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West Civ Unit 8.1
Terms in this set (29)
The Battle of Hattin
Christian forces are massacred by Islamic General Saladin
When was The Battle of Hattin?
What did Saladin conquer during the Battle of Hattin?
the Kingdom of Jerusalem
What was King Richard's nickname?
Richard the Lionheart
King of England during 1189-1199
Who was King Richard's brother?
a tax used to raise money for the Third Crusade
When did King Richard set out to reconquer the Kingdom of Jerusalem?
When does Richard capture Acre?
When did Richard march on Jerusalem?
What did Richard notice about Jerusalem when he marched there? (2)
Realizes that the city could be captured
Richard's army would be unable to hold it
When did King John star a rebellion? Why?
1192, attempt to steal the crown
When did Richard and Saladin sign a Peace Treaty?
September 2, 1192
What was the
Christians allowed to Keep the Coastal Cities in the Kingdom of Jerusalem
The city of Jerusalem remains under Muslim control
What was the
Eleventh-century dispute between Pope Gregory VII and the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Who could claim authority over the Church in a King's land? The Papacy or the King?
King choses his nobles, while the Pope chooses his bishops
King of England during 1199-1216
What happened between John and Pope Innocent III?
Pope Innocent III appointed the bishops, but John rejected the nominee
What happened to John when he rejected Innocent's bishop nominee?
he was excommunicated by Innocent III
When did John lose England's northern French Territory?
How does John plan to regain his lost land?
Attempts to raise a new army
direct tax that replaced a nobles military obligations to the king
What happened in Northern France in 1214?
John's forces are unsuccessful in retaking English land
What happened in England in 1214?
John's nobles organized and rebel against the crown
What happened in London in 1215?
Nobility forces John to sign the Magna Carta or "Great Charter"
What was the
Listed Rights and Responsibilities:
What were the rights and responsibilities for the nobility according to the Magna Carta?
Not obliged to provide the king with a tax in lieu of military service
What were the rights and responsibilities for the common man according to the Magna Carta?
Endowed with rights that the king could not take away
What is the significance of the Magna Carta? (4)
King was not above the law
Placed a limit on Royal Power
Made it equal for both parties
No one was way more powerful than another
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