A set of beliefs, traditions, and practices; the sum total of social categories and concepts we embrace in addition to beliefs, practices, and surroundings; that which is not the natural envirronment around us.
taking into account the differences across cultures without passing judgement or assigning value.
the distinct cultural values and behavioral patterns of a paticular group in society; group having social, economic, or ethnic traits distinctive enough to distinguish it from others within the same culture or society.
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn to function as a member of that society.
the idea that culture is a projection of social structure and realtionships into which public sphere, a screen onto which the film of the underlying reality or social structures of our society is projected. (The culure is reflected by media but media is not reflected by culture)
a historical process in which a dominate group, by virtue of its moral and intellectual leadership in a society, secures the voluntary "consent" of the masses.
the steady acquisition of material possesions, often with the belief that happiness and fulfillment can thus be achieved.
member of a triad who attempts to resolve conflict between the two other actors in the group.
the new third member of a triad who benefits from conflict between the other two members of the group.
Divide et impera
a member of a triad who intentionally drives a wedge between the other two actors of the group.
a group characterized by face-to-face interaction, a unifocal perspective, lack of formal arrangements, and a certain level of equality.
a group characterized by the presence of a formal structure that mediates interaction and, consequently, status differentiation.
social groups, such as family or friends, composed of intimate face-to-face realtionships that strongly influence the attitudes and ideals of those involved.
groups marked by impersonal, instrumental relationships (those existing as a means to an end).
a group that helps us understand or make sense of our position in society relative to other groups.
a set of relations - essentially, a set of dyads - held together by ties between individuals.
Strength of weak ties
the notion that often relatively weak ties turn out to be quite valuble beecause they yeild new information.
a gap between network clusters, or even two individuals, if those indiviuals (or clusters) have complementary resources.
the information, knowledge of people or things, and connections that help people enter into preexisting networks or gain power in them.
any social network that is defined by common purpose and has boundary between its membership and the rest of the world.
the shared beliefs and behaviors within a social group; often used interchangably with corporate culture.
the ways in which power and authority are distributed within an organization.