The American Revolution
Terms in this set (47)
The reason Great Britain wanted to control the colonies was to remain a
To maintain economic control over the colonies, Great Britain imposed strict control over
Great Britain required the colonists to trade this for goods made in Great Britain
To enforce political control over the colonies, Great Britain required the colonies to follow British laws that were enforced by
Colonial Governors were appointed by whom?
The law making bodies of the colonies; these were monitored closely by colonial governors
French and Indian War
Great Britain's desire to remain a world power resulted in a conflict with the French known as the
Ohio River Valley
The French and Indian War was fought between Great Britain and France to control the
The winner of the French and Indian War
1. Raise revenue to pay for the French and Indian War
2. To maintain troops in the colonies
Great Britain's reasons for raising taxes on the colonists
Proclamation of 1763
This prevented colonists from moving WEST of the Appalachian Mountains to protect the colonists from Native Americans
The Stamp Act
This is a tax on paper goods
The Townshend Act
A tax on all imported goods from Great Britain like glass, lead, paint, and tea.
The Tea Act
A tax that allowed the British East India Tea Company to sell tea directly to the colonists.
The Boston Tea Party
This event took place to protest the Tea Act
The Sons of Liberty, led by Samuel Adams and Paul Revere
Who is responsible for the Boston Tea Party
The Boston Massacre
This event occurred when colonists taunted British soldiers. Shots were fired and many colonists died
The Intolerable Acts
These taxes were put into place because the King was angry about the Boston Tea Party
1. Boston Harbor was closed
2. colonists had to house and feed British soldiers
3. Massachusetts was placed under military control.
The effects of the Intolerable Acts
The only original colony not to attend the First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress
Colonists decided to stop all trade with Great Britain and start training men to fight at this meeting
Rights that cannot be taken away; life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Key Philosophies of the Declaration of Independence
1. All men are created equal with unalienable rights
2.Government derives its power from the people
3. Government is created to protect the rights of the people
4. If a government abuses its power, the people have a right and duty to change it
Declaration of Independence
Approved on July 4, 1776
The colonies state that they ought to be free from Great Britain (Great Britain does not recognize yet)
The Commander of the Continental Army
Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses. He inspired colonial patriotism with his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
The major author of the Declaration of Independence.
King George III
The British king during the Revolutionary War Era.
Made a daring ride through Massachusetts warning of British arrival.
Was an enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence. She eventually gained her freedom.
A prominent member of the Continental Congress who helped frame the Declaration of Independence. He also helped gain French support for the Americans.
Wrote Common Sense to encourage Americans to join the Patriot cause.
Thomas Jefferson used the philosophies (ideas) of this man when writing the Declaration of Independence. He believed people have natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere
Leaders of the Sons of Liberty.
Championed the cause for independence and was a member of the committee to write the Declaration of Independence.
Leader of the British Army who surrendered to George Washington at the Battle of Yorktown
Marquis de Lafayette
French commander who assisted the colonists by blocking the Chesapeake Bay at the Battle of Yorktown
Lexington and Concord
The first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War
The Olive Branch Petition
A letter to King George III that state war could be avoided if he allowed them to govern themselves.
Battle of Bunker Hill
The first major battle of the American Revolution. It proved that the colonists would fight bravely to gain their freedom.
The Treaty of Paris
The end of the war and when Great Britain officially recognized the United States as an independent nation.
Battle of Yorktown
The last battle of the American Revolution when Cornwallis was forced to surrender to Washington
Was written by Thomas Paine. It told the colonists that King George the III was acting like a "royal brute" and they should join the Patriot cause.
Battle of Saratoga
Was the turning point of the war. France joined the American fight and the British were removed from New England.
Second Continental Congress
1. Where the Olive Branch Petition was written
2. Where George Washington was named commander of the Continental Army
3. Where the Declaration of Independence was written
1. Defended their own land, principles, and beliefs
2. Support from France
3. Strong Leadership
Why were the Americans able to win the war?
Battle of Trenton
The battle planned by Washington to boost his troops morale (spirits)