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15 terms

Feudal Japan: Regular World History

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Feudal system
An order of society in which people are given different levels of power according to their job and status, with reciprocal obligations
Emperor
The nominal ruler over Japan. He was looked up to by all of his people, but held little power.
Shogun
The most important and powerful figure in society. He was in charge of military and all the decisions made in this field. He was ranked under the emperor, but held more power.
Samurai
A japanese warrior (similar to a knight) who worked for the bushi. They brought justice and order to the community and protected their people.
Peasant/serf
A worker who provided food and labor for the estate
Bushido
Meaning 'Way of the warrior', Bushido was a strict code of conduct the samurai followed.
Ways Japan's geography influenced its developments
cultural diffusion from China, relatively isolated: easier to protect; lots of mountains: difficult to unify
Similarities between European and Japanese fortresses
same primary function (defense) and overall defenses (moats, trapdoors, etc.)
Differences between European and Japanese fortresses
building materials (e.g. stone vs. wood), architectural styles
Primary weapons used by European knights
sword, lance, kite shield
Primary weapons used by samurais
katana, bow and arrow
Material used in Japanese equivalent of chain mail
llamelar
Most important element of bushido
loyalty to lord and family honor
Seppuku
within samurai culture, suicide to restore honor
Buddhism's influence on Japanese culture
artistic developments, garden designs, tea ceremony

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