THE Combo

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following was the name given to the U.S. effort to deliver supplies including 2 million tons of food and coal by air to West Berlin in 1948-1949 in response to the Soviet blockade of the city?
Berlin airlift
The president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and former State Department official accused of being a communist was
Alger Hiss
Containment policy was based on the assumption that
the Soviet Union would constantly seek to expand.
After Mao Zedong's 1949 victory in China, Truman was
criticized by conservatives for not backing Chiang Kai-shek strongly enough
In 1957, President Eisenhower sent troops to protect black high school students in
Little Rock, Arkansas
The landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision which ruled that segregated "educational facilities [in public schools] are inherently unequal" and unconstitutional was
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
In the 1950s, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and executed for
betraying atomic secrets to the Soviets
One result of the 1957 Soviet launch of Sputnik was that
the doctrine of massive retaliation became obsolete
What important fight against the institutional foundations of segregation was brought on by the actions of Rosa Parks?
the Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott
President Eisenhower's program included
running his administration on sound business principles
The Marshall Plan provided
massive economic assistance for Europe
The original purpose of NATO was to create a
mutual defense pact against the Soviet Union.
After World War II, Korea was taken from Japan and
divided along the 38th parallel between the occupying forces of the Soviets and the Americans
The 1944 GI Bill of Rights gave
veterans subsidies for education or opening a small business
The 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine declared that the United States' policy in the Middle East was to
use armed force to stop communist aggression
What 1947 U.S. policy is described in the following statement? "It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures."
Truman Doctrine
The ________ Act of 1947 authorized the president to seek court injunctions to prevent strikes that endangered the national interest
Taft-Hartley
The Soviet Union's aggressive policies after World War II, especially in Eastern Europe, were called extending the "Iron Curtain" by
Winston Churchill
The Wisconsin senator identified with wild charges about communists in government was
Joseph McCarthy
Eisenhower backed a new federally funded highway system, the largest public works project in U.S. history, because
he wanted to ensure safe passage out of threatened cities in case of nuclear attack
Eisenhower's secretary of state who advocated emphasizing massive retaliation with nuclear weapons rather than containment with conventional forces was
John Foster Dulles
Nixon's policy toward school desegregation was to
halt further federal efforts to force desegregation
Kennedy's initial approach to the race question was
exceedingly cautious
The key felony committed by Richard Nixon, which the Watergate tapes revealed, was
obstructing justice by instructing the CIA to persuade the FBI not to follow up its leads in the case
Ultimately, President Nixon
resigned from office
Racial discrimination by employers and formal racial segregation of all sorts were outlawed by the
Civil Rights Act of 1964
How does the text evaluate the overall impact of the Great Society?
It was a remarkable outpouring of important legislation, but its achievements were far short of what it had promised
The Vietcong ________ offensive in January 1968 caught the U.S. totally by surprise and caused great chaos throughout South Vietnam
Tet
In April 1961, the CIA-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba
failed because the Cuban people did not aid the invaders and the invaders were forced to surrender
In 1968, the low-key senator from Minnesota who challenged Lyndon Johnson for the Democratic party's nomination for the presidency was
Eugene McCarthy
The key evidence in the Watergate Affair, several pieces of which were deliberately erased or disposed of, were Nixon's
secret tape recordings of White House conversations and telephone calls
President Richard Nixon's principal plan for ending the American commitment in the Vietnam conflict was
building up the South Vietnamese army in order to withdraw American troops
The leader of the nonviolent civil rights movement was
Martin Luther King, Jr
Early in 1970, Americans learned of a massacre by U.S. forces of defenseless villagers in
My Lai
Nixon's new policy of trying to relax tensions with the Chinese and the Soviets was called
détente
During the Cuban missile crisis, President Kennedy ordered a
naval blockade of Cuba
In the ________ Resolution of 1964, Congress gave President Johnson a blank check for the war in Vietnam
Gulf of Tonkin
The ________ Trail was the major supply route from North to South Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh
The Watergate scandal began on June 17, 1972 when burglars from the Committee to Re-elect the President were arrested while
installing eavesdropping devices at the Democratic party headquarters
The Warren Report on the assassination of President Kennedy did not end charges of a conspiracy because it
protected information about CIA assassination attempts against Fidel Castro
Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X of the Black Muslims urged solving racial turmoil by
rejecting white American society
While millions of Americans watched on television, police used force against unruly protesters at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in
Chicago, Illinois
Harry Truman called his national policies and programs the
Fair Deal
In February 1972, Nixon dramatically reversed previous American policy by visiting and establishing relations with
China
Libraries
Industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated millions of dollars to help build _______________.
Joseph Pulitzer
The first newspaper editor to reach a truly massive audience without abandoning his basic integrity was ________________________.
Harvard
In 1869, __________ introduced the elective system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.
Morrill
The __________________ land-grant university system was co-educational from the start.
Vassar
________________ College holds the distinction of being the first college for women.
Herbert Spencer
The most influential social Darwinist was the English thinker ___________________.
John Dewey
The educator __________________ insisted that education was the fundamental method of social progress.
Fredrick Jackson Turner
In his frontier thesis, _______________________ argued that the frontier gave Americans their unique character.
Mark Twain
The author of novels such as Huckleberry Finn, whose acute reportorial eyes and ears caught the spirit of his age, was ____________________.
Pragmatism
The effects of Darwinism in America were apparent in the philosophy of __________, which stated that all truths are constantly evolving and can be judged only by their concrete results.
Religion
Among the basic factors that affected whether people voted for Republicans or Democrats in the late nineteenth century were their ethnic backgrounds and ________.
Immigrants
Big-city political bosses and their machines emerged in the late nineteenth century because most ___________ knew little about democracy.
Americanizing
Big-city bosses inadvertently played a major part in ___________ the immigrants.
Boss Tweed
The most notorious of all city bosses was __________.
Ohio and New York
The group of "swing" states which gained unusual prominence in presidential elections because of the sectional nature of politics in the late nineteenth century included _________ and ______________.
Stalwarts
The Gilded Age Republicans, who were led by Roscoe Conkling and who believed in the blatant pursuit of the spoils of office, were called the ____________.
James A. Garfield
In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.
Civil Service
The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who sought _________ reform.
Cleveland
The New York Democrat who won the "dirty" presidential election of 1884 was ________.
James E. Blaine
One of the few politicians of his generation deeply interested in foreign affairs and an outstanding congressional leader who lost the election of 1884 because of the political scandal revealed by the "Mulligan letters" was _________________.
Mid 1880's
Throughout the _______________ farmers on the Plains experienced adequate rainfall and bountiful harvests.
Farmers Alliance
The earlier group from which the Populist movement emerged was the ____________.
James Weaver
In 1892 the Populist nominee for president was former Union General ____________.
Income Tax
The platform of the People's or Populist party called for a ________________.
Southern Black Farmers
The Populist strategy in the South was to lure _____________ away from the Democrats.
Silver
The election of 1892 seemed to set up a showdown in the election of 1896 on the issue of the ________________.
Cleveland
During 1894 and 1895, at the beginning of ____________ presidency, the economy floundered in one of the worst depressions in American history.
Jacob Coxey
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was ________________.
J.P. Morgan
In early 1895 when the Treasury's gold reserves reached a desperately low point, a banking syndicate headed by ________________ underwrote a new bond issue and saved the government from bankruptcy.
William Jennings Bryan
The dramatic "Cross of Gold" speech won the 1896 Democratic presidential nomination for _____________________.
William Jennings Bryan
______________ discarded tradition in 1896 by traveling throughout the country giving hundreds of speeches.
Mark Hannah
In the election of 1896, McKinley's campaign manager who raised an enormous campaign fund from business was ____________________.
Regulate
One of the roots of progressivism was the late-nineteenth century effort to ____________ and control big business.
Magazine
A leading ________________ and crusading reformer of the early twentieth century was S.S. McClure.
MuckRakers
Progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics were called _________________.
Cities
The progressives attempted their first political reforms in the _____________.
Progressive Mayors
Samuel M. "Golden Rule" Jones, Tom L. Johnson, and Seth Low were all _____________.
City Manager
The ________ plan was an urban reform, pioneered in Dayton, Ohio, whereby city affairs are administered on a nonpartisan basis by a professional.
Wisconsin
The banner "progressive" state during the early years of the twentieth century was ________________.
Triangle Shirt Waist
Legislation protecting workers against on-the-job accidents was inspired by the disastrous ________________________ factory fire.
Suffrage
On the national level, the Progressive Era saw the completion of the struggle for women's ________________.
Moral Superiority
One of the suffragists' more successful justifications was the "purity" argument that women's ___________________ would clean up politics if they were given the vote.
17th Amendment
One example of the progressive drive for political democracy was the _________________, which required the popular election of senators.
Regulate
Theodore Roosevelt believed that the most effective means of dealing with big corporations was to _______________ rather than eliminate them.
Northern Securities Company
Roosevelt reacted to the creation of the __________________ by suing to have it dissolved under the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Square Deal
The first progressive president and the advocate of the "_______________" was Theodore Roosevelt.
