22 terms

Age of Exploration

People, places, events, ideas, and terms from World History II Age of Exploration and the East - Effects of Exploration
Columbian Exchange
An exchange of people, plants, animals, goods, ideas, technology from the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) to the New World (North and South America) and vice versa.
Commercial Revolution
new money and banking systems, mother countries used colonies to build up wealth
An economic policy adopted by European colonial powers to increase their wealth and power by extracting resources from the colonies, manufacturing goods, then exporting goods to the colonies for profit.
Colonies only exist to benefit mother countries.
permanent settlement of people who have left their native country - completely controlled by the native, or "mother" country
Henry the Navigator
prince of Portugal who organized a navigation school for sailors, cartographers, and shipbuilders
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Christopher Columbus
In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean _________.
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government to find a passage to the Far East. He is given credit for discovering the "New World," even though at his death he believed he had made it to India. He made four voyages to the "New World." The first sighting of land was on October 12, 1492, and he made three other journeys until the time of his death in 1503.
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition to sail completely around the world, reached the Philippines and circumnavigated the world
An instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic
to sail around the world
Line of Demarcation
1494 - Imaginary north to south line running down the middle of the Atlantic and granted Spain control of land west of the line (Americas) and Portugal land east of the line (Africa).
Zheng he
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor with a series of trading and exploration voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.
A Spanish conqueror of the Americas
Hernan Cortes
1485-1547, Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Francisco Pisarro
Conquistador, conquered Incas; sough gold; justified actions though the spread of Christianity
A Native American people who built a notable civilization in western South America in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The center of their empire was in present-day Peru. Francisco Pizarro of Spain conquered the empire.
(1200-1521) 1300, they settled in the valley of Mexico. Grew corn. Engaged in frequent warfare to conquer others of the region. Worshipped many gods (polytheistic). Believed the sun god needed human blood to continue his journeys across the sky. Practiced human sacrifices and those sacrificed were captured warriors from other tribes and those who volunteered for the honor. Tenochtitlan (mexico city) built on a lake. Montezuma was their leader.
Classic culture emerging in southern Mexico and Central America contemporary with Teotihuacan; extended over broad region; featured monumental architecture, written language, calendrical and mathematical systems, highly developed religion.
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory
A grant by the Spanish Crown to a colonist in America conferring the right to demand tribute and forced labor from the Indian inhabitants of an area.
3 G's
God, Glory, and Gold - motives for European exploration

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