Upgrade to remove ads
History Midterm Cards
Terms in this set (119)
citizens survey a piece of land and choose their own 160 acre piece.
Pacific Railway Act
Gave land to railroad companies, as to build railways.
Granted 17 million acres to states
the 20,000 to 40,000 African-Americans that traveled west from the South.
U.S Department of Agriculture
Helped farmers adapt to their new environment by making new kinds of wheat, and adding new harvesting techniques.
Owned by companies and worked sort of like factories. These farms didn't help family farms.
An exoduster leader that led African-Americans to the West.
Famous western writer who was fascinated about Nebraska
Type of cattle that was resistant to the Texas Fever
Overland treks to eastern cities.
Free grazing lands
patented in 1874 by Joseph Glidden
inventor of barbed wire
Abilene and Dodge City
Both cities are well-known railhead sites.
Cheyenne and Ogollala
Ending towns for long drives.
biggest silver mine in the world.
Used mercury to extract silver ore
Used water to rip away gravel and dirt. Devastated the environment
Sinking deep shafts into the Earth to get ore
William H. Seward
U.S Secretary of State who bought Alaska from Russia.
Takes impurities out of molten iron with hot air.
Inventor of the compressed air brakes, which made railroads a whole lot safer.
Alexander Graham Bell
Inventor of the "talking telegraph", or telephone, which made it easier to communicate.
Thomas Alva Edison
Inventor of many things, including the lightbulb.
Thomas Edison's assistant in many of his inventions, including the lightbulb.
Form of "government" that includes no government interference in the economy
businesses let free of government regulation
No individual ownership of property, no freedom of the people.
Adopted Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection and evolution for the economy.
massive business that shares stock, and buyers are allowed dividends
Stocks sold to trustees to make one big business
complete control of a price and the quality of an item
Acquired companies that help his/her business
One companies control over others companies making the same product.
Leader of the steel industry, used "vertical integration" to make money
John D. Rockefeller
oil leader that used "horizontal integration" to make money.
Railroad pioneer who owned much of the railroad business
Designed and manufactured Railroad cars, and made many luxury cars.
Sherman Anti-trust Act
Act that attempted to ban monopolies and trust. Was very hard to defend, since it didn't have a real definition of monopoly and trust
Knights of Labor
Group of people that supported or caused strikes for workers to get better working conditions.
The phrase used to describe the riots and strikes that happened in 1886.
a riot that was supposed to end peacefully, but ended in deaths and wounded instead
People who oppose all forms of government
American Federation of Labor
Organized independent craft unions to advance the interests of the workers.
Parties that are successful in getting its members into office
People who dictated party position and made deals with business leaders
Acquisition of money or political power through illegal or dishonest methods.
Payment of part of the earnings from a job or contract.
Political boss of Washington whose board spent $20 million on civic improvements and new jobs in the nations capital.
Well-liked political boss of Kansas City, Missouri who provided jobs to the immigrants in the area
George Washington Carver
Political boss of Tammany Hall who explained "honest graft"
William Marcy Tweed
"Boss Tweed" as he was called, was leader of Tammany Hall who had a ring of supporters, who helped him get $200 million in graft.
Cartoon maker that exposed Boss Tweed and his ring to the public by putting his cartoons in "Harper's Weekly"
Era of which greed and corruption lurked below like the base material under the gold surface of a gilded object.
One-half of the republican party that split up.
Algonquin word for "big chiefs"
Pendleton Civil Service Act
A bill administering competitive examinations to people seeking government jobs. Done through Civil Service Commission.
James A. Garfield
President of the United States in 1881; Assassinated by Charles Guiteau.
Chester A. Arthur
Vice president for Garfield, who replaced him after Garfield was assassinated.
22nd and 24th president who opposed Tammany Hall while he was governor of New York.
Grandson of William Henry Harrison who ran against Grover Cleveland and won.
The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry, which tackled farmers' issues.
Organizations of farmers that grouped crops and other resources to sell or buy.
Interstate Commerce Act
Act that forbid railroads from giving refunds to large shippers, and from charging more for short runs.
Graduated Income Tax
Taxed higher at a higher rate
Each dollar was equal to and redeemable for a set amount of gold
Bland-Allison Act/Sherman Silver Purchase Act
Both acts had to do with required the government to buy silver for coins.
Coalition of Alliance members, farmers, labor leaders, and reformers.
Mary Elizabeth Lease
Effective speaker of the Alliance from Kansas
James B. Weaver
ran against incumbent Benjamin Harrison and Grover Cleveland in 1892; lost the election.
President of the United States who was assassinated, like Garfield.
William Jennings Bryan
Supported silver-backed currency and gained support from the populist party.
An increase in the gap between the rich and the poor
National Magazine, made by S.S McClure, explored the corruption in politics and business.
Investigative journalists focused on the vile and corrupt.
Writer in McClures that had her father's oil company go bankrupt by Standard Oil.
Documented urban political corruption in "The Shame of the Cities"
Ray Stannard Baker
Toured the nation in 1904 examining the plight of African-Americans
Ban on manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.
Women's Christian Temperance Union
Helped lead the crusade against alcohol
Barred manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcohol.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Organization focused on ending racial discrimination
National Urban League
Another Organization to fight for racial equality
Society of American Indians
Organization that addressed problems facing indians.
Architect who planned a design to redo Chicago
Ex-baseball player who preached that saloons were "the parent of crime and the mother of sin"
Headed the WCTU from 1879-1898
W.E.B Du Bois
African-American that supported African American rights and culture, but viewed Booker T. Washington's views in contrast.
the 10 million immigrants from 1800-1880
the 12 million immigrants from 1891-1910. came from many Eastern Europe and Asian countries.
The ocean voyage between the immigrants homeland and America. It was a very poor ride, due to the Atlantic ocean being so rough
Religious or non-religious aid organizations to help the ill in the community
Chinese Exclusion Act
Act that denied citizenship to Chinese people, and prohibited immigration of Chinese labor
Immigration Restriction League
Group of people that wanted to impose a literacy test to immigrants. were not successful
Leader of the Workingmen's party, who sought to get rid of Chinese workers to create jobs.
22nd and 24th president of the United States who voted the measure that literacy tests are needed to be in this country
large, multistory buildings
Forms of transportation that made traveling easier.
Residential communities outside of a city
French for "newly rich"
when "noveau riche" freely spend their money
poorly built apartment houses where the poor lived
Community service centers
Called to apply Christian beliefs to social problems
Inventor of the elevator, which made buildings easier to escalate
One of the Founders of the Hull House, which inspired all the community houses like it
Janie Porter Barrett
Founder of the first African-American settlement homes
Unitarian minister in Kalamazoo, Michigan, that had a church with "Social Gospel"
Compulsory Education Law
The law requiring parents to send children to school
A style of journalism that has the cartoon "The Yellow Kid" in it
City Beautiful movement
A movement that adopted ideas from a British planning movement called garden city
French word for "light play"
Style of music that included a "stomping" rhythm from the left-hand piano, and an improvised melody on the right
Creator of the style of teaching used today, called "learning by doing". he also introduced art, science, and history
Frederic Law Olmstead
Landscape architect who designed Central Park
Established many rules and regulations in football
Inventor of the game of basketball
Actor in the 1860's and 70's, played in William Shakespeare's plays at the time
"King of Ragtime", major contributor of ragtime.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
5. Plessy v. Ferguson
history notes chapter 16
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Apush Chapter 23
APUSH Unit 6 Identifications
Unit 4: Immigration & Industrialization
APUSH Chapter 23
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Immunology Exam 1
psych exam 2 practice questions/quizzes