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Terms in this set (34)

1) Individual Family and Wellness
definition: strong families promote individual well-being (wellness pertains to physical and emotional well-being)
SL project- Politics can impact families (immigrants, publicly funded programs, ie. food stamps) our project promotes voting and understanding what drives voter turnout and how we can get people to the polls.
2) Sense of Community
definition: a sense of belonging, a mutual commitment that links individuals in a collective unity.
SL project- obtaining a better understanding of how voters feel their voice is being heard/if their voice counts or even matters.
3) Respect for Human Diversity
definition: balanced with values of social justice and sense of Community. Understanding diverse groups/persons while promoting fairness, seeking common ground and avoiding fragmentation
SL project- We are planning on interviewing people on a multi-level "stratum" of groups at BSU to obtain diverse data in understanding views from all persons with different demographics.
4) Social Justice
definitions: Distributive: concerns allocation of resources, often concerned with advocacy. Procedural: whether process of collective decision making include a fair representation of citizens
SL project- our social justice is more procedural as we are attempting to promote fairness and unbiased research.
5) Empowerment and Citizen participation
definition: perspective in the consideration of power dynamics in individual relationships, organizations, and communities. Empowerment is aimed at enhancing the possibilities for people to control their own lives, a process that works across many levels and contexts. Citizen participation doesn't automatically lead to better decisions. Groups do not always consider how their decisions will affect the rights and needs of others.
SL project- we are empowering individuals by giving them a voice and allowing them the opportunity to share their opinion on an important topic.
6) Collaboration and Community Strengths
definition: involves relationships between community psychologists and citizens and the process of their work
SL project- we are collaborating with many professors and organizations to create this experiment.
7) Empirical Grounding
definition: Refers to the integrating research with community action.
SL project- after we have gathered our research we intend to bring it back to the partners so they can bring it to their clients and implement the findings towards implementing it towards further elections.
Idaho Voices is working towards determining the cause of low voter turn-out rate among young adults. They seek to find answers such as what barriers or constraints are preventing this group of individuals from voting. As well as what would incentives them to vote.

Beliefs about what scientific knowledge is, through what methods it is obtained, and how it is related to action.)
Positivist-
o Common elements important in psychology are:
Pursuit of objectivity and value-free neutrality in research
Ultimate goal of understanding cause and effect relationships
Hypothesis testing with control of extraneous factors to clarify cause and effect.
Measurement as the source of data
o Believe no research is truly objective yet seek to reduce biases and build shared understandings as much as possible.
o Adapt experimental methods
Constructivist-
o Assume that knowing occurs in a relationship and is a product of a social connection between researcher and research participant.
Emphasis on knowing through connection, collaboration, and mutual understanding is particularly emphasized in qualitative research and some feminist research.
o Seek to understand a particular social context and what it means to the people who experience it
What having schizophrenia means for the person and their family.
Critical Approach-
o Assume knowledge is shaped by power relationships created and maintained by social institutions and belief systems.
o They ask questions about who has the power to state what is true, and who is able to define the nature of research relationships.
o Put responsibility on the researcher to recognize and question one's own position in social systems and how this affects research.


Mine: positivism because of all the ultimate goal of understanding cause and effect. But also there is a little bit of a constructivist, because we would be reaching out to students and collaborating with them to see why they aren't voting and applying meaning to the data. Research methods that best serve my group include quantitative methods because we are trying to get as much data as possible to obtain a better understanding for a certain "population" or age group of people. We will do this through electronic surveys.
a. Participatory Research- is not a "noble sacrifice" by researchers; it involves rewards and costs for researchers and community members.
i. Can involve experimental methods
1. Working with advocates and battered women
2. Women's shelters
ii. Limitations:
1. Time-consuming
2. Unequal relationships-researcher participant
3. Participation by some citizens in research decisions opens them to criticism by other community members displeased by the methods findings
a. Findings respecting wishes of community panel members for private rather than public involvement.
b. Collaborative Research- both parties having some degree of choice and control with open communication, compromise, and respect regarding those choices.
i. Each partner brings unique resources to the shared work.
ii. Address issues of control and avoiding exploitation
iii. The practice of conducting this type of research involves values, emotions, personal relationships, and resolving conflicts.
iv. Researchers need not only an intellectual understanding of the issues involved, but also social-emotional insight and skills.
v. Often leads to personal change for citizens and researchers.
vi. Often able to gain key insights into community processes and learn things that we would not have otherwise known using more traditional approaches to research.
vii. Interpreting results:
viii. Building interpersonal relationships need to be develop
1. Examples:
a. Including community stakeholders as part of a research team.
b. Creating a new panel, to create relationships within community.