Hepburn Act
The primary result of the 1906 _________________ was to make the Interstate Commerce Commission more powerful and active.
The Jungle
Upton Sinclair's novel _________________ exposed filthy conditions in Chicago slaughterhouses.
William Howard Taft
Theodore Roosevelt handpicked __________ to succeed him and carry out his policies.
Theodore Roosevelt
The politician who advocated a New Nationalism was _______________.
Republican Party
In 1912 the breakup of the __________________ produced an independent third party, the Progressives, led by Theodore Roosevelt.
New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson advocated a program called the _________________.
Federal Reserve
When it was passed in 1913, the ________________ gave the country a central banking system for the first time since Andrew Jackson.
Congress
As part of the New Freedom, the _________ Act prohibited both price discrimination, which encouraged monopolies, and interlocking directorates created to control competition.
Progressives
When it came to non-whites, the _________ tended to be strongly prejudiced against them.
William. E. B. Du Bois
One of the most prominent black militants of the progressive era was ______________________.
NAACP
The organization formed in 1909 by a group of liberal whites and blacks to eradicate racial discrimination was the _________________________.
France
During the Civil War, __________ established a protectorate over Mexico and installed Archduke Maximillian as emperor.
Russia
In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from ____________________
God's will
One reason for growing support for an overseas empire among Americans after the Civil War was the desire to carry out ___________________ to spread the virtues of the Anglo-Saxon race beyond North America.
Navy
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful ___________________.
Coup
Queen Liliuokalani's "Hawaii for Hawaiians" movement led to an American led _____________ and the abolition of the monarchy.
Cleveland
President ____________________ reaction to the possibility of annexing Hawaii was to withdraw the treaty annexing Hawaii from the Senate, but he was unwilling to oust the American revolutionaries by force.
Monroe Doctrine
Americans had stronger reasons for extending their influence in Latin America rather than in the Pacific because they were accustomed to protecting American interests in Latin America under the _____________________.
Venezuela
In the 1890s a nasty dispute erupted between the United States and Great Britain over the boundary between _____________________ and British Guiana.
Cuba
The major issue in the Spanish-American War was the independence of _________________.
New York Journal and New York World
Before the Spanish-American War, both Hearst's________________ and Pulitzer's___________________________ tried to increase circulation by publishing tales of Spanish atrocities.
Maine
In February 1898, the American battleship the __________ mysteriously exploded in Havana harbor.
Amelio Hemegualdo
The leader of the Filipino nationalist forces during the 1890s was ______________________.
Dewey
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore ___________________ devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay.
Rough Riders
The American politician who formed a volunteer unit, the "____________________," and participated in storming San Juan Hill was Theodore Roosevelt.
Philippines
After the Spanish-American War, heated debates raged over the imperialism of annexing the ___________________________.
Asian Markets
Expansionists who wished to annex the Philippines seemed most interested in establishing the Philippines as the gateway to ______________________.
Gorilla War Revolt
When America refused to withdraw its armed forces, the Filipinos launched a _________________________ against the American forces.
Guantanamo Bay Navy Base
Under the Platt Amendment, Cuba promised to grant ____________________ to America and to avoid treaties with any foreign power, which might compromise its independence.
Roosevelt Corollary
Early in the twentieth century, the United States announced that it must "exercise ...an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere in the ________________________ to the Monroe Doctrine.
China Markets
The "Open Door" policy attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of ______________________.
Roosevelt
When Panama revolted against Colombia, _______________________ ordered the cruiser Nashville to Panama to prevent Colombia from subduing the revolution.
World War 1
The Panama Canal opened for ship traffic on the eve of __________________.
Taft
President __________ called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them "dollar diplomacy."
Huerta
Wilson became deeply involved in Mexican politics in response to the reactionary general __________, who led the 1913 coup and had his former chief murdered.
Mexico
In 1916, United States troops, commanded by General John J. Pershing, invaded __________ to capture "Pancho" Villa.
Assassination
The Great War was precipitated by the ___________________ of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist.
Allied
At the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, the ______________ Powers included Great Britain, France, and Russia.
Freedom of The Seas
American attitudes towards the two sides in the Great War were most influenced by conflicts over ______________________.
1916
In the presidential election of _______________, the leading issue was American policy toward the warring powers.
Zimmerman
In February 1917, the U.S. learned of the __________ Telegram in which Germany offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.
War Industries Board
During the Great War, the government agency which had almost dictatorial powers to allocate scarce materials and fix prices was the _______________________.
Harry Truman
This future American political leader commanded an artillery battalion in France during the Great War was ________________________.
Bonds
During the Great War, the federal government asked citizens to buy ______________________.
Committee of Public Information
The head of the ____________________________________, which portrayed Germany as determined to dominate the world, was George Creel.
Sedition
During the Great War, mere criticism of the government became cause for arrest and imprisonment under the __________ Act.
Southern Blacks
The Great War triggered a major movement of ____________________ to northern cities.
Black African Americans
Most ___________________________ reacted to the Great War with optimism that the walls of prejudice were beginning to crumble.
Argonne Forrest
In their greatest engagement of the war, in September 1918, despite the heavy loss of 120,000 casualties, American troops won the Battle of __________________________.
14 Points
President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after the Great War was known as the __________________________.
Big 4
Georges Clemenceau, David Lloyd George, and Vittorio Orlando were members of the so-called __________________ at the Paris Peace Conference.
Versailles
The peace settlement reached at the Paris conference of 1919 was called the __________ Treaty.
League of Nations
Wilson believed that any weaknesses in the Versailles Treaty could be overcome by the ________________________.
Republicans
The leader of the __________________ opposition in the Senate to Wilson's League of Nations was Henry Cabot Lodge.
Versailles Treaty
When it appeared as if the necessary two-thirds of the Senators would not approve the ______________________________, without reservations, Wilson attempted to rally support for the Treaty by a nationwide speaking tour.
Senate
The basic reason why the ______________________ failed to ratify the Versailles Treaty was the refusal of both Woodrow Wilson and Henry Cabot Lodge to compromise.
A. Mitchell Palmer
In the 1919-1920 "Red Scare," radicals were ruthlessly suppressed by Attorney General _____________________________________________.
The Coinage Act of 1873, which demonetized silver, came to be known as the ________ by the silver interests.
Crime of '73
The "bloody shirt" issue of the late 1800s refers to
post-Civil War sectional tensions
In the election of 1896, McKinley's campaign manager, who raised an enormous campaign fund from business, was
Marcus Alonzo Hanna
Southern black Populists often joined the
Colored Farmers' Alliance
The most notorious of all city bosses was
William Marcy Tweed
During the late 1800s, the legislative body known as a "rich man's club" was the
Senate
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was
Jacob Coxey
In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.
James A. Garfield
The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who sought ________ reform.
civil service
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
Plessy v. Ferguson
Which of the following was Democratic candidate Woodrow Wilson's term in the 1912 presidential campaign for a proposed policy that would restore competition by breaking up the trusts and punishing corporations that violated rules of business conduct?
New Freedom
Which of the following was Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt's term in the 1912 presidential election for an expansion of federal power to regulate big business and enact legislation to promote social justice?
New Nationalism
The organization formed in 1909 by a group of liberal whites and blacks to eradicate racial discrimination was the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Robert La Follette was particularly associated with
promotion of specialized technical knowledge and legislative reference services to promote progressive reform
Legislation protecting workers against on-the-job accidents was inspired by the disastrous
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire
Theodore Roosevelt called the progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics
muckracker
When it was passed in 1913, the Federal Reserve Act
gave the country a central banking system for the first time since Andrew Jackson
Many in the middle class were attracted to progressive reforms because they
felt their ambitions and sense of importance were undermined by the new giant corporations.
Which of the following is a cluster of movements for various forms of social change--some of them contradictory--during the early twentieth century? Supporters of such movements generally opposed corruption and inefficiency in government, monopoly power among corporations, and wayward behavior among immigrants and others.
Progressivism
One of the most prominent black militants of the Progressive Era was
W. E. B. Du Bois
The Open Door policy attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of
China
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
Which of the following is a national policy that eschews foreign alliances, such as was propounded by George Washington in his "Farewell Address"? This policy was also embraced by part of the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 and after the First World War, when the United States refused to join the League of Nations and sought to distance itself during the 1930s from the rumblings of another world war.
Isolationism
The work of radicals in the labor movement led to
the belief by many Americans that unions were associated with communism.
The former mining engineer and head of the Belgian Relief Commission, whom
Wilson named to mobilize America's agricultural resources, was
Herbert Hoover.
During the Great War, the government agency which had almost dictatorial
powers to allocate scarce materials and fix prices was the
War Industries Board.
The American Expeditionary Force was commanded by General
John J.
Pershing.
President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after the Great War was known as
the
Fourteen
Points.
In 1916, United States troops, commanded by General John J. Pershing,
invaded ________ to capture "Pancho" Villa.
