Honors Theology 12 Midterm
Terms in this set (120)
One characteristic of any sacrament is that it is a mystery and cannot be fully explained.
As members of the Body of Christ, we are always united to Christ but rarely united to other members of the Church.
According to the hypostatic union, Jesus is fully human, but not fully divine.
Anointing of the Sick is one of the Seven Sacraments of the Church.
Jesus should be seen as "the eighth sacrament" because he is the ultimate sign of God's life and love among us.
The laity of the Church has been given a mission to carry the Gospel into all parts of the world.
A sacrament is a visible sign of an invisible grace.
The marks or characteristic traits of the Church are that it is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.
Through our Baptism, we are made prophets and must try our best to predict the future.
The liturgy allows people to participate through prayer and celebration in the fruits of the Paschal Mystery.
Confirmation has been called the Sacrament of Reconciliation and Forgiveness.
Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit after He returned to the Father.
Early in the Church, the laying of hands was added to an anointing with perfumed oil when followers of Jesus were confirmed.
Confirmation has always been a separate sacrament that stood on its own.
The Council of Trent defended Confirmation against Protestant complaints that Baptism had been weakened.
In 1910, St. Pope Pius X demanded that children receiving First Communion should be at least twelve years of age.
The age for the reception of Confirmation can be established in each diocese.
The Church prefers that a person from the candidate's own family be selected as a Confirmation sponsor.
Chrism is blessed by the bishop at the Chrism Mass on Holy Thursday.
It is the role of the parish pastor to question those being confirmed about their faith during the Confirmation liturgy.
The breaking of the bread is another way to refer to the Eucharistic liturgy.
Any sort of bread and any wine are authorized for use in the Eucharistic liturgy.
There were no precedents in Jewish history for the offering of bread and wine to God a Jesus did at the Last Supper.
When Jesus told his followers that they should eat his flesh and drink his blood, all quickly agreed.
The Jewish practice of covenant offering symbolized solemn agreements between Yahweh and the Israelites.
During the early days of Christianity, the Eucharist was celebrated right after a regular meal in a member's home.
The pattern and format for the celebration of the Eucharist has not really changed since the beginning of the Church.
On special occasions, an ordained deacon is permitted to consecrate the bread and wine so that they become the Body and Blood of Christ.
The Church teaches that the Eucharist "represents" the sacrifice of Christ's suffering and death on the cross.
The Mass is divided into two main parts: the Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of Service.
Catholics now participate in the Sacrament of Reconciliation at the same rate they have in the past.
Jesus taught that sin was a "hardness of heart" because a sinner's heart was hardened against friendship with God.
Jesus told his followers to forget about obeying the law or prophets since he was introducing a new law.
Jesus gave the apostles the power to forgive sins in his name.
Private confessions, as we know it today, didn't really develop until the nineteenth century.
At one time in Church history, the penitent had to return to the confessor priest to receive absolution after the penance was completed.
Confessors once consulted books called penitentiaries to determine what penance should be given for each sin.
The revised Rite of Penance permits only private and individual confession with individual absolution.
In preparing for the celebration of the Sacrament of Penance, the only thing needed is to review whether or not one of the Ten Commandments has been broken.
Personal sins include both mental sins and actual sins against our covenant with God and others.
The Church no longer includes the three "I reject Satan" statements in the Sacrament of Baptism.
The Spirit of God bringing forth life from the waters during creation is a prefiguring of Baptism.
Jesus really didn't need to be baptized by John the Baptist because he was without sin.
In the first three centuries, Christian Initiation consisted of two steps - the Precatechumenate and the Catechumenate.
The Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults (RCIA) has been continuously used to initiate people into the Church since the Church began
Every non-baptized person, whether a child or an adult, is eligible for Baptism.
The Baptism of adults, infants, and children must take place at the Easter Vigil.
Because Baptism forgives only Original Sin, the forgiveness of personal sin must wait until the new Catholic receives the Sacrament of Reconciliation.
Before the sin of Adam and Eve, those first human beings and all other creatures lived in perfect harmony, health, and happiness.
Being baptized entities each member of the Church to other spiritual resources of the Church, including the right to receive the sacraments for which they are eligible.
Eucharist transforms our lives so that we can imitate Jesus but only during Mass.
In the liturgy, the events of Christ's passion and death are made present for us, over and over.
It's easy to see visible signs of God's blessings in creation.
Christians should not assume that Jesus is constantly present in the Church.
