40 terms

Human Rights

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights
A 1948 statement in which the United Nations declared that all human beings have rights to life, liberty, and security.
Dignity
the state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect
Genocide
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group through mass murder
Human Rights Violations
Violations against people's civil rights and liberties by governments
Civil Rights
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
inalienable
Not able to be taken or given away
recourse
help for a problem; solution
servitude
A lack of freedom; forced labor;slavery
degrading
causing shame or disgrace
asylum
a shelter from danger or hardship
suffrage
The right to vote
compel
force somebody to do something
discrimination
the unjust treatment of different categories of people on the grounds of race, age, or sex
prejudice
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
Gandhi
Indian nationalist and spiritual leader who developed the practice of nonviolent disobedience that forced Great Britain to grant independence to India (1947). He was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic.
Mandela
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
apartheid
A South African policy of complete legal separation of the races, including the banning of all social contacts between the black and whites
child soldiers
Children abducted into rebel armies around the world; often given drugs to make them easier to manipulate,
Malala
Pakistani girl that suffered a head wound for going to school, and undermining the authority of the Taliban and Sharia Law. Today she advocates for the rights of girls around the world.
United Nations
An international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. It was founded in 1945 , replacing the League of Nations.
proliferate
Increase or spread rapidly or excessively
Supply Chain Management
the sequence of processes involved in the production and distribution of a commodity/product. Companies must respect and protect human rights as their products are produced.
Boycott
A group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
Polairs
Founded in 2002, Named for the North Star, which people held in slavery in the United States used as a guide to navigate their way toward freedom. Today we are filling in the roadmap for that journey and lighting the path ahead to fight against modern day slavery.
disposable
"Today's slavery is about commerce, so the goods that enslaved people produce have value,but the people producing them are _________."
consumer choice
demand for ethically-sourced products and services can send a powerful message to producers.
Human Trafficking
the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means (such as force, abduction, fraud, or coercion) for an improper purpose including forced labor or sexual exploitation.
Child labour
Work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
Citizenship
Having full rights, freedoms, privileges, obligations and protection of the state in which you live.
Coercion
The use of force, intimidation or threats to make people obey or comply with what they are being ordered to do.
Bonded labour (debt bondage)
A situation where a person promises their labour, or the labour of members of their family, in exchange for cash advances - often to pay for transport to new locations - which then prove impossible to repay.
Contract slavery
Where a worker is guaranteed employment, perhaps in a workshop or factory, but when they arrive at their place of work they nd themselves trapped and enslaved. The contract is used as an enticement to trick them into slavery, as well as a way of making slavery look legitimate.
Dehumanisation
To treat a person or group of people as a commodity, and less than human.
Exploitation
A situation where one person labours for another under harsh and unhealthy conditions for very poor rates of pay.
Fair-trade
A system of trade which guarantees a fair price for producers and requires producers to guarantee fair working conditions and no use of child labour.
Forced labour
A severe form of labour exploitation from which the victim has no prospect of escaping. It may be imposed by an individual,
a criminal gang, or by a state or military authority.
Forced marriage
Where a person, who has no right to refuse, is given in marriage for payment to their parents or others.
Migrant worker
Someone who works outside their country, who may send part of their wages back to their family.
Trade union
An organisation of workers who combine to make demands to improve working conditions and pay and to protect workers from unfair treatment.
Rehabilitation
Helping victims of severe human rights abuses to rebuild their lives and recover from their traumatic experiences.