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Laws Civics Unit 3
Terms in this set (50)
allows states to keep an armed militia OR guarantees the rights of citizens to "keep & bear arms"
Government cannot ban printed materials or films because they contain offensive ideas.
A formal request
A court order allowing law enforcement officials to search a suspects home or business and take evidence.
Use of established legal procedures.
Prohibition - it was illegal to sell, transport or own alcohol in the U.S.
Congress has the power to collect Income Tax.
Voters in each state elect their Senators directly
Women gain the right to vote
Security deposit to ensure the accused will appear in court.
Lawsuits involving disagreements among people rather than crimes.
Changes dates of Congressional and Presidential terms - Shortened The Lame Duck Period for Presidents
Someone being forced to testify against themselves.
The right of the government to take private property as long as they give just compensation to the property owner.
Repeal of Prohibition or Cancelled the 18th amendment ( Alcohol is legal again)
The right to vote
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition
Citizens in D.C. now have the right to vote in National Elections.
President limited to two terms or 10 years in office.
Soldiers may not move into private homes without the owner's consent.
Outlawed poll taxes.
Protects against unreasonable search & seizures.
Protection from Self-Incrimination
Right to Due Process
Protection from Double Jeopardy
Requires accused people be told the charges against them.
Guarantees a trial by jury
Trials must be speedy & with impartial jurors.
Right to hear & question witnesses against them.
Accused people are entitled to a lawyer.
Established procedures for succession to the presidency in case of illness or death.
Changed the voting age from 21 to 18.
Delay Congress pay raise until their term is over.
Right to a jury trial in cases involving more than $20.
Forbids excessive bail & excessive fines & Forbids cruel & unusual punishment.
Citizens have rights beyond those listed in the Constitution .
Any powers the Constitution does not specifically give to the national government are reserved for the states.
Citizen's of one state cannot sue the government of another state.
separation of the races.
Speaking false information.
Someone tried & found not guilty cannot be put on trial again for the same crime.
Printing false information
The freedoms we have to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair treatment. These are the cornerstone of our democracy
Being singled out by law enforcement officers as a suspect because of the way you look.
a formal charge by a group of citizens who review evidence collected by the government.
unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Prohibited discrimination in public facilities, employment, education, & voter registration.
The rights of full citizenship and equality under the law.
programs put into place to make-up for past discrimination.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Worked through the courts to challenge laws that denied African Americans their rights.
Dr. Martin Luther King
The main leader of the Civil Rights Movement
Encouraged African Americans to participate in Non-violent resistance
How we elect our president in the Electoral College
Outlawed slavery, freeing thousands of African Americans
Defined citizens as anyone born in the United States, which included African Americans. Also nationalized the Bill of Rights - states could not interfere. Right to Due Process of Law to all citizens
No state can take away a person's voting rights on the basis of race
Name for the group of citizens who review evidence and give indictments on citizens.
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