tears are said to have become the river Acheron.
king whose punishment in the underworld was to suffer unending hunger and thirst
daughter of the ancient king of Argos who was locked in a bronze tower because of a prophecy about her future son killing the king. She is visited by zeus, and had his son Perseus. She and her son were put in a wooden box and thrown into the sea by the king. Zeus saved them and the boy ended up unknowingly killing his grandfather as predicted.
Dryas' son/ Lycygos
an ancient king of Thrace who disapproved of the worship of Dionysos and drove the god and his followers into the sea. He was punished by being imprisoned in a rocky cave and being blinded.
nine implacable sisters
the Muses, once they are offended they no longer offer their help or inspiration of literature, the arts, and the sciences
What is a tragedy ment to reaffirm?
the fact that life is worth living, regardless of the suffering or pain that is part of the human expirence
Who is the tragic hero in Antigone?
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