During his life and ministry, Jesus celebrated all Seven Sacraments of the Church much as we celebrate them today.
Christ gave the Church the power to create rituals for the sacraments.
When a liturgy is celebrated, Jesus celebrates it with those in heaven and on earth.
The traditional gestures used in each sacrament are called the form.
Church has a 5-year cycle of Sunday readings and a 4-year cycle of weekday Scripture readings for Mass.
The Ascension, a feast celebrated on the Thursday that occurs forty days after Easter, celebrates the return of Jesus to heaven.
The "liturgy" or public work of the Church refers to:
A) the ministries of lecturing or serving as Eucharistic minister, ministries that are highly visible.
B) participating through prayer and celebration in the Paschal Mystery of Jesus.
C) serving in food pantries or other ministries that serve the public.
D) singing in the choir or helping to prepare for the liturgical celebrations.
Jesus is called an "efficacious sign" which means
A) his own name gave a clue about his true identity.
B) he is not only pointed to God's love he
brought it to people.
C) he shared gospel stories and parables so effectively.
D) he never changed or diminished his teaching about God.
The three traits found in every sacrament are that it is:
A) available to all Catholics.administered by
a priest celebrated at Mass.
B) a mystery, a visible sign of an invisible
C) a mystery presented in the Gospels, celebrated at Mass.
D) efficacious, prayerful, administered by a priest.
The Church is called a mystery because:
A) no one can memorize every Church law and regulations.
B) people in the hierarchy are difficult to understand.
C) it can't be fully understood or explained.
D) many important ancient Church documents have been lost.
The "marks" or tell-tale characteristics of the Church are:
A) open to all, holy, everlasting, based in Rome
B) one, holy, catholic, and Gospel-based
C) one, holy, catholic, and apostolic
D) international, headed by popes, committed
to the Eucharist, holy
Who is called to holiness?
A) Bishop, priest, deacons
B) Religious Brothers and Sisters
C) Lay people
D) All of the above
By the communion of saints, the Church means:
A) the people of any parish who have
received the Eucharist at Mass.
B) all the canonized saints of the Church.
C) all those in heaven-the canonized and un-canonized saints.
D) all those redeemed in Christ in heaven, in purgatory, and those still living on earth.
By human solidarity, the Church means:
A) donations sent to help tin needy- or those in crisis.
B) a willingness to help following a disaster.
C) a special compassion for and commitment to others in the Body of Christ who are hurting.
D) articles in church bulletins and newspapers about people who are poor or in need.
According to the Second Vatican Council, the sacraments transform us into Church. An example of would be the way we receive special strength to spread and witness to Christ and the faith through the sacrament of:
B) Holy Orders.
As members of the Body of Christ, we join in his three-fold mission as:
D) all of the above.
During the Confirmation Rite, the laying on of hands done by the Apostles is represented now by:
A) a blessing given by the bishop and the presiding priest.
B) the extension of the bishop's hands.
C) a handshake between the bishop and each candidate.
D) the sponsor's placing of his or her hand on the candidate's shoulder.
The anointing with chrism that takes place during Confirmation signifies:
A) that those confirmed will be spiritually strengthened.
B) that an indelible sacramental seal now marks the person.
C) that the candidate is to be seen as an adult member of the Church.
D) that the Holy Spirit claims this person for Christ in a new way.
Which characteristic is not a qualification required of a Confirmation sponsor?
A) must be at least sixteen years of age
B) must be a member of the same parish as the candidate
C) must have received all of the Sacraments of initiation
D) must be leading a life in harmony with the faith
Which grace is not associated with the reception of confirmation?
A) a more intense relationship with the Holy Spirit
B) anew identity as maturing members of the Church
C) the forgiveness of personal sins
D) a strengthening of graces given at Baptism
The Council of Trent defines the age range for a Confirmation candidate as:
A) between ten and twenty.
B) the teenage years.
C) between the age of discernment and about the of sixteen.
D) between the age of ten and fourteen.
The traditional order of the reception of the Sacrament of Initiation was:
A) Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist.
B) Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation.
C) Baptism, Penance, Eucharist.
D) Baptism, Penance, Confirmation.
Among the changes in the celebration of confirmation approved after 1971 are:
A) the celebration of Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist at the same time when adults are becoming Catholics.
B) the preference that baptismal godparents also serve as Confirmation sponsors.
C) the expectation that those confirmed will donate service hours to their parish every year.