Mexico
In February, 1917, the U.S. learned of the ________ Telegram in which Germany
offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.
Zimmermann
During the Great War, mere criticism of the government became cause for arrest
and imprisonment under the ________ Act.
Sedition
The Great War was precipitated by the
assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist.
Gilded Age
Because late-nineteenth century Americans tended to tolerate gross waste and corruption so long as it did not interfere with their own pursuit of profit, Mark Twain labelled this period the _________________
Richman's Club
During the Gilded Age, the legislative body known as a "_________________" was the Senate
Religion
The fundamental distinction between the Democrats and the Republicans during the late nineteenth century arose from differences in _________________, geographic location, and ethnic background.
New England
A bastion of Republican party strength during the latter part of the nineteenth century were the __________ states.
Closely
National elections between 1856 and 1912 were characterized by __________________ contests
Grand Army
The mammoth organization of Union Army veterans that quickly became a powerful national political pressure group was the _______________ of the Republic.
Disfranchised
Blacks in the South were not totally __________________ or segregated until southern states enacted literacy tests and poll taxes in the 1890s.
Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in _______________________.
Booker T. Washington
The black leader identified with the "Atlanta Compromise" was ____________________.
Accommodation
The black educator Booker T. Washington chose __________________ rather than confrontation.
Lynching
Between 1890 and 1910 there was a dramatic increase in __________ blacks.
China
In 1882 Congress passed a law which in effect stopped immigration from _______________.
Half; 50%
On the eve of the Civil War the American Indians in the West still occupied about ___________________ of the United States.
Constriction
In 1851, the government negotiated a new policy with the Plains tribes based on a divide and conquer strategy. This was known as the __________ policy.
Indians
In its treaties with ____________________, the American government generally showed little interest in honoring them
Farmers
In 1867, the government tried a new strategy toward the Plains Indians, training the reservation Native Americans to become _______________ like other Americans.
Indian Affairs
The government's administration of _________________ was notable over the years for its level of corruption.
Buffalo
The ability of the Plains Indians to resist white expansion was severely damaged by the destruction of the ______________.
Dawes Severalty
In 1887, Congress passed the ___________________ Act, which was intended to destroy traditional tribal cultures.
Virginia City
Probably the most famous of all the gold strikes in the West, the site of the Comstock Lode and the Big Bonanza, was _______________________.
World Trade
A result of the gold and silver rushes of the late nineteenth century was an improved financial position for America in _________________.
Five Square Miles
The Pacific Railway Act of 1862 set the pattern for government land grants by giving the builders of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads __________________ of public land on each side of their right-of-way for every mile of track laid.
Central/ Union
The two railroads joined in 1869 to form the first transcontinental railroad were the __________ Pacific and ____________ Pacific.
Chisholm
Cattle herds were driven across the unsettled grasslands of the __________ Trail on their way to the railroad at Abilene, Kansas.
Open Range
The discovery that cattle could feed on the prairie grasses of the public domain of the northern plains led to the development of ______________________.
Joseph Glidden
Barbed wire was invented by _______________________.
Open Range
Barbed wire destroyed the _________________ cattle industry because it prevented the free movement of cattle.
Railroads
In the 25 years after the Civil War, ________________ were probably the most significant element in American development.
Intergraded Systems
The emphasis in railroad construction after 1865 was on organizing ___________________.
Agents
American land-grant railroads in the late nineteenth century sent _____________ overseas to recruit likely settlers and purchasers of railroad land.
Iron Manufacturing
After the railroads, the second most important development in America's industrial advance in the late nineteenth century was the transformation of _______________________.
Bessemer
The __________ process directed a stream of air into a mass of molten iron, burning off impurities, and greatly lowered the price of steel.
Wizard of Menlo Park
Known as the "____________________," the inventor of the phonograph and the electric light bulb was Thomas A. Edison.
Markets
From 1873 to 1893, the economy experienced intense competition for _________________.
Rebates
Railroads commonly encouraged large shippers to use their lines through giving them _________________.
Unstable
As a result of the intense competition among railroads, the railroads were ________________ and vulnerable to any downturn in the business cycle.
Steel
Andrew Carnegie dominated the __________ industry.
United States Steel
When J. P. Morgan assembled ______________________, he formed the first billion dollar corporation.
Rockefeller
By the middle of the 1880s, __________ monopolized the oil industry in the United States.
Organizer
John D. Rockefeller's success was due primarily to his talents as an ______________ and his meticulous attention to detail.
Department Stores
The major development in retailing during this period was the growth of huge urban ___________________.
Charles Darwin
The theory of evolution by natural selection which helped Americans justify their exploitation of others was the work of ____________________.
Social Darwinism
Prominent advocate of _____________________, William Graham Sumner was identified with the phrase "it's root, hog, or die."
Monopolies
Generally speaking, the formation of _________________ during the 1870s caused a drop in prices.
Edward Bellamy
The novelist who described America evolving into an ideal socialist state was ____________________.
Grange
The National _________________ of the Patrons of Husbandry was founded in 1867 by Oliver H. Kelly.
Regulate
Granger-controlled legislatures attempted to ________________ railroad rates.
Wabash
The Supreme Court decision in the _______________ case concerned early railroad regulation.
Cease and Desist order
The federal regulatory board, established in 1887 by Congress to supervise the affairs of railroads, investigate complaints, and issue "___________________" orders against railroads acting illegally, was the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Laizzes Faire
The creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887 challenged the philosophy of ___________________.
Sherman Antitrust
In 1890, Congress tried to restore competition by outlawing the restraint of interstate trade by corporate monopolies with the __________ Act.
Knights of Labor
The first union to welcome blacks, women, and immigrants into its ranks was the _____________________.
Haymarket Square riot
As a result of the __________, membership in the Knights of Labor declined quickly because the public associated unions with violence and radicalism.
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Established in 1886, the __________ was the prime example of "bread and butter" unionism.
Eugene Debs
The leader of the American Railway Union in its dramatic 1894 strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company was ___________________.
Cleveland
President _________________ intervened in the Pullman strike on the pretext that the mail had to be delivered.
Concentrated
In the late nineteenth century, wealth, power, and influence were increasingly ____________________ among the largest financiers.
Efficiency
As a result of the centralization and concentration of industry in the late nineteenth century _________________ increased in industries where close coordination of output, distribution, and sales was important.
Skilled
In general, the workers who were usually well-off as a result of late nineteenth-century industrialization were __________________ workers.
Employer, (higher hand) Worker
As a result of late nineteenth-century industrial development, personal contact between ______________ and _______________ tended to disappear.
Sales Persons
In the new types of work, women found in the late nineteenth century, they were often hired as ____________________ in department stores because managers considered them easier to control than men.
Farmers
When compared to others in the late nineteenth century, ______________ experienced declining status.
Public Education
After 1870, American _________________ changed steadily in response to the many social and economic changes of the era.
Emigration
The main reason for ___________________ to the United States during the late nineteenth century was the desire for economic betterment.
Almost Nobody
Before 1882, Americans restricted __________ from immigrating to the United States.
Southern, Eastern
Beginning in the 1880s, the source of American immigration shifted to new immigrants from _________________ and ________________ Europe.
Social Darwinist
One of the causes which eventually led to restriction on immigration was the fears of __________________________ that immigrants would undermine American "racial purity."
American Protective
The new nativism of the late nineteenth century was exemplified by the ____________________________Association.
Ethnic Neighborhoods
The "new" immigrants from eastern and southern Europe settled in ______________________ in the urban centers.
Crowded
The urban ethnic neighborhoods of the late nineteenth century were __________________ and unhealthy.
Jacob Riis
The author of How the Other Half Lives (1890), the classic description of slum conditions in the United States, was ______________________.
Street Cars
As a result of the __________________, American cities expanded their geographical area enormously as the upper- and middle-classes fled city centers.
Skyscrapers
Louis H. Sullivan was closely associated with the development of the __________________.
Sports
Late nineteenth-century spectator _________________ were notable for their mixture of upper- and working-class interests
James Naismith
In 1891, ___________________ invented the game of basketball.
Social Gospel
Supporters of the _____________________ Movement believed the church should focus on improving the lives of the poor, ending child labor, and regulating the power of big corporations.
Washington Gladden
The most influential preacher of the Social Gospel Movement was _____________________.
Settlement Houses
The community centers started by idealistic young people to guide and help the urban poor were _____________________________.
Jane Addams
The founder of Hull House was _______________________.
Libraries
Industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated millions of dollars to help build _______________.
Joseph Pulitzer
The first newspaper editor to reach a truly massive audience without abandoning his basic integrity was ________________________.
Harvard
In 1869, __________ introduced the elective system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.
Morrill
The __________________ land-grant university system was co-educational from the start.
Vassar
________________ College holds the distinction of being the first college for women.
Herbert Spencer
The most influential social Darwinist was the English thinker ___________________.
John Dewey
The educator __________________ insisted that education was the fundamental method of social progress.
Fredrick Jackson Turner
In his frontier thesis, _______________________ argued that the frontier gave Americans their unique character.
