68 terms

Night By Elie Wiesel Vocabulary

NIght By Elie Wiesel Vocab
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Torah
(Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written
Talmud
A collection of authoritative Jewish writings that comment and interpret biblical laws.
Rabbi
A Hebrew title of respect for a Jewish scholar or teacher
Synagogue
(Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
Rosh Hashanah
(Judaism) a solemn Jewish feast day celebrated on the 1st or 1st and 2nd of Tishri
Yom Kippur
(Judaism) a solemn Jewish fast day
Cabbala
Jewish philosophy based on mystical interpretation of the scriptures
Passover
(Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
SS
A special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925, from the German word "Schutzstaffel, meaning protection squad.
Gestapo
German secret police
Selections
Euphemism for the process of choosing victims for the gas chambers in the Nazi camps by separating them from those considered fit to work
Final Solution
'The Final Solution for the Jewish Question' was the cover name for Hitler's plan to destroy all the Jews in Europe, It began in December 1941
Prostrate
Lying flat
Lamentation
Expression of regret or sorrow
Charnel
a repository for dead bodies
Encumbered
Hindered; restricted
Exterminate
To kill or destroy completely
Ghetto
A poor densely populated city district occupied by a minority ethnic group linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions
Truncheons
a short stick carried by the police
Expelled
Forced out
Oppressors
person who crushes or burdens by abuse of power or authority
Refuge
A person who has to leave his or her country to find safety.
Abyss
an extremely deep hole
Pestilential
Filled with disease; contagious
Indifferent
Having no preference
Abominable
Horrible or unpleasant
Revolt
organized opposition to authority
Lucidity
Clear understanding
Infernal
Hellish, fiendish
Nocturnal
Active at night
Bestial
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility
Kapos
a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp who was assigned by the SS guards to supervise forced labor or carry out administrative tasks.
Reverie
A daydream
Congealing
solidifying
Blandishments
coaxing by flattery
Cauldron
a large kettle or boiler
Interlude
A period of time between two events
Crucible
A severe test or trial
Annihilate
To destroy completely
Automatons
a person or animal that acts in a monotonous, routine manner, without active intelligence
Indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite;
Illusion
(n.) a false idea; something that one seems to see or to be aware that really does not exist
Stupefied
Stunned
Bereaved
Deprived or left desolate, especially through death
Encumbrance
A burden
Embarkation
beginning of a journey
Apathy
INDIFFERENCE
Kaddish
a prayer recited by Jewish mourners for the dead
Moishe the Beadle
a poor Jew who lives in Sighet and is deported before the rest of the Sighet Jews; after he escapes, he returns to tell the town what the Nazis are doing to the Jews.
shtibl
Jewish house of prayer
Sighet
Elie's hometown
Kabbalah
the name applied to the whole range of Jewish mystical activity and study; can also refer to one field of study aimed at understanding the revelations of Jewish mysticism
shekhinah
Represents God's dwelling and immanence in the created world; shares in the exiles w/Jews
Zohar
the most important text of Kabbalah; part of the Oral Torah
Elie Wiesel
Holocaust survivor and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate is the author of Night, about his experience at Auschwitz.
1944
The year Elie's Family was removed from his home and sent to the Ghetto
Responsibility to future generations
Reason why he told his story
Dr Mengele
When he arrives at Auschwitz, Eliezer encounters the historically infamous Dr. Mengele. Mengele was the cruel doctor who presided over the selection of arrivals at Auschwitz/Birkenau. Known as the "Angel of Death," Mengele's words sentenced countless prisoners to death in the gas chambers. He also directed horrific experiments on human subjects at the camp.
Fork and Spoon
Elie's inheritance from his father
pipel
male child prisoner who received special privileges by maintaining a relationship with a Kapo and the boy hung for sabotage
dysentery
infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhea with the presence of blood and mucus in the feces. Elie's father dies of this
perpetrators
ones who carry out or commit crimes
rescuers
hiding victims in attics or helping them escape example Schindler
bystander
the world that stood y and watched as the atrocities mounted
Martin Niemoller
wrote "first they came for the Jews"; Lutheran Pastor/former Nazi who spent 7 years on concentration after protesting nazi mistreatment
juliek
A young musician whom Eliezer meets in Auschwitz. Juliek reappears late in the memoir, when Eliezer hears him playing the violin after the death march to Gleiwitz.
Mrs. Schachter
lady on train that has vision of the furnace and beaten because she would scream and moan
colic
spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain