Cosmetology Vocab: Ch 12 pt 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Solution
The stable physical mixture of two or more substances
Solute
The substance that is dissolved in a solution
Solvent
The substance that dissolves the solute and makes a solution
Miscible
Liquids that are mutually soluble meaning that they can be mixed together to form stable Solutions
Immiscible
Liquids that are not capable of being mixed together to form stable Solutions
Suspensions
Unstable physical pictures of undissolved particles in a liquid
Emulsion
An unstable physical mixture of two or more immiscible substances plus a special ingredient called an emulsifier
Emulsifier
Ingredient that brings to a normally and come back with materials together and binds them into the uniform and fairly stable blend
Surfactants
Contraction of service active agents; substances that allow oil and water to mix or emulsify
Lipophilic
Having an affinity for or an attraction to fat and oils
Oil in water
Oil droplets emulsified in water
Water in oil
Water droplets emulsified in oil
Volatile alcohols
Alcohols that evaporate easily
Alkanolamines
Alkaline substances used to neutralize acids or raise the pH of many hair products
Ammonia
Colorless gas with a pungent odor there's composed of hydrogen and nitrogen
Glycerin
Sweet, Colorless, oily substance used as a solvent and as a Moisturizer in skin and body creams
Silicones
Special type of oil used in hair conditioners, water resistant lubricants for the skins, and nail polish dryers
Volatile organic compounds
Compounds that contain carbon and evaporate very easily
pH
Abbreviation used for potential hydrogen. pH represents the quantity of hydrogen ions
Ion
An atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge
Ionization
The separation of an atom or molecule into positive and negative ions
Anion
An ion with a negative electrical charge
Cation
An ion with a positive electrical charge
pH scale
A measure of the acidity and alkalinity of a substance; the pH scale has a range of 0 to 14, with seven being neutral. A pH below 7 is an acidic solution while a pH above 7 is an alkaline solution
Acidic solution
A solution that has a pH below 7
Alkaline solution
A solution that has a pH above 7
Logarithm
Multiples of 10
Alpha hydroxyl acids
Acids derive from plants of are often used to exfoliate the skin
Thioglycolic acid
Chicago's liquid or white crystals with a strong unpleasant odor that is used in permanent waving Solutions
Glycolic acid
Alpha hydroxy acid using exfoliation in to lower the pH of products
Alkalis
Also known as bases; compounds that react with acids to form salts