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appellate brief

an attorney's written argument presented to an appeal court, setting forth a statement of the law as it should be applied to the client's facts

appellate court

a court whose jurisdiction is to review decisions of lower courts or agencies


someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

associate circuit court

court that hears minor criminal cases, state traffic offenses, and lawsuits involving amounts no more than $25,000


an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business

court of record

accurate, detailed report of what went on at trial

general jurisdiction

Authority of a court to hear a wide range of cases


a public official authorized to decide questions bought before a court of justice


Individuals over 13 and under 18 years of age who have special status under the criminal law


to try in court; to engage in legal proceedings


a negotiator who acts as a link between parties

municipal court

city courts, usually divided into traffic and criminal divisions

original jurisdiction

the authority to hear cases for the first time

probate court

a court having jurisdiction over the probate of wills and the administration of estates

small claims court

civil court that people may use to settle disputes involving small amounts of money

special jurisdiction

is the courts' jurisdiction only on certain types of cases such as bankruptcy, family matters, etc


a reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record)

trial court

the first court before which the facts of a case are decided

writ of certiorari

a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case

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