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Women's Liberation Movement: 1960's-70's (1/30/17)
Terms in this set (22)
Civil Rights disillusionment
some WOMEN begin the civil rights movement because they're not being treated the same. They need to separate in order to advocate for THEIR issues
women identified as minority
51% of population are women, but still have legal status as minority :/
women' status 1960
50% voters, 40% of workforce outside the home (still make 50 cents to the dollar compared to men !!!! :/ )
-status hasn't really improved
2nd wave feminism
broadened the debate to a wide range of issues: sexuality, family, the workplace, reproductive rights, de facto inequalities, and official legal inequalities
Co-founder of NOW (National Orginization of Woman), was an investigative journalist, wrote "The Feminine Mystique," an account of HOUSEWIVES lives in which they suboordinated their own aspirations to the needs of men; bestseller was an inspiration for many women to join the women's rights movement
"The Feminine Mystique" 1963
written by Betty Friedan, journalist and mother of three children; described the problems of middle-class American women and the fact that women were being denied equality with men; said that women were kept from reaching their full human capacities
"Containment of Women"
lower class women do not understand this and think these women's problems are small compared to theirs. They do not get to stay home, they have to work many hours of the day to support their families
1960's counter culture
A variety of cultural movements against the norms of society. While Yippies were the political activists , Hippies were the activists of another kind. they focused on culture, not politics. They wanted to change the accepted mainstream society. sex, drugs, and rock n roll. Summer of Love, LSD was legal till 1968
The Pill, 1960
Margaret Sanger creates the pill, not widely available, couldn't get it if your doctor didn't approve. However, women finally have control over their body
Assistant secretary of labor and director of the Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor under President Kennedy
PCSW (Presidential Commission on the Status of Women.)
This was established to advise the president on issues concerning women (especially their place in the workforce).
identifying the fact that women get paid less, less social security, only man was getting social security. so if you weren't married, you get nothing. women could get fired if they got pregnant :/
Title 7 of the Civil Rights Act (E.E.O.C.)
Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, religion, and gender at the workplace and created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
-women don't like that this group is focusing more on race than gender
NOW national organization for women
Formed because EEOC focused on race instead of gender.
The organization working for equal employment opportunities for women which Betty Friedan helped found in 1966
WITCH (women's international terrorist conspiracy from hell)
the name of several related but independent feminist groups active in the United States as part of the women's liberation movement during the late 1960s.
An American feminist, journalist, and social and political activist who became nationally recognized as a leader of, and media spokeswoman for, the women's liberation movement in the late 1960s and 1970s.
-went to investigate Playboy
Ms. Magazine, 1971
-goes by "Ms." because she thinks women shouldn't be identified by their marital status. Gives a different look on feminism, you don't need to be manly or lesbian to be a feminist
-Founded by Gloria Steinem and several other women, provided viewpoints of feminist issues and familiarized its audience with the arguments and issues of the women's movement.
(1954-1975) a prolonged war between the communist North Vietnam, supported by the Chinese, and the non-communist South Vietnam, supported by the US
-U.S. tried to help but failed
first war that women could enlist from beginning to end. Still had limited roles, but this war helped to diversify that
heads Weathermen (terrorist group), dozen bombs at federal buildings, no casualties, turns self in, FBI so corrupt charges weren't kept cause tamper with evidence. no one goes to jail because of this
ERA: Equal Rights Amendment, 1972
"Equal rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on the account of sex" - Alice Paul, 1923. Finally passes in 1972. Now needs to be ratified
Roe v. Wade, 1973
established national abortion guidelines; trimester guidelines; no state interference in 1st; state may regulate to protect health of mother in 2nd; state may regulate to protect health or unborn child in 3rd. inferred from right of PRIVACY established in Griswald v. Connecticut
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