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art medium of Myron and Phidias who created the high classical blend of realism and idealism
not known for its originality, Rome's strength was in ____ and ____ elements of other cultures
absorbing and assimilating
rejected divine force, preached against superstition, the best life was one of pleasure
trust in divine providence and reason, desire only what is under your control, virtue, condoned suicide
author of Natural History (dedicated to Emperor Vespasian) also wrote letters, one described the __and was his last
Pliny the Younger
the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, he was an eye witness from a boat in the Bay of Naples
3 features of the Pantheon
domed, dedicated to all god, lighted with an oculus in the roof, portico with granite columns
Old Testament historical periods:
Period of the Patriarchs
Period of the ______________________
Period of the Conquest
The United Monarchy
divided Kingdom and _______________
why fish are significant symbols in Christianity
Greek word for Fish which is an acronym for "Jesus Christ, God's Son, Savior"
was Augustine of Hippo's view of history linear or cyclical? Why is that important?
Linear- In a straight line from God and ends at the last judgment, rejects cyclical Pagan notions
Constantinople fell to ____ this lead to...
the Turks, the city becoming Muslim and Hagia Sophia a mosque, city renamed Istanbul
how the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna differs from the traditional basilica design
it is an octagon and not cruciform like most basilica-styled churches, it has a short nave
define the term iconoclast
someone who engages in the destruction of religious symbols or established dogma or beliefs
Pope Gregory I contributed to the music of the Catholic Church by codifying its chants; later called ___ chants, in honor of his work.
three themes of Everyman
death comes for every man, earthly things abandon the dying, the importance of the sacraments, good deeds are what stay with you
the poem that celebrates a battle between the Frankish army and a Muslim force at the Spanish border is
Song of Roland
Saint Thomas Aquinas tried to reconcile __ and __
reason and revelation, the human and the supernatural
had a deep knowledge of Latin literature
was an important civil servant
made a translation of the "Romance of the Rose"
served as a customs agent
people who whipped themselves out of religious devotion; often hysterical about catastrophe
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