49 terms

Bald Eagle Basics

This set includes terms from our vertebrate unit with a focus on birds
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Aves
Class that includes birds
Bernoulli's Principle
Used to describe how a bird gets "lift" to enable it to fly; air flows faster over the top of a curved wing than below the wing.
Binomial Nomenclature
Classification system that assigns a two-word name for an organism
Biomagnification
Occurs when poison units increase as you move up the food chain
Broods
Number of times a bird lays eggs each year
Class
Classification group of related orders
Clutch
Number of eggs laid at one time
Contour
Feathers that add shape to a bird's body and wings
Diurnal
Animals that are active during the day
Down
Feathers that are used as insulation
Eaglet
Term for a baby eagle
Ectothermic
Refers to cold-blooded animals
Endothermic
Refers to warm-blooded animals
Eyries
An eagle's nest
Family
Classification group of related genus
Feathers
Used for flight, defense, and protection
Fledging
Term for a bird's first flight
Genus
Makes up the first part of an organism's scientific name
G-forces
Refers to gravitational forces
Gizzard
Organ used to grind up food
Crop
Organ used to store food
Habitat
Place where an organism lives
Immature
Refers to young eagle who are not able to reproduce; all brown
Imprinting
Human influence that could affect a wild animal's behavior
Incubation
Length of time spent keeping the eggs warm
Keratin
Substance that makes up a bird's beak and talons
Kingdom
Broadest classification group
Migration
Seasonal movement of animals
Molting
Process of shedding and regrowing feathers
Muscles
Makes up 50% of a flying bird's body weight
Nocturnal
Animals that are active during the night
Order
Classification group of related families
Phylum
Second broadest classification group
Pirating
Stealing food from another eagle
Preening
Process of caring for feathers
Raptors
Birds of prey with good eyesight, curved beaks, and talons
Scientific Name
Made up of an organism's genus and species
Skeleton
Made up of hollow bones in a bird that flies
Species
Makes up the second part of an organism's scientific name
Talons
Refers to the sharp claws on a raptor's feet
Taxonomy
Science of classification
Thermals
Rising currents of warm air used during flight
Amphibians
Includes frogs, toads, and salamanders
Reptiles
Includes snakes, lizards, and turtles
Fish
Includes cartilaginous, bony, and jawless
Mammals
Includes humans, whales, and platypus
Adult
An _______ is a mature eagle with white head and tail feathers as well as yellow eyes, beak, and feet
Falconry
Sport of raising and hunting raptors
Beak
This feature on a bird's head can provide clues about what a bird eats and/or how it gets its food