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Research strategies in psychology
Terms in this set (22)
The tendency to focus on information that supports preconceptions.
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions.
A tendency for research participants to behave in a certain way because they know they are being observed or they believe what the researcher wants.
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without manipulating or controlling the situation.
A research project strategy that investigates the degree to which two variables are related to each other.
A research technique that questions a sample of people to collect information about their attitudes or behaviors.
The entire group of people about whom you would like to know something.
A sample that fairly represents a population because each member of the population has an equal chance of being included.
A research technique that follows the same group of individuals over a long period.
A research technique that compares individuals from different age groups at one time.
A research method in which the researcher manipulates and controls certain variables to observe the effect on other variables.
A testable prediction about the outcome of research.
An explanation of the exact procedures used to make a variable specific and measurable for research purposes.
Independent variable (IV)
The variable that the researcher will actively manipulate and, if the hypothesis is correct, that will cause a change in the dependent variable.
Dependent variable (DV)
The variable that should show the effect of the independent variable.
The participants in an experiment who are exposed to the independent variable.
The participants in an experiment who are not exposed to the independent variable.
A procedure for creating groups that allows the researcher to control for individual differences among research participants.
In an experiment, a variable other than the independent variable that could produce a change in the dependent variable.
A research procedure in which both the data collectors and the research participants do not know the expected outcome of the experiment.
An inactive substance or condition used to control for confounding variables.
To repeat the essence of a research study to see whether the results can be reliably reproduced.
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