Geography Ch. 11 Test
Terms in this set (43)
Europe is the ____ largest continent.
The mountains of northwestern Europe create a _________ barrier between warm and cold _________.
The Danube flows from Germany to the _______ Sea.
The north European Plain is rich in agricultural lands, __________, and coal.
A fine, rich soil that is carried by the wind is known as _________.
A mild ___________ climate is found in most of southern Europe.
Hot, dry winds from Africa are called _________ .
How does the Netherlands protect its lowland areas?
The build dikes to hold back the sea.
Air currents from the Atlantic have difficulty reaching Eastern Europe, which keeps temperatures more mild in Western Europe, because of the __________.
The Pyrenees Mountains separate the ________ peninsula from the rest of Europe.
The British Isles include Ireland, Great Britain, and _________.
Iceland is known as the land of ice and ________.
What separates the Iberian Peninsula from Africa?
Strait of Gibraltar
Permafrost is found in northern ________.
What ocean currents bring warm waters to Western Europe?
Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Drift
Dry winds called ________ can cause avalanches.
Name a famous volcano on the Apennine Peninsula.
Jagged coastlines with fjords are characteristic of __________.
Western Scandinavia (Norway)
Europe's marine west coast climate has _____ winters, ______ summers, and ________ rainfall.
mild; cool; abundant
Only shrubs, grasses, and lichens will grow above the __________ in Europe's mountains.
_____________ are the geographic features found on the North European Plain.
fertile soils and rivers
Most of Western Europe has a ____________ climate.
marine west coast
A Mediterranean climate and chaparral vegetation will be found in _______ Europe.
The physical process that shaped the northern peninsulas was __________.
The Danube and the Rhine are two of the most important rivers in Europe because they ______________.
provide links between inland areas and the seas
The Dutch altered their natural environment by using __________.
windmills to drain the land and keep it dry
In order to study volcanoes and earthquakes geographers would travel to ___________.
Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Crete, and Cyprus
The Europeans enhanced their waterways as transportation links by _______________.
connecting navigable rivers with canals
Most of Europe find its large deposits of oil and natural gas for their energy needs in the ___________.
__________ accounts for the difference in Europe's northwestern and southern mountains.
The climates of western and southern Europe are different from those of eastern and northern Europe because of their relationship to ______________.
bodies of water
The Iberian Peninsula is cut off from the rest of Europe by the _________________.
canal linking the North and Black Seas
river in the northern Apennine Peninsula
river that runs through Paris, France
river that is the main waterway of England
site of vast oil and natural gas deposits
mainland peninsula of Denmark
dried vegetation used for fuel
island in the Mediterranean
The Emerald Isle
another name for Ireland
Explain why the climate of Paris is milder than that of an American city of the east coast at the same latitude.
The Gulf Stream carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico, heating the air, and prevailing westerlies bring this warm air to Western Europe. This phenomenon does not occur in the eastern United States.