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24 terms

American Revolution

STUDY
PLAY
Natural Rights
Rights that belong to every human being from birth
Sedition
Stirring up a rebellion against the government
Impressment
Practice of seizing sailors on American ships and forcing them to serve in the British army
Guerrilla
Fighter who works as part of a small band to make hit-and-run attacks
Cavalry
Unit of troops in horseback
Embargo
Government order that forbids foreign trade
Blockade
Shutting off a port or road to prevent people or supplies from coming or going
Militia
Organized body of armed volunteers
George Washington
Commander of Continental Army, 1st president
Nathaniel Hale
Spy in culper spy ring caught and hung by the British
Loyalists
Colonists who sided with the British during the American Revolution
Patriots
Colonists who wanted to fight the British for independence
Treaty of Paris
Peace treaty that ended the American Revolution and granted the United States all land south of Canada
Declaration of Independence
Drafted in 1776 by T. Jefferson declaring America's separation from Great Britain (3 parts-New theory of government, reasons for separation, formal declaration of war and independence)
13 colonies
Virginia, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Delaware, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
Battle of Saratoga
battle known as the "turning point" for the Continental Army and the French decided to join the Patriot side of the war
Battle of Yorktown
The last major battle of the Revolutionary War. With the help of French navy British surrendered in 1781.
Benjamin Franklin
Ambassador to France to secretly secure French aid during the Revolutionary War.
Lexington and Concord
First battle of Revolutionary War in which British went to seize military supplies. Colonists warned by Paul Revere and William Dawes.
Valley Forge
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Rights of the Declaration
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
Battle of Trenton
General Washington crossed Delaware River and surprised the Hessian troops guarding Trenton and took most of them prisoner. Americans won and Washington gained reputation as a brilliant general.
Revolutionary Spy methods
Used coded and masked messages as well as invisible ink to secretly communicate during the War