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chapter 3 community
Terms in this set (34)
community health is affected by what?
"fulfill society's interest in assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy
what is the mission of public health?
national board of public health examiners(NBPHE)
this board was established to ensure that graduates from schools and programs of public health accredited by the council on education of public health(CEPH) have mastered the knowledge and skills relevant to contemporary public health
environmental health sciences
social and behavioral sciences
the national examination covers what 5 core ideas
basic public health and sciences
financial planning and management skills
leadership and system thinking
what are some core competencies for public health professionals developed by the council on linkages between academia and public health practice?
health agencies and health departments must preform what functions, that protect and promote health, wellness, and quality of life and to prevent disease,injury,disability, and death?
this is defined as the regular and systematic collection, assemblage, analysis, and communication on health of the community
this is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and events in specified populations and the application of this study to the prevention and control of health problems
referring to a health effect, brief exposure of high intensity
this referring to a health-related state lasting a long time.
the constant presence of a disease or infectious agent within a geographic area or population group
the occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness, specific health-related behavior, or other health-related events clearly in excess of normal
any departure, subjective or objective, from a state of physiologic or psychologic well-being; in this sense, sickness, illness, and morbid condition are similarly defined and synonymous
this is related to death
in epidemiology, a general term describing the frequency of a disease or other attribute or event in a population without distinguishing between incidence and prevalence
an epidemic occuring over a very wide area and usually affecting a large proportion of the population
this is the number of instances of a given disease or other condition in a given population at a designated time; when used without qualification, term usually refers to the situation at a specified point in time
this is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, interpretation of health data essential to planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health
this relates primarily to susceptibility and resistance to disease through BIOLOGIC IMMUNITY, knowledge and cognition, behavior, modification, screening, and personal power
these are the bilogic or mechanical means of causing disease, illness, injury, or disability, such as microbial, parasitic, viral, or bacterial pathogens or vectors; physical or mechanical irritants; chemicals; drugs; trauma; and radiation
this include physical, sociocultural, sociopolitical, and economic components.
these are factors that are inborn or genetically determined
these are factors which influence health and are obtained after birth and throughout life, include multiple factors such as infections, trauma, cultural characteristics, and spiritual values
mandala of health
this is the model of human ecosystem
in the mandala of health, these are the range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that determine the health status of individuals or populations
in the mandala of health this determinant includes family, community, income, education, gender, race/ethnicity, place of residence, and access to health care
this is a model that is commonly used in public health practice; it provides a basic flow chart of steps in a process to 1. asses 2. plan 3. implement 4. evaluate
community health improvement process
this is described as a comprehensive approach for communities to achieve sustained improvements in community health
community oral health assessment
A multifaceted process of identifying factors that affect the oral health of a selected population to determine resources and interventions for oral health improvement
social, demographic, political, economic, and technologic changes
what is community health affected by?
this term is used to describe a comprehensive description of the community
this refers to information that is objective and measurable. the data can be expressed in a quantity or amount
for ex- the percentage of children with dental sealants, percentage of children or adults with untreated tooth decay
this refers to information that cannot be numerically measured or analyzed but reflects the quality of nature of factors influencing a health problem
for ex- personal interviews, descriptions of tradition, and the history of the community
community health assessment efforts are applied to evaluate what?
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