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PBS UNIT 3 VOCAB
Terms in this set (41)
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume.
The pale yellow fluid portion of whole blood that consists of water.
Erythrocytes (Red Blood Cells)
Any of the hemoglobin-containing cells that carry oxygen to the tissues.
The percent of the volume of whole blood that is composed of red blood cells.
Leukocytes (White Blood Cells)
Any of the blood cells that are colorless, lack hemoglobin, and contains a nucleus.
Sickle Cell Disease
Individuals who are homozygous for the gene controlling hemoglobin S.
A minute colorless anucleate disklike body of mammalian blood.
An organic monomer which serves as a building block of proteins.
A triplet of nucleotide bases in tRNA that identifies the amino acid.
A three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid.
Having an attracrion for water.
Having an aversion to water.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA that specifies the primary structure of a protein.
A rare change in the DNA of a gene, ultimately creating genetic diversity.
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
The creation of a protein from a DNA template.
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with a ribose sugar and the nitrogenous bases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and uracil (U); usually single-stranded; functions in protein synthesis and as the genome of some viruses.
A cell organelle that functions as the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm.
The synthesis of RNA on a DNA template.
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
An RNA molecule that functions as an interpreter between nucleic acid and protein language.
The synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic information encoded in an mRNA molecule.
Any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a given locus.
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining sex, as opposed to a sex chromosome.
Any of the usually linear bodies in the cell nucleus that contain the genetic material.
A genetic trait is considered dominant if it is expressed in a person who has only one copy of the gene associated with the trait
A discrete unit of hereditary information.
Molecules responsible for heredity and variation of organisms.
All or part of the genetic constitution of an individual or group.
The transmission of traits from ancestor to descendant.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
A comprehensive set of standards and practices designed to give patients specific rights regarding their personal health information.
Chromosomes having the same or allelic genes with genetic loci usually arranged in the same order.
A display of the chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size and shape.
The cellular process that results in the number of chromosomes in gamete-producing cells being reduced to one half.
A process that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing cell, involves a series of steps, and results in the formation of two new nuclei each having the same number of chromosomes as the parent nucleus.
A rare change in the genetic material, ultimately creating genetic diversity.
A diagram of a family tree showing the occurrence of heritable characteristics in parents and offspring over multiple generations.
The observable properties of an organism that are produced by the interaction of the genotype and the environment.
One of the pair of chromosomes responsible for determining the sex of an individual.
A condition that appears only in individuals who have received two copies of a mutant gene, one copy from each parent.
A simple graphical way of discovering all of the potential combinations of genotypes of an offspring, given the parents' genotypes.
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