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20 terms

Chapter 9 Political Parties

STUDY
PLAY
Political Party
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office.
Mugwumps/Progressives
Republican party faction of the 1890's to the 1910's composed of reformers who opposed patronage.
Critical/realignment Period
Periods when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties.
Split Ticket
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
Straight Ticket
Voting for Candidates of the same party.
Office-bloc Ballot
A ballot listing all candidates of a given office under the name of that office; also called a "Massachusetts" ballot.
Party-Column Ballot
A ballot listing all candidates of a given party together under the name of that party; also called the "Indiana" ballot.
National Convention
A meeting of party Delegates held every four years.
National Committee
Delegates who run party affairs between national conventions.
Congressional Campaign Committee
A Party committee in Congress that provides funds to members and would-be members.
National Chairman
day-to-day party manager elected by the national committee
Superdelegates
party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses
Political machine
a party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage
Ideological Party
a party that values principled stands on issues above all else
Solidary Incentives
the social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations
Sponsored Party
a local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community
two-party system
An Electoral system with two dominate parties that compete in national elections.
Plurality System
an electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority; used in almost all American elections
Personal Following
the political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks
Caucus
A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or another primary candidate.