D) both A and B.
In many diocese.the bishops verify that Confirmation candidates understand the meaning of Confirmation by:
A) reviewing the quizzes and tests taken by candidates.
B) asking them several questions after the homily.
C) interviewing catechists who prepared the candidates.
D) all the above.
During the Confirmation Rite, the bishop traces a small cross on each candidate's:
A) right and left wrists.
C) right palm.
The Church makes the bishop the minister of Confirmation in order to:
A) help each parish get to know him.
B) lighten the load for parish priests.
C) emphasize the importance of the
sacrament for Church unity.
D) make sure that the confirmed don't take the sacraments for granted.
At the beginning of Mass, there is a rite of blessing and a sprinkling of holy water at:
A) the Offertory.
B) the Penitential Rite.
C) the Sending Forth.
D) the gospel reading and homily.
The highest point of the Liturgy of the Eucharist is:
A) the Penitential Rite.
B) the Eucharistic Prayer.
C) the reading of the Gospel.
D) the recitation of the Great Amen.
Catholics believe that the bread and wine are changed into the Body and Blood of Christ when the priest:
A) first approaches the altar at the beginning of mass.
B) recites the Words of Institution.
C) delivers the homily.
D) receives the Offertory gifts.
Intercessions offered during the Eucharistic liturgy typically include:
A) prayers for all those gathered for the Eucharistic celebration.
B) prayers for the conversion of all
non-Christians to Catholicism
C) prayers for the pope, bishop, and clergy
D) both A and C
The Communion Prayer includes:
A) the reading of the Gospel and the Homily given by the priest.
B) the Offertory and Intercessions.
C) the Lord's Prayer, the Rite of Peace, Fraction Rite, Reception of Communion, and Prayer after Communion.
D) the reception of Communion.
Among the Spiritual Works of Mercy, we should carry out as we become Jesus for others are:
A) sheltering the homeless.
B) visiting the imprisoned.
C) comforting the sorrowful.
D) spending time in personal prayer.
The requirements for the proper reception of the Eucharist or Holy Communion include:
A) being in the state of grace.
B) being at least eight years of age.
C) having fasted at least one hour from food or drink.
D) both A and C.
The "Missa" or "Sending Forth" at the end of Mass:
A) sends people out to read Scripture every day.
B) sends people out to spread the Gospel.
C) sends people out to raise money for the poor.
D)sends people out to convert others to Catholicism.
The "source and summit of the Christian life" is a description of the Eucharist from:
A) Pope John Paul II.
B) the New Testament.
C) Canon Law.
D) the Second Vatican Council.
The Sunday obligation that requires Catholics to participate at Mass on Sundays and holy days is rooted in:
A) the Gospel of John.
B) the documents of Vatican II.
C) the Third Commandment.
D) Levitic Law.
Personal sins, sins for which only an individual is responsible, could include:
A) spreading false rumors about a specific person.
B) indulging in excessive consumerism.
C) committing murder.
D) all of the above.
A confessor might impose any of the following as a penance except:
A) making a public confession of every mortal sin.
C) service to a neighbor.
D) sacrifice or self-denial.
The word "reconciliation" comes from a Greek word meaning:
A) "to be generous."
B) "to pray without stopping."
C) "to rejoin or put back together."
D) "to return to life."
People who have been transformed by the Sacrament of Penance often discipline themselves through:
A) prayer and fasting.
C) telling others about the benefits of the sacrament.
D) both A and B.
All of these are names for the Sacrament of Penance except:
A) the Sacrament of Thanksgiving.
Which of the following is not a part of individual confession?
A) the singing of a hymn.
B) the Sign of the Cross.
C) confession of sins.
D) the Act of Contrition.
In the Sacrament of Reconciliation and Penance, the most important act of the penitent is:
A) recalling and confessing all sins.
B) listening to the priest's advice and counsel.
C) expressing and feeling true contrition.
D) doing the penance immediately.
An inclination to sin that affect all human beings because of the inherited effects of Original Sin is called:
Which circumstances is not one of the three conditions necessary for a sin to be mortal?
A) The sin must affect a lot of people.
B) The person must understand the gravity of the sin.
C) the person must completely consent to the sin.
D) the sinful action must be of a grave or serious matter.
The different ways to celebrate the Sacrament of Penance permitted by the revised Rite of Penance include:
A) a sacramental Reconciliation via teleconference or a webcam video-conference.
B) private individual confession and individual absolution.