Mark Twain
The author of novels such as Huckleberry Finn, whose acute reportorial eyes and ears caught the spirit of his age, was ____________________.
Pragmatism
The effects of Darwinism in America were apparent in the philosophy of __________, which stated that all truths are constantly evolving and can be judged only by their concrete results.
industrialization
In the late 19th century, the way Americans thought was transformed by _____________
co-educational
The Morrill Act land-grant university system was _____ from the start.
focused on social activities, fraternities, and organized athletics with winning teams
Because of the increase in both the number of college graduates and the influence of alumni, in the late 19th century American higher education was increasingly
John Dewey
The educator ____ insisted that education was the fundamental method of social progress.
realism
The new literary style of the 1870s and 1880s which often examined social problems such as slum conditions and portrayed people of every social class was
mere animals in a merciless Darwinian world.
The late nineteenth-century naturalist writers, such as Stephen Crane, portrayed humans as
William James
The most influential philosopher of his times and the main exponent of pragmatism was
the ends justified the means.
One of the problems with pragmatism was that it seemed to suggest that
serious, conservative articles.
Harper's, The Century, and Atlantic Monthly were all magazines specializing in
largely unchallenged even today.
According to the "Debating the Past: Did the Frontier Engender Individualism and Democracy?" section of the textbook, Turner's frontier thesis remains
post-Civil War sectional tensions.
The "bloody shirt" issue of the Gilded Age refers to
destroy the political parties.
Politicians responded to the demand for civil service reform in this way: both Democrats and Republicans insisted it would
sought civil service reform
The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who
Plessy v. Ferguson.
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
Big-city bosses
___________ inadvertently played a major part in Americanizing the immigrants.
Farmers Alliance
The earlier group from which the Populist movement emerged was the
victimized majority betrayed by the establishment
The Populist Party members saw themselves as a
Jacob Coxey
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D. C. in 1894 was
William Jennings Bryan
_________ discarded tradition in 1896 by traveling throughout the country giving hundreds of speeches.
Marcus Hanna
McKinley's campaign manager, ________ blanketed the country with campaign literature.
progressives
According to the textbook, the ________ were never a single group seeking a single objective.
change faulty institutions
Progressive reformers tended to believe that the solution to social problems was to
Wisconsin
The banner "progressive" state during the early years of the twentieth century was
the South.
According to the map "Woman Suffrage", most states that did not have woman suffrage by 1914 and opposed the Nineteenth Amendment in the House of Representatives were in
Seventeenth Amendment
An example of the progressive drive for political democracy was the___________ which required the popular election of senators.
Theodore Roosevelt.
The first progressive president and advocate of the "Square Deal" was
lack of physical and mental stamina.
William Howard Taft's major liability as president was his
the Progressives
In 1912 the breakup of the Republican Party produced an independent third party, _________, led by Theodore Roosevelt.
W. E. B. DuBois.
One of the most prominent black militants of the progressive era was
correct
This statement about the Progressives' reaction to black militancy is correct/incorrect: "Wilson was actively hostile to blacks."
The topic was Alaska.
"His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias agrees to cede to the United States, . . . all the territory and dominion now possessed by his said Majesty on the continent of America and in the adjacent islands . . ."
Alfred Thayer Mahan
_______ argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful navy.
annex the Hawaiian Islands.
From 1893 to 1898, American expansionists tried to
independence of Cuba.
The major issue in the Spanish-American War was the
reluctantly and hesitantly sent Congress a war message.
Faced with public clamor for war with Spain, McKinley refused to panic, but
devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay in the Philippines.
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
The "Open Door" policy
________ attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of China.
prevent Colombia from subduing the revolution.
When Panama revolted against Colombia, Roosevelt ordered the cruiser Nashville to Panama to
"dollar diplomacy".
President William Howard Taft called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them
self-defeating because it was not supported by the local people.
The textbook described the American foreign policy of trying to penetrate underdeveloped areas economically without the problems of governing them as
invaded Mexico to capture "Pancho" Villa.
In 1916, United States troops, commanded by General John J. Pershing,
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Great War was precipitated by the assassination of the _________, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist.
shocked and outraged
Most Americans were ____________ when the British liner Lusitania was torpedoed and almost 1200 people died.
the country was poorly prepared.
When the United States entered the Great War, from a military point of view,
rose dramatically.
Farm income during the Great War
George Creel.
The head of the Committee on Public Information, which portrayed Germany as determined to dominate the world, was
southern blacks to northern cities.
The Great War triggered a major movement of
Harvard
In 1869, ________ introduced the elective system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.
philanthropists who established universities
In the late nineteenth century, Johns Hopkins, Jonas Clark, and John D. Rockefeller were all
being the first college for women
Vassar College holds the distinction of
Herbert Spencer
The most influential social Darwinist was the English thinker
John Dewey
The leader of what was called progressive education was
it gave Americans unique character
In his frontier thesis, Frederick Jackson Turner argued that
Mark Twain
The author of novels such as Huckleberry Finn, whose acute reportorial eyes and ears caught the spirit of his age, was
realism
American painters of the late 19th century such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins painted in a style called
build libraries
Industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated millions of dollars to help
Frank Leslie
The leading publisher of magazines directed at average citizens in the 1860s and 1870s
weak
The presidents during the Gilded Age were mostly _____________ leaders
Senate
During the Gilded Age, the legislative body known as a "rich man's club" was the
closely contests
National elections between 1856 and 1912 were characterized by
post civil war tensions
The "bloody shirt" issue of the Gilded Age refers to
Grand Army of the Republic
The mammoth organization of Union Army veterans that quickly became a powerful national political pressure group was the
Garfield
In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.
Civil Service
The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who sought ________ reform.
Clevland
The New York Democrat who won the "dirty" presidential election of 1884 was
Plessy v. Ferguson
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
Booker T. Washington
The black leader most identified with the "Atlanta Compromise" was
Boss Tweed
The most notorious of all city bosses was
Farmer's Alliance
The earlier group from which the Populist movement emerged was the
Silver
The election of 1892 seemed to set up a showdown in the election of 1896 on the issue of the
Jacob Coxey
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was
William Jennings Bryan
the dramatic "Cross of Gold" speech won the 1896 Democratic presidential nomination for
S.S. McClure
A leading magazine editor and crusading reformer of the early 20th century was
Muckrakers
Theodore Roosevelt called the progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics
Progressive Mayors
Samuel M. "Golden Rule" Jones, Tom L. Johnson, and Seth Low were all
Wisconsin
The banner "progressive" state during the early years of the twentieth century was
Triangle Shirt Waist Factory
Legislation protecting workers against on-the-job accidents was inspired by the disastrous
consumer's league
Headed by Florence Kelley and associated with lawyer Louis Brandeis, the most effective women's organization of the Progressive Era was the
economic and sociological evidence
In Muller v. Oregon (1908) attorney Louis Brandeis presented a so-called "Brandeis brief" to the Supreme Court, which was based on
suffrage
On the national level, the Progressive Era saw the completion of the struggle for
required the popular election of senators
One example of the progressive drive for political democracy was the Seventeenth Amendment which
regulate rather than eliminate them
Theodore Roosevelt believed that the most effective means of dealing with big corporations was to
Theodore Roosevelt
The first progressive president and the advocate of the "Square Deal" was
make the Interstate Commerce Commission more powerful and active
The primary result of the 1906 Hepburn Act was to
filthy conditions of Chicago slaughterhouses
Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle exposed
Taft
Theodore Roosevelt handpicked ________ to succeed him and carry out his policies
conservation
Taft got into political hot water in the 1910 "Ballinger-Pinchot" controversy, which dealt with
Theodore Roosevelt
The politician who advocated a New Nationalism was
Theodore Roosevelt
In 1912 the breakup of the Republican party produced an independent third party, the Progressives, led by
New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson advocated a program called the
gave the country a central banking system for the first time since Jackson
When it was passed in 1913, the Federal Reserve Act
Clayton
As part of the New Freedom, the ________ Act prohibited both price discrimination, which encouraged monopolies, and interlocking directorates created to control competition
W.E.B. Du Bois
One of the most prominent black militants of the progressive era was
didn't care
After the Civil War, most Americans' attitude toward foreign affairs was that they
damages done by confederate ships built in Britain
Because of the Alabama claims of 1871, the British paid the United States $15.5 million for
Russia
In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from
Navy
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful
Pacific and Latin America
After the Civil War, America extended its overseas influence and empire in the
Cuba
The major issue in the Spanish-American War was the independence of
publishing tales of spanish atrocities
Before the Spanish-American War, both Hearst's New York Journal and Pulitzer's New York World tried to increase circulation by
Maine
In February 1898 the American battleship ________ mysteriously exploded in Havana harbor.
