41 terms

APES Friedland Chapter 10 APES-Hug HS


Terms in this set (...)

tragedy of the commons
the tendency of a shared, limited resource to become depleted because people act from self-interest for short-term gain
the unintended side effect of an action that affects something not involved in the action and is not included in the purchasing price etc. Example: a factory may not pay fully for its pollution of air or water
maximum sustainable yield
the maximum amount that can be harvested without compromising the future availability of that resource. Can be difficult to determine.
national park
a tract of land declared by the national government to be public property used for scientific, educational, and recreational use
managed resource protected areas
allows for the sustained use of biological, mineral, and recreational resources
habitat management areas
areas actively managed to maintain biologial communities
strict nature reserves and wilderness areas
areas established to protect species and ecosystems
protected landscapes and seascapes
areas combined with the nondestructive use of natural resources with opportunities for tourism and recreation (orchards, villages, beaches)
national monuments
areas set aside to protect unique sites of special natural or cultural interest
resource conservation ethic
states that people should maximize resource use based on the greatest good for everyone
multiple use lands
public lands that can be used for recreation, grazing, timber harvesting, and mineral extraction, wildlife preserving, or scentific research
bureau of land management
(BLM) regulates public use of land for grazing, mining, timber harvesting, and recreation
United States Forest Service
(USFS) regulates land used for timber harvesting, grazing, and recreation
National Park Service
(NPS) regulates land used for recreation and conservation
fish and wildlife service
(FWS) used for wildlife conservation, hunting, and recreation
dry, open grasslands used for cattle grazing (the most common use for land in the USA)
A method of harvesting in which all the standing trees in an area are removed
selective cutting
the removal of select trees in an area; this leaves the majority of the habitat in place and has less of an impact on the ecosystem.
ecologically sustainable forestry
an approach that has a goal of maintaining all species in as close a natural state as possible
tree plantations
large areas typically planted with a single rapidly growing tree species
prescribed burn
a deliberate fire set to reduce the accumulation of dead biomass
national environmental policy act
(NEPA) An act from 1969 that mandates an environmental assessment of all projects involving federal money or federal permits
environmental impact statement
(EIS) Statement required by Federal law from all agencies for any project using Federal funds to assess the potential affect of the new construction or development on the environment.
environmental mitigation plan
A plan that outlines how a developer will address concerns raised by a project's impact on the environment
endangered species act of 1973
identifies threatened and endangered species in the US, and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
national wildlife refuges
the only federal public lands managed for the primary purpose of protecting wildlife
national wilderness areas
areas set aside with the intent of preserving large tracts of intact ecosystems or landscapes
areas sourrounding metropolitan centers with low population densities
similar to suburban areas but not connected to any central city or densely populated area
urban sprawl
the creation of urbanized areas that spread into rural areas and remove clear boundaries between the two
urban blight
the degradation of the built and social environments of the city that often accompanies and accelerates migration to the suburbs
highway trust fund
A U.S. federal fund that pays for the construction and maintenance of roads and highways begun by the Highway Revenue Act of 1956
induced demand
when an increase in the supply of a good causes demand to grow
zoning regulations
a planning tool developed in the 20s to separate industry and business from residential neighborhoods
smart growth
strategies that encourage the development of sustainable healthy communities. They include mixed land uses, creating choice in housing opportunities and walkable neighborhoods, compact building design, a sense of place, preserved spaces of beauty, variety of transportation, etc.
poeple with an interest in a particular place or issue
transit oriented development
A mixed-use residential or commercial area designed to maximize access to public transport, and often incorporates features to encourage transit ridership
the process of filling in empty or rundown parts of a city with new development
urban growth boundaries
A regional boundary, set in an attempt to control urban sprawl by mandating that the area inside the boundary be used for higher density urban development and the area outside to be used for lower density development. Used by local governments as a guide to zoning and land use decisions
eminent domain
the right of the state to take private property for public use
multi-use land
A US classification used to designate lands that maybe use for recreation, grazing, timber harvesting, and mineral extraction

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