23 terms

Islamic Expansion Unit

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Arabia
location/ region where the Islamic faith began
Koran
The Islamic holy book, believed to be the word of God as revealed to Muhammad. Written in Arabic.
Mosque
a place of worship for followers of Islam.
Allah
The word for God in Islam
Islam
means "Submission or surrender" in Arabic
Muslim
a follower of the religion of Islam.
Muhammad
Founder of Islam; believed to be God's final prophet. God's word was revealed to him and his teaching became the Koran.
prophet
a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God
Mecca
The holiest city of Islam. It is the site of the sacred Kaaba shrine. Muslims are required to travel there at least once in their life; a Hajj.
Medina
the city where Islam begins in 622
5 Pillars
basic duties performed by Muslims
Arabic
the language of the Koran and Muslim cultures
Kaaba
the holiest shrine of Islam, located in Mecca
Sharia
Islamic laws based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of Islam
Sunni
the majority of muslims are from this branch of Islam
Shia
the minority of muslims are from this branch of Islam; located mostly in Iraq and Iran
Algebra
first developed by Muslim mathmaticians
Oasis
a fertile spot in a desert where water is found.
1st Pillar
Statement of faith
"There is no god but Allah, and Mohammad is his messenger."
2nd Pillar
Pray 5 times a day
3rd Pillar
give alms to the poor
4th Pillar
fast during Ramadan from sunrise to sunset
5th Pillar
Hajj
The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.