C) communal celebration with individual absolution.
D) both B and C.
One of the rights that comes with membership in the Catholic Church is:
A) the right to hear the Word of God ad Have it explained.
B) the right to preach occasional homilies.
C) the right to baptize others coming into the Church.
D) the right to preside at the marriage of friends or family members.
The cardinal or "hinge" virtues that Baptism helps us to acquire are:
A) faith, hope, charity, and humility.
B) piety and fortitude.
C) prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.
D) faith and fortitude.
The elements of the Sacrament of Baptism include:
A) only the sign of the Cross and the Essential Baptismal Rite.
B) only the Baptismal Rite itself.
C) the Sign of the Cross, the reading of the Word of God, Exorcisms and the
Profession of Faith, Blessing of the Water, Baptismal Rite, Anointing with Chrism, Receiving the white garment and lit candle.
D) only the Exorcism and Baptismal Rite.
Which is not an effect of Original Sin?
A) sin proliferation throughout the world.
B) deep tensions developed between men and women.
C) human beings become subject to sickness and death.
D) Adam and Eve become holier in the long run.
A passage in Genesis that is called the Protoevangelium or the "first Gospel":
A) is a prophecy about Noah and the flood.
B) warns the serpent Satan that a Messiah
will come and strike him.
C) tells Adam and Eve how they must live outside the Garden.
D) explains that creation is good.
The traditional gifts of the Holy Spirit are:
A) faith,hope and charity.
B) wisdom, understanding, counsel and fortitude.
C) knowledge, piety, and fear of the Lord
D) both b and c.
The Scrutinies, part of the RCIA Initiation process, are:
A) prayers for the elect seeking forgiveness and strength for them.
B) questions the RCIA program asks catechumens about their expectations of Catholicism.
C) lists of "need to know" facts for those interested in the faith.
D) questions catechumens can ask baptized Catholics about the faith.
During the first Christian centuries, the period of evangelization and initial conversion was called:
A) the Catechumenate.
B) the Mystagogia.
C) the purification or Enlightenment.
D) the Precatechumenate.
If people live a life according to God's will but are not baptized before they die, the Church teaches that they are saved through:
A) the Mystagogia.
B) the Baptism of Desire.
D) the Baptism of Blood.
During the actual Baptismal Rite,as water is poured, or as the person descends into the baptismal pool, the celebrant says the person's name and says:
A) "Your sins are now forgiven."
B) "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
C) "you are now a member of the Catholic Church."
D) "You are baptized according to Church law."
The celebration of the Paschal Mastery includes celebration of:
A) the Birth of Jesus in Bethlehem.
B) the death of Jesus on the cross.
C) the Transfiguration of Jesus.
D) Christ's Passion, Death, Resurrection, and
After Pentecost, the followers of Jesus eagerly shared the Gospel with:
A) only Galileans.
B) Gentiles or non-Jews.
C) "Jews of every nation."
D) Romans who occupied Jerusalem.
Christ's presence is clearly seen in the liturgy in:
A) the minister of the sacrament.
B) the Church or people praying together.
C) the Word of God or Scripture.
D) all of the above.
The Latin word "anamnesis" refers to:
A) the reading of the Gospel during Mass.
B) the Penitential Rite
C) the "remembering of faith," including the remembering of Christ's Paschal Mystery.
D) the commissioning to spread and live the
The sacraments of the Church that confer a "sacramental character" are:
A) the Sacraments of Initiation.
B) the Sacraments of Healing.
C) Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.
D) Matrimony and Holy Orders.
At Sunday Mass,the Liturgy of the Word consists of:
A) passages from Genesis and one of the four Gospels.
B) a Psalm, Old Testament reading, New
Testament reading, and Gospel reading.
C) only New Testament readings.
D) one Gospel reading.
The words "Be sealed with the Holy Spirit" are the form for:
A) Holy Orders.
D) the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick.
Among the many feasts of Mary, the Mother of God, are:
A) the Assumption.
D) Ascension Thursday.
The "matter" of the Sacrament of Matrimony is:
A) the exchange of rings by the bride and groom.
B) the consent of the marriage by the bride and groom.
C) the lighting of the unity candle.
D) the reception of the Eucharist by the bride and groom.
Among the nine fruits of the Holy Spirit are:
A) faith, hope, and charity.
B) love, joy, and peace.
C) truthfulness, courage, and humility.
D) kindness, chastity, and prudence.
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