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17 terms

Byzantine Empire: Regular World History

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Byzantine Empire
eastern half of the former Roman empire
Constantinople
capital of the Byzantine Empire; relatively easy to defend, good geographic position for trade
Justinian the Great
legacy includes commissioning the Hagia Sophia and consolidating Roman law codes
Theodora
Justinian's empress; encouraged him to risk his life to quiet a rebellion
Justinian's Code
a collection of laws written in Latin and consolidated by a Byzantine emperor
Kievan Rus'
Vikings who settled just north of the Byzantine empire and borrowed extensively from them
Great Schism
the pope/antipope crisis
Hagia Sophia
means "holy wisdom;" this church was biggest structure in the Byzantine empire; incorporated Roman dome into its architecture
Ottoman Turks
defeated the Byzantine empire
mosaics
small squares assembled into a whole; frequently used in art in the Byzantine empire
Nika Riots
rebellion of free peasants against taxes they perceived as unfair; led to the slaughter of 30,000 people
byzantine
highly complex, intricate and involved
elements common to both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches
belief in Jesus Christ, the Bible, sacraments, overall leadership (minus the pope)
disagreements between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches
whether the communion bread should be leavened, whether the pope should be the head of the church, language used to conduct church services, whether priests should be allowed to marry, views on divorce
catholic
means universal
orthodox
means correct form
onion dome
innovative application of the dome, most associated with Russia (Kievan Rus')

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