Terms for Judaism in World Religions
Terms in this set (42)
The jewish holy book (or bible). The old testament.
One of the most important people in Jewish history. Lead the Jews in the Exodus and reestablished their covenant with God and received God's laws for the Jewish people.
The leaving of the Jews from slavery in Egypt. They were lead by Moses.
Adam and Eve
The first two humans created by God.
Made the covenant with God in which the Jews were named the "Chosen People". Founder of the Jewish religion.
Jewish mysticism. Kabbalists try to be closer to God through this mysticism.
Jews who accepted Jesus as the Messiah but wish to retain Jewish tradition.
A scholar and teacher of Judaism.
Prejudice and/or hatred of jews.
Commentary by later rabbis on issues raised in the Mishnah.
Hebrew form of monotheism, or belief in one god, that emphasizes proper conduct or ethics.
A jewish prayer in which the person praying says (something along the lines of) The lord is God and God is one.
Parts of theTorah that are considered religion law. The ten commandments are an example of this.
Hebrew word meaning "devastation". Term used for the Holocaust.
Oral law of the Jewish religion.
A movement to promote the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Stories or legends used to teach a lesson. Not considered divine law but merely a guideline as to how one should behave.
A promise or pact, usually made with God.
Some of the names for God are:
YHWH - personal name of the Hebrew God
Adonai - Hebrew word for "Lord"
Elohim - Generic Semitic name for God
Ein Sof - "The Unlimited"
Ha-She - "The Name"
A dispersion of the Jewish people from their homeland but maintaining their identity as a culture.
Jewish house of worship. A gathering of quorum.
What remains of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem (the foundation).
The ancestors of the Israelites, particularly Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
The second king of the Israelites. Defeated Goliath, the giant.
A term for the books of the Bible that make up the Hebrew canon.
A collection of authoritative Jewish writings that comment and interpret biblical laws.
To banish someone from their native country.
A jewish sect at the time of Jesus known for its strict adherence to the law.
Judah falls to Babylon / Babylonian exile begins.
Romans destroy 2nd temple and oppress local Jews.
The branch of theology that is concerned with such final things as death and judgment.
The awaited king of the Jews.
The 10 main Jewish laws on conduct.
1. You shall have no other gods before me
2. You shall not make idols
3. You shall not use the Lord's name in vain
4. Remember the Sabbath by keeping it holy
5. Honor your father and your mother
6. You shall not murder
7. You shall not commit adultery
8. You shall not steal
9. You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's house, his wife, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
13 Main principle in which all Jews must believe.
1. God exists
2. There is only one God.
3. God does not have a physical form, nor does he have physical needs.
4. God is eternal.
5. Don't pray to anyone but God.
6. God speaks to humans through prophets.
7. Moses is the primary prophet.
8.God gave Moses the Torah.
9.There will be no other Torah.
10. God sees all actions and hears all thoughts.
11. God rewards those who follow his rules and punishes those who don't.
12. One is to wait until the Messiah comes.
13. The dead will be resurrected when God pleases.
Purity is very important to Jews. It can be described as cleanliness and, to some Jews, Kosher.
Rules in regards to how Jews should eat, dress, etc. Mostly based on materials used, animal killed, and how it was killed.
The Jewish Sabbath; begins at sundown Friday and ends at sundown Saturday.
Rites of Passage
When a Jewish male is eight years old, he is circumcised and, when he is 13, he undergoes a Barmitsmfah which celebrated the transition into manhood. Nowadays, many girls also have something similar to a Barmitzfah called a Batmisfah.
Reform Jews are more liberal regarding their tradition and believe that the Jewish religion should change with time.
Conservative Jews lie somewhere in between Reform and Orthodox Jews. They believe that the religion should progress but should also retain the qualities that initially formed Judaism.
Orthodox Jews completely dedicate their lives to Judaism and adhere to Judaism the way it was when it was created.
Movement holding that Judaism is an evolving religious civilization.