Amelio Hemegualdo
The leader of the Filipino nationalist forces during the 1890s was
devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
Theodore Roosevelt
The American politician who formed a volunteer unit, the "Rough Riders," and participated in storming San Juan Hill was
Philippines
After the Spanish-American War, heated debates raged over the imperialism of annexing
they were unfit to be citizens
Some anti-imperialists objected to annexing the Philippines because
launched a Gorilla War Revolt against the American
When America refused to withdraw its armed forces, the Filipinos
not bound to follow the Constitution
In the "insular cases" the Supreme Court ruled that
Cuba
In 1900, the United States insisted that the constitution of ________ grant America naval bases and authorize American intervention whenever necessary to protect life, property, and individual liberty.
Guantanamo Bay Navy Base to America and avoid treaties with any foreign power
Under the Platt Amendment, Cuba was forced to
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Early in the 20th century, the United States announced that it must "exercise ...an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere in the
John Hay
The principle architect of America's "Open Door" policy was
China
The "Open Door" policy attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of
China
At the turn of the twentieth century, the so-called Boxer Rebellion broke out in
decreasing immigration from Japan in turn for not segregating California schools and not issuing passports to laborers who wished to go to America
According to the "Gentlemen's Agreement" negotiated by Roosevelt in 1907
Columbia
In order to build the Panama Canal on the terms he wanted, President Roosevelt intervened militarily to aid the Panamanian revolt against
Taft
President ________ called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them "dollar diplomacy."
Assassination
The Great War (WW I)was precipitated by the
Zimmerman
In February, 1917, the U.S. learned of the ________ Telegram in which Germany offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.
Harry Truman
The future American political leader who commanded an artillery battalion in France during the Great War was
John J. Pershing
The American Expeditionary Force was commanded by General
14 points
President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after the Great War was known as the
A. Mitchell Palmer
In the 1919-1920 "Red Scare," radicals were ruthlessly suppressed by Attorney General
The Jazz Singer
The first significant talking movie was
Radios and Movies
The 1920s saw immense changes in popular culture because of the two new technologies of
extraordinarily popular
During the 1920s, American sports were
teaching evolution in public schools
The 1925 Dayton, Tennessee "Monkey Trial" dealt with
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The symbol of the "lost generation" and the author of The Great Gatsby was
Melken
America's foremost cynic of the 1920s, who displayed witty contempt for almost everything, was
Marcus Garvey
The leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, whose slogan was "Back to Africa," was
Henry Ford
The individual most responsible for the growth of the automobile industry was
Charles Lindbergh
In May 1927, the first solo non-stop flight from New York to Paris was made in his Spirit of St. Louis by
Who proposed the 10% plan?
Abraham Lincoln
What was the 10% plan?
A plan for reconstruction, that made the 13th am. accepted, must pledge loyalty to union, then admitted to the union.
When was the 10% plan placed?
During reconstruction, before the pardon system.
How is the 10% plan significant?
It shows the fatigue of the northern states, pushes radical republicans to an extreme position after Lincolns death.
Who proposed the pardon system?
Andrew Jonson
What is the pardon system?
A plan for reconstruction, that made all southern states must receive pardon.
What is the process of the pardon plan?
If more than 20,000 land, then must have a personal pardon (all accepted), less than 2,000 then automatically pardoned.
Why is the pardon system significant?
It shows importance of the south to Johnson, leads to harsher form of reconstruction.
When was the pardon system?
After the 10% plan. Before the military reconstruction Act.
Who proposed the military reconstruction act?
The radical republicans.
What was the military reconstruction act?
A plan for reconstruction, that divided the south into five military districts(Not TN) no confederate generals can hold offices, all states must rewrite constitutions.
When was the military reconstruction act?
After the pardon system, leads until republicans decide to change it.
Why is the military reconstruction act significant?
It ultimately decides southern reconstruction.
What does the 13th am. state?
Abolishes slavery.
What does the 14th am. state?
Due process of law, qualifies African Americans as citizens.
What does the 15th am. state?
Full voting rights to all men.
What are the exceptions to the 15th am?
Poll taxes, literary tests.
Who funds the Freedman's Bureau
The federal Program.
What does the Freedman's Bureau do?
It helps freed slaves to freed status.With education, and jobs, housing.
When did the Freedman's Bureau operate?
During reconstruction.
Where did the Freedman's Bureau help freed slaves?
The south.
What is the significance of the Freedman's Bureau?
It shows commitment to the freed slaves.
Who are scalywags?
Southerners who vote republican.
Why is the scalywags significant?
It shows the power of the republicans toward the south.
Who are carpetbaggers?
Northerners inside the south that sell manufactured goods for a profit.
Why is the carpetbaggers significant?
It shows the strength of the northern states in industry.
What is the Ku Klux Klan?
A group who are formed illegally to frighten minorities.
Who do The KKK scare other than blacks?
Carpetbaggers .
Who is in the compromise of 1878?
Samuel Tilden (D), Ruth ford B. Hayes (R)
What is the compromise of 1878?
Tilden and Hayes have made a tie, Hayes invites Tilden to dinner for a compromise for presidency .
What was the compromise of 1878?
Southerner (D) on Hayes's cabinet, federal funds to fix south's transportation, end military reconstruction act, south control race relations.
Why is the compromise of 1878 significant?
It ends reconstruction, backwards in race relation.
Who is Andrew Carnigee?
He invaded steel production.
What form of integration does Andrew Carnigee use?
He used vertical integration- buying all elements of production.
What does Andrew write?
The gospel of Wealth.
What is the gospel of Wealth?
Relationship between religion and money. God gave him money to give back.
What is the lazzies faire?
The economic government body that means no govt regulation.
Who is Adam Smith?
An economist who wrote Wealth of Nations
Who is John D. Rockerfella?
Involved in standard oil.Noted philanthropist.
What type of integration does John D. Rockerfella?
Horizontal integration- (buying all businesses or driving them out of business) Unoted philanthropist.
Who is Alexander Graham Bell?
Involved in the phone business,.
What type of integration's did Alexander G. Bell use?
Uses Vertical, and horizontal integration. Creating a monopoly.
Who is J.P. Morgan?
Involved in banking, and investing.
What does J.P. Morgan do?
He uses investments to secure financial resources to control industry.
Who made social darwinism?
Herbert Spencer
What does social Darwinism state?
Humans needs purification to get rid of weaker member.
What is Santa Clara Vs. South Pacific?
The case where railroads said that they cant tax them because they are people.
What was the significance of the Santa Clara Vs. South Pacific?
It leads to the growth of american industrialization.
What is the pendolton act?
A thing proposed by arthur to make tests mandatory to see if job will be available for the person.
Which of the following was the name given to the U.S. effort to deliver supplies including 2 million tons of food and coal by air to West Berlin in 1948-1949 in response to the Soviet blockade of the city?
Berlin airlift
The president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and former State Department official accused of being a communist was
Alger Hiss
Containment policy was based on the assumption that
the Soviet Union would constantly seek to expand.
After Mao Zedong's 1949 victory in China, Truman was
criticized by conservatives for not backing Chiang Kai-shek strongly enough
In 1957, President Eisenhower sent troops to protect black high school students in
Little Rock, Arkansas
The landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision which ruled that segregated "educational facilities [in public schools] are inherently unequal" and unconstitutional was
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
In the 1950s, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and executed for
betraying atomic secrets to the Soviets
One result of the 1957 Soviet launch of Sputnik was that
the doctrine of massive retaliation became obsolete
What important fight against the institutional foundations of segregation was brought on by the actions of Rosa Parks?
the Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott
President Eisenhower's program included
running his administration on sound business principles
The Marshall Plan provided
massive economic assistance for Europe
The original purpose of NATO was to create a
mutual defense pact against the Soviet Union.
After World War II, Korea was taken from Japan and
divided along the 38th parallel between the occupying forces of the Soviets and the Americans
The 1944 GI Bill of Rights gave
veterans subsidies for education or opening a small business
The 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine declared that the United States' policy in the Middle East was to
use armed force to stop communist aggression
What 1947 U.S. policy is described in the following statement? "It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures."
Truman Doctrine
The ________ Act of 1947 authorized the president to seek court injunctions to prevent strikes that endangered the national interest
Taft-Hartley
The Soviet Union's aggressive policies after World War II, especially in Eastern Europe, were called extending the "Iron Curtain" by
Winston Churchill
The Wisconsin senator identified with wild charges about communists in government was
Joseph McCarthy
Eisenhower backed a new federally funded highway system, the largest public works project in U.S. history, because
he wanted to ensure safe passage out of threatened cities in case of nuclear attack
Eisenhower's secretary of state who advocated emphasizing massive retaliation with nuclear weapons rather than containment with conventional forces was
John Foster Dulles
Nixon's policy toward school desegregation was to
halt further federal efforts to force desegregation
Kennedy's initial approach to the race question was
exceedingly cautious
The key felony committed by Richard Nixon, which the Watergate tapes revealed, was
obstructing justice by instructing the CIA to persuade the FBI not to follow up its leads in the case
Ultimately, President Nixon
resigned from office
Racial discrimination by employers and formal racial segregation of all sorts were outlawed by the
Civil Rights Act of 1964
How does the text evaluate the overall impact of the Great Society?
