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Technology Engineering and Design
Terms in this set (85)
A company surveyed college students to determine their need and want for a new portable computer accessory. Once the data was gathered, the company began designing the accessory to specifications determined by the data. This an example of:
Research and development
What converts knowledge into a physical form?
The activities that might result in new or improved products and processes describe what activity used in industry?
Research and development
Rafael's department is trying to make a miniature propane fueled generator to power cell phones (it can be refueled in seconds). They are involved in:
The criteria and constraints of a product or system and the determination of how they affect the final design and development are called:
A new office building has been planned and will be built in Phoenix, AZ. The roof will have a three foot overhang and the exterior walls will be constructed using twelve inch adobe brick. The design features of this building have been established based on:
Research and development (R&D) is used intensively by industry to prepare devices and for the marketplace. Which of the following is an example of R&D?
Cell phones companies working to increase bandwidth capabilities.
When new technology is introduced it immediately begins to undergo scrutiny and changes. This type of analysis lends to:
Government help inventors and innovators of technology protect and control the use of their ideas for a limited time, by giving them a:
The introduction of fast food restaurants into the American way of life has had both positive and negative impacts. One of the negative impacts is believed to be the increase in the number of people who are overweight. This is an example of a:
To minimize unwanted side effects of a new technology, Charles should conduct a:
An example of an product of technological evolution is:
The transfer of technological knowledge and skills from one generation or society to another is usually accompanied with modifications to the products created through the application these knowledge and skills. This process is called:
Innovations are the result of a series of refinements that have improved a basic invention overtime. This is to the scientific theory of:
Advancement in technology usually results in:
Advancements in mathematics and science
What area tends to have a more direct effect on society because of instability to both solve and create new problems and needs?
What distinguishes engineering design from other forms of design is the necessary use of their fundamental ingredients. They are:
Mathematics, science, and technical principles
Using a tennis racket to swat fly is an example of:
In the 18th century, the population in England almost doubled and profoundly affected the demand for textiles. As a result, a tremendous pressure was place on textile manufactures to produce more products with fewer resources and was one of the factors that led to the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. Two significant events that occurred during this period were the invention of the cotton-spinning jenny and the application of the steam engine towards textile manufacturing. This helped establish Great Britain as the world's first industrial nation. This story above is an example how:
An increase in human population leads to the creation of new problems.
The use and production of stone tools occurred in which period of human history?
The alphabet and coins came into general use during what time period?
What time peroid falls in between the Bronze Age and the middle ages?
In the middle ages, the water wheel powered the hammers were used for each of these processes except:
The printing press, magnetic compass, paper money, and the water wheel were invented during the:
The compass, telescope and calculator are all products of the:
A time of rebirth in arts and humanities was known as:
The period of human history that dramatically influenced the advancement of science through the development of instruments for measuring was the :
The invention of the transistor and microprocessor launched the:
The information age covers most types of communication, what is not a product of the information age?
The development and widespread use of agricultural technology led to significant improvements in:
Human longevity and health
In order to better understand the world and technology around them, people need to understand:
The history of technology.
Producing more products(output) with fewer resources (input) is referred to as improving:
Technology involves the use of processes to develop ___ that solve problems and extend human capabilities.
What technology is used when searching to find out what is wrong with a piece of equipment?
An established schedule to change the air filters in home or to change the oil in cars is for:
The maintenance of systems is important to insure proper:
We are now dependent on nonrenewable fuels that may someday run out. What is the best solution to his problem?
Replaces coal and oil systems with those powered by wind.
Which activities come earliest in the design process.
Researching and generating ideas
Making a design as effective as possible when considering the given criteria and constraints in the process of :
An automotive design team has designed a vehicle within the given budget while including very few features that were specified for the vehicle. In this case, what is the relationship between constraints and criteria?
The study of technology should look at how the development of technology affects humans at both the:
Local level and global level
Within the system of an automobile engine the fuel, spark plugs, and the pistons are all examples of:
The general requirements that influence the design of a structure are known as:
Criteria and constraints
A model often made to test a design during development is called a:
When refining a design what would yield information to improve the mechanical efficiency of the design?
The exchange of information in a visual form, such as words, drawings, photographs, or a combination of these is:
A 3-d model is used for:
Simulating and testing design ideas
Dr. Sandy, an engineer at handy and Associates, is working on a project. To communicate procedures and processes; flow charts, drawings, graphics, symbols, spreadsheets, graphs, time charts, and world wide web pages will be included in her:
Engineering Design Journal
Which types of communication uses a computer network to communicate?
The purpose of a case study when conducting problem-solving research is to:
Asses the current understanding of a problem
When making a design proposal it is critical to explain all of the following except:
Original brainstorming list
A problem -solving process that is used to generate, model, test, and communicate new products and processes is called a:
Engineering design process
Before a design solution can be refined, it must first be:
The engineering design process is a series of steps that are:
A design team is making a new container for milk. The customer indicated that the container must be 9" tall exactly. This size is considered a:
A design challenge is given that says "create a bird house, but do not let it cost more than $20.00 in materials." The cost of the birdhouse would be considered:
When solving design problems it is importantly to clearly understand what the actually problem is rather than the perceived problem. To accomplish this it is important to:
Define the problem
Ohm's Law states that voltage=amps X resistance (measured in ohms). If a circuit has a 12V power source and a 120 resistor, what is the circuit's amperage?
If a lever has the mechanical advantage of 5, how much force is needed to move an object that weighs 100lbs?
When looking at the front of a 2-d visual object, the missing view would be showing the:
Chi lives in China and needs to have a business meeting with Frank and his employees in the U.S. What would be the most productive way to hold a business meeting between Chi and Frank?
Acquiring medical data (like medical images) and then transmitting this data to a doctor at a convenient time is an example of:
A distance runner uses a right prosthetic leg. The leg is able remember the pace set during practice and adjust setting automatically depending on race circumstances. This type of telemedicine would be an example of:
A worldwide increase in yield per acre of crops shows advancement in the field of:
Most corn grown in the United States are used for making:
Controlling soil erosion is an example of:
A frog sitting on a lily pad then leaping into the water is an example of:
Potential energy changing to kinetic energy
A slinky in motion is an example of:
The most common storage for chemical energy is:
Component in electronics that slows electron flow is:
Nuclear energy from uranium is a:
Type of circuit that only has one path for electrons to flow:
The ratio of the output force (load) produced by a working force applied to the effort.
Technological systems used for communication all have:
Inputs, processes, and outputs dealing with storage and transmission
Which is an output device?
The development of a water filter invented by the army, but now available for public use is an example of a:
For a product to be approached as a new type of medicine it must be reviewed and approved by the:
Space transportation is exciting and has allowed for new innovative products, but is also very dangerous. Balancing danger and advancement is an example of a:
The underlying base or basic framework of a system is:
Which type of power source listed is least efficient in the production of electricity?
When determining how to move or lift a heavy object over a distance of 60 feet, an engineer would mostly likely use a what type of system:
Energy moved per second is:
The process used to minimize the likelihood of negative side effects of a new technology is referred to as:
An example of a subsystem in a car is:
Technological literacy" is defined as:
The ability to interact successfully with technology and to make informed decisions
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