Islamic Expansion Unit
Terms in this set (23)
location/ region where the Islamic faith began
The Islamic holy book, believed to be the word of God as revealed to Muhammad. Written in Arabic.
a place of worship for followers of Islam.
The word for God in Islam
means "Submission or surrender" in Arabic
a follower of the religion of Islam.
Founder of Islam; believed to be God's final prophet. God's word was revealed to him and his teaching became the Koran.
a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God
The holiest city of Islam. It is the site of the sacred Kaaba shrine. Muslims are required to travel there at least once in their life; a Hajj.
the city where Islam begins in 622
basic duties performed by Muslims
the language of the Koran and Muslim cultures
the holiest shrine of Islam, located in Mecca
Islamic laws based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of Islam
the majority of muslims are from this branch of Islam
the minority of muslims are from this branch of Islam; located mostly in Iraq and Iran
first developed by Muslim mathmaticians
a fertile spot in a desert where water is found.
Statement of faith
"There is no god but Allah, and Mohammad is his messenger."
Pray 5 times a day
give alms to the poor
fast during Ramadan from sunrise to sunset
The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.