It was a remarkable outpouring of important legislation, but its achievements were far short of what it had promised
The Vietcong ________ offensive in January 1968 caught the U.S. totally by surprise and caused great chaos throughout South Vietnam
Tet
In April 1961, the CIA-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba
failed because the Cuban people did not aid the invaders and the invaders were forced to surrender
In 1968, the low-key senator from Minnesota who challenged Lyndon Johnson for the Democratic party's nomination for the presidency was
Eugene McCarthy
The key evidence in the Watergate Affair, several pieces of which were deliberately erased or disposed of, were Nixon's
secret tape recordings of White House conversations and telephone calls
President Richard Nixon's principal plan for ending the American commitment in the Vietnam conflict was
building up the South Vietnamese army in order to withdraw American troops
The leader of the nonviolent civil rights movement was
Martin Luther King, Jr
Early in 1970, Americans learned of a massacre by U.S. forces of defenseless villagers in
My Lai
Nixon's new policy of trying to relax tensions with the Chinese and the Soviets was called
détente
During the Cuban missile crisis, President Kennedy ordered a
naval blockade of Cuba
In the ________ Resolution of 1964, Congress gave President Johnson a blank check for the war in Vietnam
Gulf of Tonkin
The ________ Trail was the major supply route from North to South Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh
The Watergate scandal began on June 17, 1972 when burglars from the Committee to Re-elect the President were arrested while
installing eavesdropping devices at the Democratic party headquarters
The Warren Report on the assassination of President Kennedy did not end charges of a conspiracy because it
protected information about CIA assassination attempts against Fidel Castro
Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X of the Black Muslims urged solving racial turmoil by
rejecting white American society
While millions of Americans watched on television, police used force against unruly protesters at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in
Chicago, Illinois
Harry Truman called his national policies and programs the
Fair Deal
In February 1972, Nixon dramatically reversed previous American policy by visiting and establishing relations with
China
Nativism
Which of the following terms refers to a fear or hatred of immigrants, ethnic minorities, or alien political movements?
American Protective Association
The new nativism of the late nineteenth century was exemplified by the
basketball
In 1891, James Naismith invented the game of
social Darwinists' fears that immigrants would undermine American "racial purity."
One of the causes which eventually led to restrictions on immigration was the
football as a major sport.
Walter Camp played a major role in establishing
southern and eastern Europe.
Beginning in the 1880s, the source of American immigration shifted to new immigrants from
the development of the skyscraper.
Louis H. Sullivan was closely associated with
Social Gospelers
Believed the church should focus on improving the lives of the poor, ending child labor, and regulating the power of big corporations.
tenement.
A residential apartment building, common in New York in the late 1800s, that was built on a tiny lot without consideration of proper lighting and ventilation was known as a
settlement houses.
The community centers started by idealistic young people to guide and help the urban poor were
wealthy founders of new universities.
In the late nineteenth century, Johns Hopkins, Jonas Clark, and John D. Rockefeller were all
realism.
The new literary style of the 1870s and 1880s which often examined social problems such as slum conditions and portrayed people of every social class was
smaller because women married later in life and practiced abstinence.
Middle-class families in the late nineteenth century became
rare exceptions.
Real-life rags-to-riches experiences, like those of Andrew Carnegie, were
immigrants
Many Americans believed that ________ were responsible for cholera epidemics.
theorized that middle-class consumption was done mainly for superficial purposes.
In Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) he
jurisprudence.
The emphasis of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. on evolutionary change had a profound impact upon twentieth-century
realism.
The new literary style of the 1870s and 1880s which often examined social problems such as slum conditions and portrayed people of every social class was
build public libraries.
Industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated millions of dollars to help
Sister Carrie.
One of the first books to treat sex forthrightly was
realism.
American painters of the late nineteenth century such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins painted in a style called
small and intellectually stagnant with few professors of any intellectual repute.
In 1870, most American colleges were
Chautauqua movement.
A form of education which illustrated the popular desire for new information in the late nineteenth century was the
education was the fundamental method of social progress.
The educator John Dewey insisted that
argued that the roots of democracy and the rule of law were found in the ancient tribes of northern Europe.
The late-nineteenth-century theory of the Teutonic origins of democracy
elective
In 1869, Harvard introduced the _____ system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.
Marcus Alonzo Hanna.
In the election of 1896, McKinley's campaign manager, who raised an enormous campaign fund from business, was
Colored Farmers' Alliance.
Southern black Populists often joined the
was insignificant because within two decades the country abandoned basing the volume of currency on bullion.
Ultimately, the battle between gold and silver,
post-Civil War sectional tensions.
The "bloody shirt" issue of the late 1800s refers to
Grand Army of the Republic.
The mammoth organization of Union army veterans that quickly became a powerful national political pressure group was the
Jacob Coxey.
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was
were weak leaders.
The presidents during the last quarter of the nineteenth century
James A. Garfield
In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.
William Marcy Tweed.
The most notorious of all city bosses was
William Jennings Bryan.
The dramatic "Cross of Gold" speech won the 1896 Democratic presidential nomination for
muckrakers.
Theodore Roosevelt called the progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics
W. E. B. Du Bois.
One of the most prominent black militants of the Progressive Era was
Progressivism
Which of the following is a cluster of movements for various forms of social change--some of them contradictory--during the early twentieth century? Supporters of such movements generally opposed corruption and inefficiency in government, monopoly power among corporations, and wayward behavior among immigrants and others.
the solution to social problems was to change faulty institutions.
Progressive reformers tended to believe that
conservation.
Taft got into political hot water in the 1910 Ballinger-Pinchot controversy, which dealt with
New Freedom
Which of the following was Democratic candidate Woodrow Wilson's term in the 1912 presidential campaign for a proposed policy that would restore competition by breaking up the trusts and punishing corporations that violated rules of business conduct?
women's moral superiority would clean up politics if they were given the vote.
One of the suffragists' more successful justifications was the "purity" argument that
felt their ambitions and sense of importance were undermined by the new giant corporations.
Many in the middle class were attracted to progressive reforms because they
economic and sociological evidence.
In Muller v. Oregon (1908) attorney Louis Brandeis presented a "Brandeis brief" to the Supreme Court, which was based on
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
The organization formed in 1909 by a group of liberal whites and blacks to eradicate racial discrimination was the
Plessy v. Ferguson
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
"Crime of '73"
The Coinage Act of 1873, which demonetized silver, came to be known as the ________ by the silver interests.
graduated income tax.
The platform of the People's or Populist party called for a
Senate
During the late 1800s, the legislative body known as a "rich man's club" was the
Booker T. Washington.
The black leader who identified with the Atlanta Compromise was
Cities
The progressives attempted their first political reforms in the
Progressivism
Which of the following is a cluster of movements for various forms of social change--some of them contradictory--during the early twentieth century? Supporters of such movements generally opposed corruption and inefficiency in government, monopoly power among corporations, and wayward behavior among immigrants and others.
regulate rather than eliminate them.
Theodore Roosevelt believed that the most effective means of dealing with big corporations was to
Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle"
Roosevelt sent officials to Chicago to investigate the condition of its slaughterhouses based on which of the following books?
Theodore Roosevelt
The first progressive president and the advocate of the "Square Deal" was
Robert La Follette was particularly associated with
promotion of specialized technical knowledge and legislative reference services to promote progressive reform
gave the country a central banking system for the first time since Jackson
When it was passed in 1913, the Federal Reserve Act
William H. Seward.
The aggressive secretary of state who instigated the purchase of Alaska and pushed his expansionist policies was
an American-led coup and the abolition of the monarchy.
Queen Liliuokalani's "Hawaii for Hawaiians" movement led to
Cuba was forced to promise to grant naval bases to America and to avoid treaties with any foreign power which might compromise its independence.
Under the Platt Amendment,
carry out God's will to spread the virtues of the Anglo-Saxon race beyond North America.
One reason for growing support for an overseas empire among Americans after the Civil War was the desire to
Colombia.
In order to build the Panama Canal on the terms he wanted, President Roosevelt intervened militarily to aid the Panamanian revolt against
Isolationism
Which of the following is a national policy that eschews foreign alliances, such as was propounded by George Washington in his "Farewell Address"? This policy was also embraced by part of the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 and after the First World War, when the United States refused to join the League of Nations and sought to distance itself during the 1930s from the rumblings of another world war.
Maine
In February 1898 the American battleship ________ mysteriously exploded in Havana harbor.
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
Early in the twentieth century, the United States announced that it must "exercise...an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere in the
be unconstitutional if statehood was not a possibility.
Some anti-imperialists objected to annexing the Philippines because it would
were accustomed to protecting American interests in Latin America under the Monroe Doctrine.
Americans had stronger reasons for extending their influence in Latin America rather than in the Pacific because they
American policy toward the warring powers.
In the presidential election of 1916, the leading issue was
League of Nations.
Wilson believed that any weaknesses in the Versailles Treaty could be overcome by the
the belief by many Americans that unions were associated with communism.
