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Texas History Information


a leader in the Spanish conquest of America

Hernando Cortes

conquered the Aztecs

Cabeza de Vaca

explorer that reported on the Seven Cities of Cibola;

Robert de Lasalle

French explorer that went down Mississippi; ended up on Texas coast

Fort St. Louis

French fort built in Texas; made Spanish more interested in Texas


Spanish built these in Texas to convert the Native Americans to Catholicism

Corpus Christi de la Ysleta

the first mission in Texas


waged unofficial wars for Texas

Philip Nolan

filibuster who tried to take parts of Texas

Jane Long

mother of Texas who gave birth to first Anglo-American in Texas


person given title of land in Texas in exchange for bringing settlers

Moses Austin

first American to get an empresario contract; died before he could bring settlers

Stephen F. Austin

father of Texas; colonized Texas with 300 families

Haden Edwards

settled East Texas (Nacogdoches); ran out by army


created by Haden Edwards; scared Mexican officials that Americans trying to conquer

Mary Austin Holley

wrote history of Texas in English

Santa Anna

president and military leader during the Texas Revolution


first military conflict between Texas and Mexico

Sam Houston

led the Texas Army during revolution; president and governor of Texas

Battle of Gonzales

first official battle of Texas Revolution; the "Come and Take It" Canon

Goliad Massacre

execution of Texans by Mexico


battle of the Revolution that bought time for Sam Houston and inspired the Texans

Battle of San Antonio

Texans staged a siege on Mexicans; Cos and Mexican army forced South of Rio Grande

William B. Travis

leader of Texas Army in the Alamo

Davy Crockett

Tennessee volunteer that fought and died in the Alamo

San Jacinto

Last battle of Texas Revolution; Santa Anna surrendered to Houston


the time before written records


native to a certain area


an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies

Francisco Coronado

Spanish explorer who heard stories about the Seven Cities of Gold and set out to find them


an oily, dark-colored, flammable liquid found in the earth, consisting mainly of a mixture of various hydrocarbons


spanish fort that protects a mission

old three hundred

first families in Austin's colony

interim government

temporary government

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Texas was recognized as a seperate nation; border was set at Rio Grande


to incorporate a country or territory into another country or territory

Mirabeau Lamar

2nd president of Texas; father of education

Anson Jones

president of US whe, was the last president of Texas and was key in getting Texas annexed into the U.S.

Mexican War

after Mexican refusal to sell California-New Mexico region, Polk sent troops and it ended w/ Treat of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

Mexican Cession

Lands sold by Mexico to the US following the Mexican War


to withdraw from something such as a nation, withdraw from an organization or communion

Civil War

War between the Union and Confederacy from 1861-1865


person who wanted to end slavery


A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.

Quanah Parker

Comanche leader who worked to settle disputes between Native Americans and the US Government


Spanish cowboys

cotton gin

machine that removes seeds from cotton that made it more profitable

James Pickney Henderson

first governor of Texas


the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group


the right to vote


a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages

Dust Bowl

Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.

Sam Rayburn

Long-serving U.S. Congressman; Speaker of the House of Representatives; Supporter of Roosevelt's New Deal

Audie Murphy

American soldier who killed or wounded 50 enemy troops in Europe; later became famous movie star; buried in Arlington Cemetery

Dwight Eisenhower

leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School

Lyndon B. Johnson

signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965; president from Texas

Johnson Space Center

Astronauts are trained at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas for the work they will do in space.

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