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multiple meanings


The force in conflict with the protagonist, may be society, nature, fate, self, or another person


a theme, motif, symbol, or stock character that holds a familiar and fixed place in a culture's consciousness


a broad parody, one that takes a style or a form, and exaggerates it into ridiculousness


the moment of highest tension, at which the conflict comes to a head

deus ex machina

Literally "god from the machine." This is a plot device in which a person or thing appears "out of the blue" to help a character to overcome a seemingly insolvable difficulty.


poem meditating on death or mortality seriously


introduces the setting, characters, and basic situation

flat character

Not fully developed, we only know one side of the character


pride--the most common character flaw of tragic character


difference between what might be expected and what actually happens

mixed metaphor

a combination of metaphors that produces a confused or contradictory image ex: "the company's collapse left a mountain of debt in its wake"

omniscient narration

the narrator knows all of the actions, feelings, and motivations of all of the characters.


a humorous and often satirical imitation of the style or particular work of another author

point of view

mental position from which things are viewed

rhetorical modes-argumentation

presenting reasoning and argument to convince the reader


study of the history, meanings, and relationships of words

stream-of-consciousness narration

the narrator conveys a subject's thoughts, impressions, and perceptions exactly as they occur, often in disjointed fashion and without the logic and grammar of typical speech and writing


a form of metonymy in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole ex: "my wheels" for "my car"


a word or phrase that links different ideas

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