The work of radicals in the labor movement led to
poorly prepared.
When the United States entered the Great War, from a military point of view, the country was
John J. Pershing.
The American Expeditionary Force was commanded by General
Sedition
During the Great War, mere criticism of the government became cause for arrest and imprisonment under the ________ Act.
Henry Cabot Lodge.
The leader of the Republican opposition in the Senate to Wilson's League of Nations was
assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist.
The Great War was precipitated by the
Zimmermann
In February, 1917, the U.S. learned of the ________ Telegram in which Germany offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.
Mexico
In 1916, United States troops, commanded by General John J. Pershing, invaded ________ to capture "Pancho" Villa.
Taft
President ________ called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them "dollar diplomacy."
China
At the turn of the twentieth century, the so-called Boxer Rebellion broke out in
devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
Navy
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful
Teller Amendment
Which of the following was a rider to the 1898 war resolution with Spain whereby Congress pledged that it did not intend to annex Cuba and that it would recognize Cuban independence from Spain?
Congress was not bound to follow the Constitution in legislating for colonies.
In the "insular cases" the Supreme Court ruled that
Lusitania
Many Americans were shocked and outraged when the British liner ________ was torpedoed and almost 1200 people died.
Herbert Hoover.
The former mining engineer and head of the Belgian Relief Commission, whom
Wilson named to mobilize America's agricultural resources, was
buy "Victory" and "Liberty" bonds.
During the Great War, the federal government asked citizens to
Americans traditionally feared entanglement in European affairs.
Many Americans favored neutrality during the Great War because
Woodrow Wilson
The idealistic president who set out to raise the moral tone of American foreign policy by denouncing dollar diplomacy was
Fourteen Points.
President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after the Great War was known as the
War Industries Board.
During the Great War, the government agency which had almost dictatorial
powers to allocate scarce materials and fix prices was the
Nativism
Which of the following terms refers to a fear or hatred of immigrants, ethnic minorities, or alien political movements?
American Protective Association
The new nativism of the late nineteenth century was exemplified by the
basketball
In 1891, James Naismith invented the game of
social Darwinists' fears that immigrants would undermine American "racial purity."
One of the causes which eventually led to restrictions on immigration was the
football as a major sport.
Walter Camp played a major role in establishing
southern and eastern Europe.
Beginning in the 1880s, the source of American immigration shifted to new immigrants from
the development of the skyscraper.
Louis H. Sullivan was closely associated with
Social Gospelers
Believed the church should focus on improving the lives of the poor, ending child labor, and regulating the power of big corporations.
tenement.
A residential apartment building, common in New York in the late 1800s, that was built on a tiny lot without consideration of proper lighting and ventilation was known as a
settlement houses.
The community centers started by idealistic young people to guide and help the urban poor were
wealthy founders of new universities.
In the late nineteenth century, Johns Hopkins, Jonas Clark, and John D. Rockefeller were all
realism.
The new literary style of the 1870s and 1880s which often examined social problems such as slum conditions and portrayed people of every social class was
smaller because women married later in life and practiced abstinence.
Middle-class families in the late nineteenth century became
rare exceptions.
Real-life rags-to-riches experiences, like those of Andrew Carnegie, were
immigrants
Many Americans believed that ________ were responsible for cholera epidemics.
theorized that middle-class consumption was done mainly for superficial purposes.
In Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) he
jurisprudence.
The emphasis of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. on evolutionary change had a profound impact upon twentieth-century
realism.
The new literary style of the 1870s and 1880s which often examined social problems such as slum conditions and portrayed people of every social class was
build public libraries.
Industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated millions of dollars to help
Sister Carrie.
One of the first books to treat sex forthrightly was
realism.
American painters of the late nineteenth century such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins painted in a style called
small and intellectually stagnant with few professors of any intellectual repute.
In 1870, most American colleges were
Chautauqua movement.
A form of education which illustrated the popular desire for new information in the late nineteenth century was the
education was the fundamental method of social progress.
The educator John Dewey insisted that
argued that the roots of democracy and the rule of law were found in the ancient tribes of northern Europe.
The late-nineteenth-century theory of the Teutonic origins of democracy
elective
In 1869, Harvard introduced the _____ system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.
Marcus Alonzo Hanna.
In the election of 1896, McKinley's campaign manager, who raised an enormous campaign fund from business, was
Colored Farmers' Alliance.
Southern black Populists often joined the
was insignificant because within two decades the country abandoned basing the volume of currency on bullion.
Ultimately, the battle between gold and silver,
post-Civil War sectional tensions.
The "bloody shirt" issue of the late 1800s refers to
Grand Army of the Republic.
The mammoth organization of Union army veterans that quickly became a powerful national political pressure group was the
Jacob Coxey.
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was
were weak leaders.
The presidents during the last quarter of the nineteenth century
James A. Garfield
In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.
William Marcy Tweed.
The most notorious of all city bosses was
William Jennings Bryan.
The dramatic "Cross of Gold" speech won the 1896 Democratic presidential nomination for
muckrakers.
Theodore Roosevelt called the progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics
W. E. B. Du Bois.
One of the most prominent black militants of the Progressive Era was
Progressivism
Which of the following is a cluster of movements for various forms of social change--some of them contradictory--during the early twentieth century? Supporters of such movements generally opposed corruption and inefficiency in government, monopoly power among corporations, and wayward behavior among immigrants and others.
the solution to social problems was to change faulty institutions.
Progressive reformers tended to believe that
conservation.
Taft got into political hot water in the 1910 Ballinger-Pinchot controversy, which dealt with
New Freedom
Which of the following was Democratic candidate Woodrow Wilson's term in the 1912 presidential campaign for a proposed policy that would restore competition by breaking up the trusts and punishing corporations that violated rules of business conduct?
women's moral superiority would clean up politics if they were given the vote.
One of the suffragists' more successful justifications was the "purity" argument that
felt their ambitions and sense of importance were undermined by the new giant corporations.
Many in the middle class were attracted to progressive reforms because they
economic and sociological evidence.
In Muller v. Oregon (1908) attorney Louis Brandeis presented a "Brandeis brief" to the Supreme Court, which was based on
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
The organization formed in 1909 by a group of liberal whites and blacks to eradicate racial discrimination was the
Plessy v. Ferguson
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
"Crime of '73"
The Coinage Act of 1873, which demonetized silver, came to be known as the ________ by the silver interests.
graduated income tax.
The platform of the People's or Populist party called for a
Senate
During the late 1800s, the legislative body known as a "rich man's club" was the
Booker T. Washington.
The black leader who identified with the Atlanta Compromise was
Cities
The progressives attempted their first political reforms in the
Progressivism
Which of the following is a cluster of movements for various forms of social change--some of them contradictory--during the early twentieth century? Supporters of such movements generally opposed corruption and inefficiency in government, monopoly power among corporations, and wayward behavior among immigrants and others.
regulate rather than eliminate them.
Theodore Roosevelt believed that the most effective means of dealing with big corporations was to
Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle"
Roosevelt sent officials to Chicago to investigate the condition of its slaughterhouses based on which of the following books?
Theodore Roosevelt
The first progressive president and the advocate of the "Square Deal" was
Robert La Follette was particularly associated with
promotion of specialized technical knowledge and legislative reference services to promote progressive reform
gave the country a central banking system for the first time since Jackson
When it was passed in 1913, the Federal Reserve Act
William H. Seward.
The aggressive secretary of state who instigated the purchase of Alaska and pushed his expansionist policies was
an American-led coup and the abolition of the monarchy.
Queen Liliuokalani's "Hawaii for Hawaiians" movement led to
Cuba was forced to promise to grant naval bases to America and to avoid treaties with any foreign power which might compromise its independence.
Under the Platt Amendment,
carry out God's will to spread the virtues of the Anglo-Saxon race beyond North America.
One reason for growing support for an overseas empire among Americans after the Civil War was the desire to
Colombia.
In order to build the Panama Canal on the terms he wanted, President Roosevelt intervened militarily to aid the Panamanian revolt against
Isolationism
Which of the following is a national policy that eschews foreign alliances, such as was propounded by George Washington in his "Farewell Address"? This policy was also embraced by part of the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 and after the First World War, when the United States refused to join the League of Nations and sought to distance itself during the 1930s from the rumblings of another world war.
Maine
In February 1898 the American battleship ________ mysteriously exploded in Havana harbor.
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
Early in the twentieth century, the United States announced that it must "exercise...an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere in the
be unconstitutional if statehood was not a possibility.
Some anti-imperialists objected to annexing the Philippines because it would
were accustomed to protecting American interests in Latin America under the Monroe Doctrine.
Americans had stronger reasons for extending their influence in Latin America rather than in the Pacific because they
American policy toward the warring powers.
In the presidential election of 1916, the leading issue was
League of Nations.
Wilson believed that any weaknesses in the Versailles Treaty could be overcome by the
the belief by many Americans that unions were associated with communism.
The work of radicals in the labor movement led to
poorly prepared.
When the United States entered the Great War, from a military point of view, the country was
John J. Pershing.
The American Expeditionary Force was commanded by General
Sedition
During the Great War, mere criticism of the government became cause for arrest and imprisonment under the ________ Act.
Henry Cabot Lodge.
The leader of the Republican opposition in the Senate to Wilson's League of Nations was
assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist.
The Great War was precipitated by the
Zimmermann
In February, 1917, the U.S. learned of the ________ Telegram in which Germany offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.
Mexico
In 1916, United States troops, commanded by General John J. Pershing, invaded ________ to capture "Pancho" Villa.
Taft
President ________ called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them "dollar diplomacy."
China
At the turn of the twentieth century, the so-called Boxer Rebellion broke out in
devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
Navy
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful
Teller Amendment
Which of the following was a rider to the 1898 war resolution with Spain whereby Congress pledged that it did not intend to annex Cuba and that it would recognize Cuban independence from Spain?
Congress was not bound to follow the Constitution in legislating for colonies.
In the "insular cases" the Supreme Court ruled that
Lusitania
Many Americans were shocked and outraged when the British liner ________ was torpedoed and almost 1200 people died.
Herbert Hoover.
The former mining engineer and head of the Belgian Relief Commission, whom
Wilson named to mobilize America's agricultural resources, was
buy "Victory" and "Liberty" bonds.
During the Great War, the federal government asked citizens to
Americans traditionally feared entanglement in European affairs.
Many Americans favored neutrality during the Great War because
Woodrow Wilson
The idealistic president who set out to raise the moral tone of American foreign policy by denouncing dollar diplomacy was
Fourteen Points.
President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after the Great War was known as the
War Industries Board.
During the Great War, the government agency which had almost dictatorial
powers to allocate scarce materials and fix prices was the
Who proposed the 10% plan?
Abraham Lincoln
What was the 10% plan?
A plan for reconstruction, that made the 13th am. accepted, must pledge loyalty to union, then admitted to the union.
When was the 10% plan placed?
During reconstruction, before the pardon system.
How is the 10% plan significant?
It shows the fatigue of the northern states, pushes radical republicans to an extreme position after Lincolns death.
Who proposed the pardon system?
Andrew Jonson
What is the pardon system?
A plan for reconstruction, that made all southern states must receive pardon.
What is the process of the pardon plan?
If more than 20,000 land, then must have a personal pardon (all accepted), less than 2,000 then automatically pardoned.
Why is the pardon system significant?
It shows importance of the south to Johnson, leads to harsher form of reconstruction.
When was the pardon system?
After the 10% plan. Before the military reconstruction Act.
Who proposed the military reconstruction act?
The radical republicans.
What was the military reconstruction act?
A plan for reconstruction, that divided the south into five military districts(Not TN) no confederate generals can hold offices, all states must rewrite constitutions.
When was the military reconstruction act?
After the pardon system, leads until republicans decide to change it.
Why is the military reconstruction act significant?
It ultimately decides southern reconstruction.
What does the 13th am. state?
Abolishes slavery.
What does the 14th am. state?
Due process of law, qualifies African Americans as citizens.
What does the 15th am. state?
Full voting rights to all men.
What are the exceptions to the 15th am?
Poll taxes, literary tests.
Who funds the Freedman's Bureau
The federal Program.
What does the Freedman's Bureau do?
It helps freed slaves to freed status.With education, and jobs, housing.
When did the Freedman's Bureau operate?
During reconstruction.
Where did the Freedman's Bureau help freed slaves?
The south.
What is the significance of the Freedman's Bureau?
It shows commitment to the freed slaves.
Who are scalywags?
Southerners who vote republican.
Why is the scalywags significant?
It shows the power of the republicans toward the south.
Who are carpetbaggers?
Northerners inside the south that sell manufactured goods for a profit.
Why is the carpetbaggers significant?
It shows the strength of the northern states in industry.
What is the Ku Klux Klan?
A group who are formed illegally to frighten minorities.
Who do The KKK scare other than blacks?
Carpetbaggers .
Who is in the compromise of 1878?
Samuel Tilden (D), Ruth ford B. Hayes (R)
What is the compromise of 1878?
Tilden and Hayes have made a tie, Hayes invites Tilden to dinner for a compromise for presidency .
What was the compromise of 1878?
Southerner (D) on Hayes's cabinet, federal funds to fix south's transportation, end military reconstruction act, south control race relations.
Why is the compromise of 1878 significant?
It ends reconstruction, backwards in race relation.
Who is Andrew Carnigee?
He invaded steel production.
What form of integration does Andrew Carnigee use?
He used vertical integration- buying all elements of production.
What does Andrew write?
The gospel of Wealth.
What is the gospel of Wealth?
Relationship between religion and money. God gave him money to give back.
What is the lazzies faire?
The economic government body that means no govt regulation.
Who is Adam Smith?
An economist who wrote Wealth of Nations
Who is John D. Rockerfella?
Involved in standard oil.Noted philanthropist.
What type of integration does John D. Rockerfella?
Horizontal integration- (buying all businesses or driving them out of business) Unoted philanthropist.
Who is Alexander Graham Bell?
Involved in the phone business,.
What type of integration's did Alexander G. Bell use?
Uses Vertical, and horizontal integration. Creating a monopoly.
Who is J.P. Morgan?
Involved in banking, and investing.
What does J.P. Morgan do?
He uses investments to secure financial resources to control industry.
Who made social darwinism?
Herbert Spencer
What does social Darwinism state?
Humans needs purification to get rid of weaker member.
What is Santa Clara Vs. South Pacific?
The case where railroads said that they cant tax them because they are people.
What was the significance of the Santa Clara Vs. South Pacific?
It leads to the growth of american industrialization.
What is the pendolton act?
A thing proposed by arthur to make tests mandatory to see if job will be available for the person.
automobile
During the 1920s, the ________ industry had the single most important impact on the nation's booming economy.
Charles Lindbergh.
In May 1927, the first solo non-stop flight from New York to Paris was made in the Spirit of St. Louis by
sought protective legislation for working women.
Those considered "social feminists" in the 1920s
Sinclair Lewis
Probably America's most popular novelist of the 1920s, ________ satirized contemporary society in Main Street and Babbitt.
teaching evolution in the public schools.
The 1925 Dayton, Tennessee "Monkey Trial" dealt with
They found it much more difficult to immigrate.
During the 1920s, how were immigrants from southern and eastern Europe affected by the new quota system of immigration?
realized mass production could make a car cheap enough for the average consumer.
It would be accurate to say that Henry Ford...
radicals and aliens
The Sacco-Vanzetti case that inspired many intellectuals demonstrated that American justice had little sympathy towards
Harlem Renaissance.
The flourishing of black literature, theatre, and music during the twenties was known as the
related in an increasingly relaxed and uninhibited fashion.
During the 1920s, young men and women
pro-big business.
During the 1920s, appointments to federal regulatory agencies such as the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal Reserve Board were generally
repayment of debts from the Great War.
The democracies failed to unite to resist totalitarianism during the 1920s and 1930s because they disagreed with each other over the
lend funds to banks and corporations on the verge of collapse.
Hoover's program for ending the Depression called for the federal government to
homeless people.
During the Great Depression, "Hoovervilles" became homes for
Wives' influence tended to increase.
How were families of the unemployed affected by the Great Depression?
Warren G. Harding.
The Ohio gang is associated with President
proposed reducing the income tax on high incomes and abolishing the inheritance tax.
His admirers regarded Andrew Mellon as the greatest secretary of the treasury since Alexander Hamilton because he
do what was necessary to protect individuals and advance the public good.
Unlike the policies of his opponent, Franklin Roosevelt pledged during his campaign that his administration would
Warren G. Harding.
The illegal leasing of government oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming, was the worst scandal involving the administration of President
refusal to allow federal funds to be used for direct relief for individuals.
One important aspect of the way Hoover dealt with the Depression was his
rural.
The prohibition movement was most strongly supported by ________ Americans.
Alice Paul
In the 1920s, ________ led the campaign for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
religious fundamentalism.
Urban-rural tensions of the twenties produced a resurgence of
Jim Thorpe
The Sac and Fox Indian who was probably the greatest all-around athlete of the twentieth century was
increasing wages.
Henry Ford believed that an important aspect in increasing output was
stock market crash of October, 1929
President Hoover's assurance that "the business of the country...is on a sound and prosperous basis" preceded which of the following events?
join the League of Nations despite its previous objections.
Under the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, the United States agreed to
"Good neighbor" policy
Which of the following was President Herbert Hoover's policy to promote better relations between the United States and nations in the Western Hemisphere? It declared America's intention to disclaim the right to intervention pronounced in the Platt Amendment and the Roosevelt Corollary.
Dawes
The 1924 ________ Plan attempted to solve Germany's post-war financial problems by granting it a $200 million loan.
retreating into isolationism.
Immediately after the Great War, Americans generally were
New Deal.
President Franklin Roosevelt called his plan of reform and recovery the